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International comparison of costs of a fatal casualty of road accidents in 1990 and 1999

Trawén, Anna LU ; Maraste, Pia LU and Persson, Ulf LU (2002) In Accident Analysis and Prevention 34(3). p.323-332
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to assemble information of costs per fatal casualty in traffic accidents, adopted by authorities in different countries. analyse and compare these figures as well as the methods used for estimating these values. A questionnaire was sent to 19 countries from which 11 gave information on cost per fatality and methods of valuation. The costs per fatality, usually defined as direct and indirect costs plus a value of safety per se, are compared both between countries and over time, 1990 and 1999, for each country. The average cost per fatality has increased between 1990 and 1999 (fixed prices) due to both changes in the methodology and changes of valuations. Great Britain, New Zealand, Sweden and the US conduct own... (More)
The purpose of this study is to assemble information of costs per fatal casualty in traffic accidents, adopted by authorities in different countries. analyse and compare these figures as well as the methods used for estimating these values. A questionnaire was sent to 19 countries from which 11 gave information on cost per fatality and methods of valuation. The costs per fatality, usually defined as direct and indirect costs plus a value of safety per se, are compared both between countries and over time, 1990 and 1999, for each country. The average cost per fatality has increased between 1990 and 1999 (fixed prices) due to both changes in the methodology and changes of valuations. Great Britain, New Zealand, Sweden and the US conduct own willingness-to-pay (WTP) surveys, while the Netherlands and Norway make reviews of these studies. In Finland, the cost per fatality is a combination of the value of lost productivity and the cost of care for an institutionalised disabled person. In Australia, Austria, Germany and Switzerland, the cost per fatality is estimated as a value of lost productivity and an addition of a human cost based on compensation payments or insurance payments. Estimates from recently conducted WTP surveys or meta-analyses are considered in Austria, Finland and Sweden, however, not yet adopted as official values for use in road traffic planning. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Accident Analysis and Prevention
volume
34
issue
3
pages
323 - 332
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • WOS:000174640400008
  • Scopus:0036558129
ISSN
1879-2057
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2cfd27f9-6e95-4938-955b-82b20be5e240 (old id 107489)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov:80/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=11939361&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2007-07-03 09:46:11
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:26:26
@misc{2cfd27f9-6e95-4938-955b-82b20be5e240,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study is to assemble information of costs per fatal casualty in traffic accidents, adopted by authorities in different countries. analyse and compare these figures as well as the methods used for estimating these values. A questionnaire was sent to 19 countries from which 11 gave information on cost per fatality and methods of valuation. The costs per fatality, usually defined as direct and indirect costs plus a value of safety per se, are compared both between countries and over time, 1990 and 1999, for each country. The average cost per fatality has increased between 1990 and 1999 (fixed prices) due to both changes in the methodology and changes of valuations. Great Britain, New Zealand, Sweden and the US conduct own willingness-to-pay (WTP) surveys, while the Netherlands and Norway make reviews of these studies. In Finland, the cost per fatality is a combination of the value of lost productivity and the cost of care for an institutionalised disabled person. In Australia, Austria, Germany and Switzerland, the cost per fatality is estimated as a value of lost productivity and an addition of a human cost based on compensation payments or insurance payments. Estimates from recently conducted WTP surveys or meta-analyses are considered in Austria, Finland and Sweden, however, not yet adopted as official values for use in road traffic planning.},
  author       = {Trawén, Anna and Maraste, Pia and Persson, Ulf},
  issn         = {1879-2057},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {323--332},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xdb72628)},
  series       = {Accident Analysis and Prevention},
  title        = {International comparison of costs of a fatal casualty of road accidents in 1990 and 1999},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2002},
}