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Characterization of Pt/γ-Al2O3 Catalysts Deactivated by Hexamethyldisiloxane

Arnby, Karl; Rahmani, Mohammad; Sanati, Mehri LU ; Cruise, Neil; Amberntsson Carlsson, Annika and Skoglund, Magnus (2004) In Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 54(1). p.1-7
Abstract
The deactivation of alumina supported platinum and iron catalysts by hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDS) exposure has been investigated. Three catalysts (Pt/Al2O3, Fe/Al2O3 and Fe/Pt/Al2O3) were prepared and the influence of short- and long-term deactivation on the activity for oxidation of ethyl acetate was studied. The catalysts were characterized using BET, ICP-AES, XPS, SEM and CO chemisorption. The deactivation was found to proceed by deposition of silicon-species in form of silicate (SixOy) that block the active sites on the surface of the catalysts. The silicon seems to rather attach to platinum and iron sites than to the alumina surface. The Pt/Al2O3 catalyst was moderately deactivated by HMDS even though the silicate was blocking almost... (More)
The deactivation of alumina supported platinum and iron catalysts by hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDS) exposure has been investigated. Three catalysts (Pt/Al2O3, Fe/Al2O3 and Fe/Pt/Al2O3) were prepared and the influence of short- and long-term deactivation on the activity for oxidation of ethyl acetate was studied. The catalysts were characterized using BET, ICP-AES, XPS, SEM and CO chemisorption. The deactivation was found to proceed by deposition of silicon-species in form of silicate (SixOy) that block the active sites on the surface of the catalysts. The silicon seems to rather attach to platinum and iron sites than to the alumina surface. The Pt/Al2O3 catalyst was moderately deactivated by HMDS even though the silicate was blocking almost the entire platinum surface. Adding iron to the catalyst increased the tolerance towards HMDS as fewer Pt sites were blocked for the Fe/Pt/Al2O3 sample. The deactivation of the two platinum containing samples was reversible since the silicate could partly be removed from the Pt sites by regeneration whereby most of the activity was restored. However, for the Fe/Al2O3 sample the deactivation was more severe and irreversible. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
silicon, deactivation, hexamethyldisiloxane, ethyl acetate oxidation, platinum, iron, alumina
in
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental
volume
54
issue
1
pages
1 - 7
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • Scopus:4544333906
ISSN
0926-3373
DOI
10.1016/j.apcatb.2004.06.007
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
adedf8b1-b5e5-453a-895c-5ef444115d3b (old id 1969334)
date added to LUP
2011-05-25 16:58:01
date last changed
2016-12-04 04:43:39
@misc{adedf8b1-b5e5-453a-895c-5ef444115d3b,
  abstract     = {The deactivation of alumina supported platinum and iron catalysts by hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDS) exposure has been investigated. Three catalysts (Pt/Al2O3, Fe/Al2O3 and Fe/Pt/Al2O3) were prepared and the influence of short- and long-term deactivation on the activity for oxidation of ethyl acetate was studied. The catalysts were characterized using BET, ICP-AES, XPS, SEM and CO chemisorption. The deactivation was found to proceed by deposition of silicon-species in form of silicate (SixOy) that block the active sites on the surface of the catalysts. The silicon seems to rather attach to platinum and iron sites than to the alumina surface. The Pt/Al2O3 catalyst was moderately deactivated by HMDS even though the silicate was blocking almost the entire platinum surface. Adding iron to the catalyst increased the tolerance towards HMDS as fewer Pt sites were blocked for the Fe/Pt/Al2O3 sample. The deactivation of the two platinum containing samples was reversible since the silicate could partly be removed from the Pt sites by regeneration whereby most of the activity was restored. However, for the Fe/Al2O3 sample the deactivation was more severe and irreversible.},
  author       = {Arnby, Karl and Rahmani, Mohammad and Sanati, Mehri and Cruise, Neil and Amberntsson Carlsson, Annika and Skoglund, Magnus},
  issn         = {0926-3373},
  keyword      = {silicon,deactivation,hexamethyldisiloxane,ethyl acetate oxidation,platinum,iron,alumina},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {1--7},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9a59140)},
  series       = {Applied Catalysis B: Environmental},
  title        = {Characterization of Pt/γ-Al2O3 Catalysts Deactivated by Hexamethyldisiloxane},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2004.06.007},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2004},
}