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Prospects for Desalination as a Water Supply Method

Liu, Shuang LU ; Bashitialshaaer, Raed LU and Persson, Kenneth M LU (2010) Proceedings 9th Membranes in Drinking and Industrial Water Treatment (MDIW2010) In MDIW2010
Abstract
In this paper, four major parameters of fresh water production from saline sources are discussed. The parameters are desalination technology type, water sources input type, energy sources and productions cost per cubic meter. Five different types of desalination technology are presented and bench-marked for long-term use. RO and MSF are dominant technologies. Six different input water sources are used. There is no significant change in the sources distribution during the past 20 years. Wastewater seems to be more important, but in 2009 only 5% of all raw waters. Three different energy supplies are reviewed: conventional fossil based energy, nuclear energy and renewable energy sources. At present, the cost of desalination using a... (More)
In this paper, four major parameters of fresh water production from saline sources are discussed. The parameters are desalination technology type, water sources input type, energy sources and productions cost per cubic meter. Five different types of desalination technology are presented and bench-marked for long-term use. RO and MSF are dominant technologies. Six different input water sources are used. There is no significant change in the sources distribution during the past 20 years. Wastewater seems to be more important, but in 2009 only 5% of all raw waters. Three different energy supplies are reviewed: conventional fossil based energy, nuclear energy and renewable energy sources. At present, the cost of desalination using a conventional source of energy is lowest. Statistical analysis points indicates a total production cost of less than US 0.5 $/m3 in 2020. This will probably continue to drop due to effects of scale and reach US 0.35 $/m3 after year 2020. Wastewater is less costly to desalinate, approximately US 0.3 $/m3 from the year 2015. Brackish water will reach US 0.2 $/m3 at year 2015. The paper takes China as an example, presenting the desalination status of China from the four aspects. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
cost, desalination, energy, technology, water source
in
MDIW2010
pages
18 pages
publisher
MDIW2010
conference name
Proceedings 9th Membranes in Drinking and Industrial Water Treatment (MDIW2010)
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ba3c3324-fb23-4fd2-929d-c028a4e80cd5 (old id 1692372)
date added to LUP
2010-10-14 11:14:05
date last changed
2016-04-16 08:10:27
@misc{ba3c3324-fb23-4fd2-929d-c028a4e80cd5,
  abstract     = {In this paper, four major parameters of fresh water production from saline sources are discussed. The parameters are desalination technology type, water sources input type, energy sources and productions cost per cubic meter. Five different types of desalination technology are presented and bench-marked for long-term use. RO and MSF are dominant technologies. Six different input water sources are used. There is no significant change in the sources distribution during the past 20 years. Wastewater seems to be more important, but in 2009 only 5% of all raw waters. Three different energy supplies are reviewed: conventional fossil based energy, nuclear energy and renewable energy sources. At present, the cost of desalination using a conventional source of energy is lowest. Statistical analysis points indicates a total production cost of less than US 0.5 $/m3 in 2020. This will probably continue to drop due to effects of scale and reach US 0.35 $/m3 after year 2020. Wastewater is less costly to desalinate, approximately US 0.3 $/m3 from the year 2015. Brackish water will reach US 0.2 $/m3 at year 2015. The paper takes China as an example, presenting the desalination status of China from the four aspects.},
  author       = {Liu, Shuang and Bashitialshaaer, Raed and Persson, Kenneth M},
  keyword      = {cost,desalination,energy,technology,water source},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {18},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x901bf68)},
  series       = {MDIW2010},
  title        = {Prospects for Desalination as a Water Supply Method},
  year         = {2010},
}