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Road traffic noise and hypertension: results from a cross-sectional public health survey in southern Sweden.

Bodin, Theo LU ; Albin, Maria LU ; Ardö, Jonas LU ; Stroh, Emilie LU ; Östergren, Per-Olof LU and Björk, Jonas LU (2009) In Environmental Health 8(38).
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Results from studies of road traffic noise and hypertension are heterogeneous with respect to effect size, effects among males and females and with respect to effects across age groups. Our objective was to further explore these associations. METHODS: The study used cross-sectional public health survey data from southern Sweden, including 24,238 adults (18 - 80 years old). We used a geographic information system (GIS) to assess the average road noise (LAeq 24 hr) at the current residential address. Effects on self-reported hypertension were estimated by logistic regression with adjustment for age, sex, BMI, alcohol intake, exercise, education, smoking and socioeconomic status. RESULTS: Modest exposure effects (OR approximately... (More)
BACKGROUND: Results from studies of road traffic noise and hypertension are heterogeneous with respect to effect size, effects among males and females and with respect to effects across age groups. Our objective was to further explore these associations. METHODS: The study used cross-sectional public health survey data from southern Sweden, including 24,238 adults (18 - 80 years old). We used a geographic information system (GIS) to assess the average road noise (LAeq 24 hr) at the current residential address. Effects on self-reported hypertension were estimated by logistic regression with adjustment for age, sex, BMI, alcohol intake, exercise, education, smoking and socioeconomic status. RESULTS: Modest exposure effects (OR approximately 1.1) were generally noted in intermediate exposure categories (45 -64 dB(A)), and with no obvious trend. The effect was more pronounced at > 64 dB(A) (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.04 - 2.02). Age modified the relative effect (p = 0.018). An effect was seen among middle-aged (40 - 59 years old) at noise levels 60 - 64 dB(A) (OR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.02 - 1.58)) and at > 64 dB(A) (OR = 1.91, 95% CI 1.19 - 3.06)). An effect was also indicated among younger adults but not among elderly. No apparent effect modification by gender, country of origin, disturbed sleep or strained economy was noted. CONCLUSION: The study supports an association between road traffic noise at high average levels and self-reported hypertension in middle-aged. Future studies should use age group -specific relative effect models to account for differences in prevalence. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Environmental Health
volume
8
issue
38
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • WOS:000270885200001
  • PMID:19744313
  • Scopus:70349835788
ISSN
1476-069X
DOI
10.1186/1476-069X-8-38
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8fa61f17-dd54-4c7e-a4b5-92155001bc4d (old id 1483581)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19744313?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-10-07 11:06:23
date last changed
2016-11-27 04:29:11
@misc{8fa61f17-dd54-4c7e-a4b5-92155001bc4d,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Results from studies of road traffic noise and hypertension are heterogeneous with respect to effect size, effects among males and females and with respect to effects across age groups. Our objective was to further explore these associations. METHODS: The study used cross-sectional public health survey data from southern Sweden, including 24,238 adults (18 - 80 years old). We used a geographic information system (GIS) to assess the average road noise (LAeq 24 hr) at the current residential address. Effects on self-reported hypertension were estimated by logistic regression with adjustment for age, sex, BMI, alcohol intake, exercise, education, smoking and socioeconomic status. RESULTS: Modest exposure effects (OR approximately 1.1) were generally noted in intermediate exposure categories (45 -64 dB(A)), and with no obvious trend. The effect was more pronounced at > 64 dB(A) (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.04 - 2.02). Age modified the relative effect (p = 0.018). An effect was seen among middle-aged (40 - 59 years old) at noise levels 60 - 64 dB(A) (OR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.02 - 1.58)) and at > 64 dB(A) (OR = 1.91, 95% CI 1.19 - 3.06)). An effect was also indicated among younger adults but not among elderly. No apparent effect modification by gender, country of origin, disturbed sleep or strained economy was noted. CONCLUSION: The study supports an association between road traffic noise at high average levels and self-reported hypertension in middle-aged. Future studies should use age group -specific relative effect models to account for differences in prevalence.},
  author       = {Bodin, Theo and Albin, Maria and Ardö, Jonas and Stroh, Emilie and Östergren, Per-Olof and Björk, Jonas},
  issn         = {1476-069X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {38},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x93ef250)},
  series       = {Environmental Health},
  title        = {Road traffic noise and hypertension: results from a cross-sectional public health survey in southern Sweden.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-069X-8-38},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2009},
}