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Relationships between occupational factors and health and well-being in individuals with persistent mental illness living in the community

Eklund, Mona LU and Leufstadius, Christel LU (2007) In Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy 74(4). p.303-313
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study identified relationships between occupational factors and health and well-being among individuals with persistent mental illness. METHODS: There were 103 subjects assessed in regards to time spent in different occupations, activity level, satisfaction with daily occupations, and experienced occupational value. The health-related variables were self-rated health, quality of life, self-esteem, sense of coherence, self-mastery, psychosocial functioning, and psychiatric symptoms. RESULTS: Subjective perceptions of occupational performance were consistently related to both self-rated and interviewer-rated aspects of health and functioning. While variables pertaining to actual doing showed weak or no associations with... (More)
PURPOSE: This study identified relationships between occupational factors and health and well-being among individuals with persistent mental illness. METHODS: There were 103 subjects assessed in regards to time spent in different occupations, activity level, satisfaction with daily occupations, and experienced occupational value. The health-related variables were self-rated health, quality of life, self-esteem, sense of coherence, self-mastery, psychosocial functioning, and psychiatric symptoms. RESULTS: Subjective perceptions of occupational performance were consistently related to both self-rated and interviewer-rated aspects of health and functioning. While variables pertaining to actual doing showed weak or no associations with self-rated health-related variables, they exhibited moderate relationships to interviewer-rated health and functioning. IMPLICATIONS: The health-promoting ingredients in occupations were determined by the way occupations were perceived, rather than the doing per se. The findings indicate that perceived meaning and satisfaction ought to be prioritized when setting goals in occupational therapy practice, and, besides, that existing occupational therapy theory needs to be updated. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy
volume
74
issue
4
pages
303 - 313
publisher
Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists
external identifiers
  • PMID:17985753
  • Scopus:38449117091
ISSN
0008-4174
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cde57289-c496-48ad-9ed2-329e2a6823a5 (old id 1141815)
alternative location
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/caot/cjot/2007/00000074/00000004/art00003
date added to LUP
2008-08-11 14:42:03
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:33:44
@misc{cde57289-c496-48ad-9ed2-329e2a6823a5,
  abstract     = {PURPOSE: This study identified relationships between occupational factors and health and well-being among individuals with persistent mental illness. METHODS: There were 103 subjects assessed in regards to time spent in different occupations, activity level, satisfaction with daily occupations, and experienced occupational value. The health-related variables were self-rated health, quality of life, self-esteem, sense of coherence, self-mastery, psychosocial functioning, and psychiatric symptoms. RESULTS: Subjective perceptions of occupational performance were consistently related to both self-rated and interviewer-rated aspects of health and functioning. While variables pertaining to actual doing showed weak or no associations with self-rated health-related variables, they exhibited moderate relationships to interviewer-rated health and functioning. IMPLICATIONS: The health-promoting ingredients in occupations were determined by the way occupations were perceived, rather than the doing per se. The findings indicate that perceived meaning and satisfaction ought to be prioritized when setting goals in occupational therapy practice, and, besides, that existing occupational therapy theory needs to be updated.},
  author       = {Eklund, Mona and Leufstadius, Christel},
  issn         = {0008-4174},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {303--313},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9d7b7a0)},
  series       = {Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy},
  title        = {Relationships between occupational factors and health and well-being in individuals with persistent mental illness living in the community},
  volume       = {74},
  year         = {2007},
}