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Rho-Kinase Inhibitor Attenuates Cholestasis-Induced CXC Chemokine Formation, Leukocyte Recruitment, and Hepatocellular Damage in the Liver.

Laschke, Matthias LU ; Dold, Stefan LU ; Jeppsson, Bengt LU ; Schilling, Martin K; Menger, Michael D and Thorlacius, Henrik LU (2010) In The Journal of surgical research 159. p.666-673
Abstract
BACKGROUND: In the present experimental study, we analyzed the role of Rho-kinase during obstructive cholestasis by studying the effect of the Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 on hepatic CXC chemokine formation, leukocyte recruitment and hepatocellular damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C57BL/6 mice underwent bile duct ligation (BDL) to induce obstructive cholestasis. Mice were pretreated with Y-27632 (1 and 10mg/kg) or the vehicle PBS. Sham-operated animals served as controls. After 12h, hepatic accumulation of leukocytes and sinusoidal perfusion were determined using intravital fluorescence microscopy. Hepatocellular damage was monitored by measuring serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). CXC... (More)
BACKGROUND: In the present experimental study, we analyzed the role of Rho-kinase during obstructive cholestasis by studying the effect of the Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 on hepatic CXC chemokine formation, leukocyte recruitment and hepatocellular damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C57BL/6 mice underwent bile duct ligation (BDL) to induce obstructive cholestasis. Mice were pretreated with Y-27632 (1 and 10mg/kg) or the vehicle PBS. Sham-operated animals served as controls. After 12h, hepatic accumulation of leukocytes and sinusoidal perfusion were determined using intravital fluorescence microscopy. Hepatocellular damage was monitored by measuring serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). CXC chemokines in the liver were analyzed by ELISA. RESULTS: Administration of 10mg/kg of Y-27632 protected against cholestasis-induced hepatocellular damage indicated by a more than 87% reduction of ALT and AST in BDL mice. Moreover, this Rho-kinase inhibitor significantly decreased BDL-induced production of CXC chemokines by 44-83% and leukocyte recruitment by 60%. Finally, treatment with Y-27632 restored sinusoidal perfusion in cholestatic animals. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that the Rho-kinase signaling pathway plays a key role in the pathophysiology of cholestatic liver injury. Thus, targeting Rho-kinase activity may represent a new therapeutic approach in the treatment of inflammation and liver injury in cholestatic liver diseases. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
The Journal of surgical research
volume
159
pages
666 - 673
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • WOS:000276072000012
  • PMID:19159908
  • Scopus:77949485210
ISSN
1095-8673
DOI
10.1016/j.jss.2008.08.023
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d8a755b3-33f7-44f7-9c29-77066c1cfefe (old id 1289384)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19159908?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-02-04 12:30:02
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:26:46
@misc{d8a755b3-33f7-44f7-9c29-77066c1cfefe,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: In the present experimental study, we analyzed the role of Rho-kinase during obstructive cholestasis by studying the effect of the Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 on hepatic CXC chemokine formation, leukocyte recruitment and hepatocellular damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C57BL/6 mice underwent bile duct ligation (BDL) to induce obstructive cholestasis. Mice were pretreated with Y-27632 (1 and 10mg/kg) or the vehicle PBS. Sham-operated animals served as controls. After 12h, hepatic accumulation of leukocytes and sinusoidal perfusion were determined using intravital fluorescence microscopy. Hepatocellular damage was monitored by measuring serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). CXC chemokines in the liver were analyzed by ELISA. RESULTS: Administration of 10mg/kg of Y-27632 protected against cholestasis-induced hepatocellular damage indicated by a more than 87% reduction of ALT and AST in BDL mice. Moreover, this Rho-kinase inhibitor significantly decreased BDL-induced production of CXC chemokines by 44-83% and leukocyte recruitment by 60%. Finally, treatment with Y-27632 restored sinusoidal perfusion in cholestatic animals. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that the Rho-kinase signaling pathway plays a key role in the pathophysiology of cholestatic liver injury. Thus, targeting Rho-kinase activity may represent a new therapeutic approach in the treatment of inflammation and liver injury in cholestatic liver diseases.},
  author       = {Laschke, Matthias and Dold, Stefan and Jeppsson, Bengt and Schilling, Martin K and Menger, Michael D and Thorlacius, Henrik},
  issn         = {1095-8673},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {666--673},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x78df970)},
  series       = {The Journal of surgical research},
  title        = {Rho-Kinase Inhibitor Attenuates Cholestasis-Induced CXC Chemokine Formation, Leukocyte Recruitment, and Hepatocellular Damage in the Liver.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2008.08.023},
  volume       = {159},
  year         = {2010},
}