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Cost per case or total cost? The potential of prevention of hand injuries in young children - retrospective and prospective studies.

Ljungberg, Elinor LU ; Steen Carlsson, Katarina LU and Dahlin, Lars LU (2008) In BMC Pediatrics 8(July 7).
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Health-care costs for hand and forearm injuries in young children are poorly documented. We examined costs in 533 children injured years 1996-2003. METHODS: Health-care costs and costs for lost productivity were retrospectively calculated in children from three catchment areas in Sweden. Seven case categories corresponding to alternative prevention strategies were constructed. RESULTS: Over time, diminishing number of ward days reduced the health-care cost per case. Among children, the cost of lost productivity due to parental leave was 14 percent of total cost. Fingertip injuries had low median costs but high total costs due to their frequency. Complex injuries by machine or rifle had high costs per case, and despite a low... (More)
BACKGROUND: Health-care costs for hand and forearm injuries in young children are poorly documented. We examined costs in 533 children injured years 1996-2003. METHODS: Health-care costs and costs for lost productivity were retrospectively calculated in children from three catchment areas in Sweden. Seven case categories corresponding to alternative prevention strategies were constructed. RESULTS: Over time, diminishing number of ward days reduced the health-care cost per case. Among children, the cost of lost productivity due to parental leave was 14 percent of total cost. Fingertip injuries had low median costs but high total costs due to their frequency. Complex injuries by machine or rifle had high costs per case, and despite a low number of cases, total cost was high. Type of injury, surgery and physiotherapy sessions were associated with variations in health-care cost. Low age and ethnic background had a significant effect on number of ward days. CONCLUSION: The costs per hand injury for children were lower compared to adults due to both lower health-care costs and to the fact that parents had comparatively short periods of absence from work. Frequent simple fingertip injuries and rare complex injuries induce high costs for society. Such costs should be related to costs for prevention of these injuries. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
BMC Pediatrics
volume
8
issue
July 7
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • WOS:000264299900001
  • PMID:18606018
  • Scopus:48249118333
ISSN
1471-2431
DOI
10.1186/1471-2431-8-28
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d29ae186-34aa-4f5d-aa73-5da26cc5de47 (old id 1181502)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18606018?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2008-08-07 13:21:47
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:26:54
@misc{d29ae186-34aa-4f5d-aa73-5da26cc5de47,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Health-care costs for hand and forearm injuries in young children are poorly documented. We examined costs in 533 children injured years 1996-2003. METHODS: Health-care costs and costs for lost productivity were retrospectively calculated in children from three catchment areas in Sweden. Seven case categories corresponding to alternative prevention strategies were constructed. RESULTS: Over time, diminishing number of ward days reduced the health-care cost per case. Among children, the cost of lost productivity due to parental leave was 14 percent of total cost. Fingertip injuries had low median costs but high total costs due to their frequency. Complex injuries by machine or rifle had high costs per case, and despite a low number of cases, total cost was high. Type of injury, surgery and physiotherapy sessions were associated with variations in health-care cost. Low age and ethnic background had a significant effect on number of ward days. CONCLUSION: The costs per hand injury for children were lower compared to adults due to both lower health-care costs and to the fact that parents had comparatively short periods of absence from work. Frequent simple fingertip injuries and rare complex injuries induce high costs for society. Such costs should be related to costs for prevention of these injuries.},
  author       = {Ljungberg, Elinor and Steen Carlsson, Katarina and Dahlin, Lars},
  issn         = {1471-2431},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {July 7},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9652910)},
  series       = {BMC Pediatrics},
  title        = {Cost per case or total cost? The potential of prevention of hand injuries in young children - retrospective and prospective studies.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-8-28},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2008},
}