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Swedish Numerals in an International Perspective

Olsson, Magnus LU (1997) In Lundastudier i nordisk språkvetenskap. Serie A 50.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Svenska räkneord behandlas här ur olika synvinklar. Boken är inte tänkt som en lärobok om svenska räkneord, även om man kan lära sig en hel del om systemet här - mer än språkanvändaren i allmänhet känner till. Fonologi, morfologi, syntax och semantik får alla sin del av uppmärksamheten. Jag undersöker räkneordssystemet som en synkron helhet, men de historiska förhållandena studeras också i den mån de bidrar till förståelsen av räkneordens framväxt. Gamla svenska måttsuttryck är medtagna i beskrivningen, liksom konstruktioner med runda tal.



Svenska räkneord avhandlas - men inte enbart de. Det finns många hänvisningar till andra räkneordssystem, som på ett eller annat sätt... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Svenska räkneord behandlas här ur olika synvinklar. Boken är inte tänkt som en lärobok om svenska räkneord, även om man kan lära sig en hel del om systemet här - mer än språkanvändaren i allmänhet känner till. Fonologi, morfologi, syntax och semantik får alla sin del av uppmärksamheten. Jag undersöker räkneordssystemet som en synkron helhet, men de historiska förhållandena studeras också i den mån de bidrar till förståelsen av räkneordens framväxt. Gamla svenska måttsuttryck är medtagna i beskrivningen, liksom konstruktioner med runda tal.



Svenska räkneord avhandlas - men inte enbart de. Det finns många hänvisningar till andra räkneordssystem, som på ett eller annat sätt skiljer sig från det svenska systemet. De inbegriper, naturligtvis, äldre stadier och dialektala varianter av språket. Danska, isländska, engelska, franska, tyska och andra indoeuropeiska språk studeras, liksom mer exotiska språk som tibetanska, ainu och malajiska. Hänvisningarna till andra språk är alltid tänkta att vara belysande. Den typologiska litteraturen på området tas också upp, särskilt Greenberg's arbete om räkneordssystem.



Fast detta är en bok om räkneord, så förekommer här också åtskilliga nya distinktioner och typologier av allmänt teoretiskt intresse. En typologi har att göra med den semantiska och morfologiska förbindelsen mellan två ord. En annan typologi skiljer mellan olika typer av affiniteter i fråga om två klasser av ordformer. De kan vara (fonetiskt) identiska, parallella eller asymmetriska. En tredje typologi skiljer mellan olika typer av <i>benämningsövergångar</i> - de är de möjliga relationerna mellan ett ord och de ord som har uppkommit ur det historiskt sett.



Räkneorden betraktas som en delmängd av språket som är värd uppmärksamhet framför allt på grund av de ovanliga dragen i vissa avseenden. Liksom alla delar av språket härleder den sig i huvudsak, till sin betydelse, från den bakomliggande icke-språkliga bakgrunden - i detta fall matematik i en mycket vid mening. Det icke-reduktionistiska synsättet i boken - att använda många olika verktyg för att komma fram till fakta och dra slutsatser - borde leda till en förnyelse av räkneordsstudiet överlag. (Less)
Abstract
Swedish numerals are here treated from different points of view. The book is however not intended to be a textbook of Swedish numerals, though one may learn a great deal about the system herein - more than the general user of the language knows. Phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics all get their fair share of attention. I am investigating the numeral system as a synchronic whole (and similarly for parts of it), but the historical relations are also studied as long as they contribute to the understanding of the growth of numerals. The old Swedish measurement expressions are included in the description, as are constructions with round numbers.



Swedish numerals are dealt with - but not invariably so. There are many... (More)
Swedish numerals are here treated from different points of view. The book is however not intended to be a textbook of Swedish numerals, though one may learn a great deal about the system herein - more than the general user of the language knows. Phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics all get their fair share of attention. I am investigating the numeral system as a synchronic whole (and similarly for parts of it), but the historical relations are also studied as long as they contribute to the understanding of the growth of numerals. The old Swedish measurement expressions are included in the description, as are constructions with round numbers.



Swedish numerals are dealt with - but not invariably so. There are many references to other numeral systems, in one way or another contrasting with the Swedish one. These include, naturally, older layers and dialectal variants of the language. Danish, Icelandic, English, French, German and other Indo-European languages are studied, as well as more exotic languages such as Tibetan, Ainu and Malay. The references to other languages are always intended to prove a point or to be illuminative, so that they are no loose garments surrounding an alien body of text. The typological literature in the area is also commented, especially Greenberg's work on numeral systems.



Although this is a book about numerals, it also concerns several new distinctions and typologies of general theoretical importance. One typology has to do with the semantic and morphological connection between two words and is intended as a replacement of the distinction between derivation and inflection. Another typology discerns between various kinds of affinities as regards two classes of word-forms. They may be (phonetically) identical, parallel or asymmetrical. A third typology differentiates various types of <i>designation transitions</i> - these are the possible relations between a word and the words that have emanated from it historically.



The numerals are looked upon as a subset of the language that is worthy of consideration above all because of its unusual features in certain respects. Like all parts of language it derives largely, in meanings and meaning relations with other parts of the system, from the underlying non-linguistic background - in this case mainly mathematics in a very broad sense. Although Swedish numerals is the nominal subject of the present book, the non-reductionist view - using many different tools to let the data speak - should mean a renewal of the field of numeral study as a whole. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Professor Andersson, Erik, Åbo
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
synchrony, round numbers, base, vacillation, parallelism, affinity, inflection, derivation, dualism, affix, language change, language planning, dates, number, measurement, typology, homonymy, semantics, syntax, phonology, morphology, designation transition, Scandinavian languages and literature, Nordiska språk (språk och litteratur)
in
Lundastudier i nordisk språkvetenskap. Serie A
volume
50
pages
207 pages
defense location
Sal Kock
defense date
1997-05-24 10:15
external identifiers
  • Other:ISRN: LUHSDF/HSNS--97/1021--SE+207
ISSN
0347-8971
ISBN
91-7966-413-X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cf2bad60-060c-41b1-b396-ee4393c865f9 (old id 18367)
date added to LUP
2007-05-24 11:44:27
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:00
@misc{cf2bad60-060c-41b1-b396-ee4393c865f9,
  abstract     = {Swedish numerals are here treated from different points of view. The book is however not intended to be a textbook of Swedish numerals, though one may learn a great deal about the system herein - more than the general user of the language knows. Phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics all get their fair share of attention. I am investigating the numeral system as a synchronic whole (and similarly for parts of it), but the historical relations are also studied as long as they contribute to the understanding of the growth of numerals. The old Swedish measurement expressions are included in the description, as are constructions with round numbers.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Swedish numerals are dealt with - but not invariably so. There are many references to other numeral systems, in one way or another contrasting with the Swedish one. These include, naturally, older layers and dialectal variants of the language. Danish, Icelandic, English, French, German and other Indo-European languages are studied, as well as more exotic languages such as Tibetan, Ainu and Malay. The references to other languages are always intended to prove a point or to be illuminative, so that they are no loose garments surrounding an alien body of text. The typological literature in the area is also commented, especially Greenberg's work on numeral systems.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Although this is a book about numerals, it also concerns several new distinctions and typologies of general theoretical importance. One typology has to do with the semantic and morphological connection between two words and is intended as a replacement of the distinction between derivation and inflection. Another typology discerns between various kinds of affinities as regards two classes of word-forms. They may be (phonetically) identical, parallel or asymmetrical. A third typology differentiates various types of &lt;i&gt;designation transitions&lt;/i&gt; - these are the possible relations between a word and the words that have emanated from it historically.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The numerals are looked upon as a subset of the language that is worthy of consideration above all because of its unusual features in certain respects. Like all parts of language it derives largely, in meanings and meaning relations with other parts of the system, from the underlying non-linguistic background - in this case mainly mathematics in a very broad sense. Although Swedish numerals is the nominal subject of the present book, the non-reductionist view - using many different tools to let the data speak - should mean a renewal of the field of numeral study as a whole.},
  author       = {Olsson, Magnus},
  isbn         = {91-7966-413-X},
  issn         = {0347-8971},
  keyword      = {synchrony,round numbers,base,vacillation,parallelism,affinity,inflection,derivation,dualism,affix,language change,language planning,dates,number,measurement,typology,homonymy,semantics,syntax,phonology,morphology,designation transition,Scandinavian languages and literature,Nordiska språk (språk och litteratur)},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {207},
  series       = {Lundastudier i nordisk språkvetenskap. Serie A},
  title        = {Swedish Numerals in an International Perspective},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {1997},
}