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Optimal Combined Cycle For Co2 Capture With EGR

Jonshagen, Klas LU ; Sipocz, Nikolett and Genrup, Magnus LU (2010) ASME Turbo Expo 2010 In Proceedings Of The ASME Turbo Expo 2010, Volume 3: Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Cycle Innovations; Marine 3. p.867-875
Abstract
Most state-of-the-art natural gas fired combined cycle (NGCC) plants are triple-pressure reheat cycles with efficiencies close to 60 percent. However, with carbon capture and storage, the efficiency will be penalized by almost 10 percent units. To limit the energy consumption for a carbon capture NGCC plant, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is necessary. Utilizing EGR increases the CO2 content in the gas turbine exhaust while it reduces the flue gas flow to be treated in the capture plant. Nevertheless, due to EGR, the gas turbine will experience a different: media with different properties compared to the design case. This study looks into how the turbo machinery reacts to EGR. The work also discusses the potential of further improvements... (More)
Most state-of-the-art natural gas fired combined cycle (NGCC) plants are triple-pressure reheat cycles with efficiencies close to 60 percent. However, with carbon capture and storage, the efficiency will be penalized by almost 10 percent units. To limit the energy consumption for a carbon capture NGCC plant, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is necessary. Utilizing EGR increases the CO2 content in the gas turbine exhaust while it reduces the flue gas flow to be treated in the capture plant. Nevertheless, due to EGR, the gas turbine will experience a different: media with different properties compared to the design case. This study looks into how the turbo machinery reacts to EGR. The work also discusses the potential of further improvements by utilizing pressurized water rather than extraction steam as the heat source for the CO2 stripper. The results show that the required low-pressure level should be elevated to a point close to the intermediate-pressure to achieve optimum efficiency; hence one pressure level can be omitted. The main tool used for this study is an in-house off-design model based on fully dimensionless groups programmed in the commercially-available heat and mass balance program IPSEpro. The model is based on a GE 109FB machine with a triple-pressure reheat steam cycle. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Proceedings Of The ASME Turbo Expo 2010, Volume 3: Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Cycle Innovations; Marine
volume
3
pages
867 - 875
publisher
American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
conference name
ASME Turbo Expo 2010
external identifiers
  • WOS:000290693400084
  • Scopus:82055191786
ISBN
978-0-7918-4398-7
DOI
10.1115/GT2010-23420
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d6424b88-876c-4d6c-b74f-9a1f9f180e13 (old id 1984577)
date added to LUP
2011-06-30 14:25:36
date last changed
2016-10-30 04:39:27
@misc{d6424b88-876c-4d6c-b74f-9a1f9f180e13,
  abstract     = {Most state-of-the-art natural gas fired combined cycle (NGCC) plants are triple-pressure reheat cycles with efficiencies close to 60 percent. However, with carbon capture and storage, the efficiency will be penalized by almost 10 percent units. To limit the energy consumption for a carbon capture NGCC plant, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is necessary. Utilizing EGR increases the CO2 content in the gas turbine exhaust while it reduces the flue gas flow to be treated in the capture plant. Nevertheless, due to EGR, the gas turbine will experience a different: media with different properties compared to the design case. This study looks into how the turbo machinery reacts to EGR. The work also discusses the potential of further improvements by utilizing pressurized water rather than extraction steam as the heat source for the CO2 stripper. The results show that the required low-pressure level should be elevated to a point close to the intermediate-pressure to achieve optimum efficiency; hence one pressure level can be omitted. The main tool used for this study is an in-house off-design model based on fully dimensionless groups programmed in the commercially-available heat and mass balance program IPSEpro. The model is based on a GE 109FB machine with a triple-pressure reheat steam cycle.},
  author       = {Jonshagen, Klas and Sipocz, Nikolett and Genrup, Magnus},
  isbn         = {978-0-7918-4398-7},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {867--875},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x58a5320)},
  series       = {Proceedings Of The ASME Turbo Expo 2010, Volume 3: Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Cycle Innovations; Marine},
  title        = {Optimal Combined Cycle For Co2 Capture With EGR},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/GT2010-23420},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2010},
}