Computationally Efficient Methods in Topology Optimization
(2022) In TFHF5000 FHLM01 20221Solid Mechanics
Department of Construction Sciences
 Abstract
 In topology optimization, iterative, gradientbased methods are used to find the material distribution of structures which maximizes some objective function, typically the structures' stiffness, or in some cases the fundamental frequency. Finite element analysis is used to compute the structural response in each iteration, leading to large systems of equations. Several hundred iterations may be needed for convergence of the optimization problem, however the design changes may be very small, particularly towards the end of the optimization process. This raises the question if the systems need to be solved exactly, or if information from previous iterations can be used to reduce the computational effort. This is the fundamental idea of... (More)
 In topology optimization, iterative, gradientbased methods are used to find the material distribution of structures which maximizes some objective function, typically the structures' stiffness, or in some cases the fundamental frequency. Finite element analysis is used to compute the structural response in each iteration, leading to large systems of equations. Several hundred iterations may be needed for convergence of the optimization problem, however the design changes may be very small, particularly towards the end of the optimization process. This raises the question if the systems need to be solved exactly, or if information from previous iterations can be used to reduce the computational effort. This is the fundamental idea of reanalysis, which Kirsch used to develop effective basis generation methods for reduced order models, known as combined approximation (CA).
Kirsch's combined approximation has seen some use for static problems in topology optimization, and methods which take the approximations inaccuracies into account for a consistent sensitivity analysis have been developed. Kirsh's CA has also been used for eigenvalue problems, and consistent sensitivity analysis for optimization of a single eigenfrequency have been developed.
We found that some of the basis generation methods Kirsch proposes may be ill suited when multiple eigenfrequencies are used to approximate the fundamental frequency, and we propose a simple remedy to these problems. The sensitivities of the eigenfrequencies and the objective function are derived using the adjoint method, and are compared to finite difference approximations. The simulations show that the basis generation methods which Kirsch proposes are inconsistent, but that the novel method is consistent with a full model. Although, all reduced order methods produced indiscernible results and had similar performance in regard to computational effort saved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
http://lup.lub.lu.se/studentpapers/record/9086546
 author
 Dahlberg, Vilmer ^{LU}
 supervisor

 Anna Dalklint ^{LU}
 organization
 course
 FHLM01 20221
 year
 2022
 type
 H3  Professional qualifications (4 Years  )
 subject
 keywords
 Topology Optimization, Eigenfrequency, Eigenmode, Reduced Order Model, Sensitivity Analysis, Deflation
 publication/series
 TFHF5000
 report number
 TFHF5250
 language
 English
 id
 9086546
 date added to LUP
 20220610 13:15:11
 date last changed
 20220610 13:15:11
@misc{9086546, abstract = {{In topology optimization, iterative, gradientbased methods are used to find the material distribution of structures which maximizes some objective function, typically the structures' stiffness, or in some cases the fundamental frequency. Finite element analysis is used to compute the structural response in each iteration, leading to large systems of equations. Several hundred iterations may be needed for convergence of the optimization problem, however the design changes may be very small, particularly towards the end of the optimization process. This raises the question if the systems need to be solved exactly, or if information from previous iterations can be used to reduce the computational effort. This is the fundamental idea of reanalysis, which Kirsch used to develop effective basis generation methods for reduced order models, known as combined approximation (CA). Kirsch's combined approximation has seen some use for static problems in topology optimization, and methods which take the approximations inaccuracies into account for a consistent sensitivity analysis have been developed. Kirsh's CA has also been used for eigenvalue problems, and consistent sensitivity analysis for optimization of a single eigenfrequency have been developed. We found that some of the basis generation methods Kirsch proposes may be ill suited when multiple eigenfrequencies are used to approximate the fundamental frequency, and we propose a simple remedy to these problems. The sensitivities of the eigenfrequencies and the objective function are derived using the adjoint method, and are compared to finite difference approximations. The simulations show that the basis generation methods which Kirsch proposes are inconsistent, but that the novel method is consistent with a full model. Although, all reduced order methods produced indiscernible results and had similar performance in regard to computational effort saved.}}, author = {{Dahlberg, Vilmer}}, language = {{eng}}, note = {{Student Paper}}, series = {{TFHF5000}}, title = {{Computationally Efficient Methods in Topology Optimization}}, year = {{2022}}, }