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Design Fires for Fire Protection Engineering of Swedish School Buildings

Klason, Lars-Gunnar; Johansson, Nils LU ; Andersson, Petra and Van Hees, Patrick LU (2011) Fire and Materials 2011 In Fire and Materials Conferance 1. p.159-169
Abstract
In Sweden, at least one school fire occurs every day. In most cases, arson is the cause of that fire.

The costs for these arson fires are considerable, especially those occurring after school hours. This paper

presents data for typical arson fire scenarios in schools and kindergartens in Sweden. This data will later

be used to evaluate, with regard to cost and benefit, different active and passive fire protection measures

used to prevent or reduce the consequences of arson in schools.

Four typical ignition scenarios have been identified: garbage or flammable liquid beside the façade, a

small vehicle (moped or motorcycle) beside the façade, flammable liquid ignited indoors and... (More)
In Sweden, at least one school fire occurs every day. In most cases, arson is the cause of that fire.

The costs for these arson fires are considerable, especially those occurring after school hours. This paper

presents data for typical arson fire scenarios in schools and kindergartens in Sweden. This data will later

be used to evaluate, with regard to cost and benefit, different active and passive fire protection measures

used to prevent or reduce the consequences of arson in schools.

Four typical ignition scenarios have been identified: garbage or flammable liquid beside the façade, a

small vehicle (moped or motorcycle) beside the façade, flammable liquid ignited indoors and burning

fireworks thrown indoors. These scenarios are considered to deviate from the typical design fires that

would be used in a fire safety engineering design. A literature survey has been made of fire data (e.g. heat

release rate and fire growth) for these scenarios and suggestions made for experiments in those cases

where data is scarce. The survey showed that available data is sufficient for all scenarios except fireworks

indoors and an experimental series was therefore conducted to provide data on this particular ignition

scenario. The results of the literature survey and experiments are presented in this paper. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
arson, fire, ignition scenarios, schools
in
Fire and Materials Conferance
volume
1
pages
11 pages
publisher
Interscience Communications
conference name
Fire and Materials 2011
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84873859858
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
66adf8a6-0df7-47f9-b711-2afa5992f7ba (old id 1852304)
date added to LUP
2011-03-14 10:51:51
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:38:34
@misc{66adf8a6-0df7-47f9-b711-2afa5992f7ba,
  abstract     = {In Sweden, at least one school fire occurs every day. In most cases, arson is the cause of that fire.<br/><br>
The costs for these arson fires are considerable, especially those occurring after school hours. This paper<br/><br>
presents data for typical arson fire scenarios in schools and kindergartens in Sweden. This data will later<br/><br>
be used to evaluate, with regard to cost and benefit, different active and passive fire protection measures<br/><br>
used to prevent or reduce the consequences of arson in schools.<br/><br>
Four typical ignition scenarios have been identified: garbage or flammable liquid beside the façade, a<br/><br>
small vehicle (moped or motorcycle) beside the façade, flammable liquid ignited indoors and burning<br/><br>
fireworks thrown indoors. These scenarios are considered to deviate from the typical design fires that<br/><br>
would be used in a fire safety engineering design. A literature survey has been made of fire data (e.g. heat<br/><br>
release rate and fire growth) for these scenarios and suggestions made for experiments in those cases<br/><br>
where data is scarce. The survey showed that available data is sufficient for all scenarios except fireworks<br/><br>
indoors and an experimental series was therefore conducted to provide data on this particular ignition<br/><br>
scenario. The results of the literature survey and experiments are presented in this paper.},
  author       = {Klason, Lars-Gunnar and Johansson, Nils and Andersson, Petra and Van Hees, Patrick},
  keyword      = {arson,fire,ignition scenarios,schools},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {159--169},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x7ff3f08)},
  series       = {Fire and Materials Conferance},
  title        = {Design Fires for Fire Protection Engineering of Swedish School Buildings},
  volume       = {1},
  year         = {2011},
}