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Våp eller nucka? Kvinnors högre studier och genusdiskursen 1930-1970

Carls Lindberg, Lina LU (2004)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Det har varit långt ifrån självklart att kvinnor ska få ägna sig åt högre studier. För hundra år sedan kom t ex medicinska undersökningar som ”visade” att kvinnor som studerade riskerade att bli sterila. I denna bok undersöker Lina Carls hur kvinnors högre studier 1930-1970 beskrivits i samhällsdebatten och i de lokala diskussionerna vid universiteten i Lund och Uppsala. Här finns professorn som föreslog att särskilda kvinnouniversitet skulle inrättas och en rad akademiker som menade att kvinnors syfte med sina högre studier egentligen var att skaffa sig en äkta man. Vidare visar författaren hur positiv särbehandling av män infördes vid antagning till utbildningar under 1940-talet och hur den... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Det har varit långt ifrån självklart att kvinnor ska få ägna sig åt högre studier. För hundra år sedan kom t ex medicinska undersökningar som ”visade” att kvinnor som studerade riskerade att bli sterila. I denna bok undersöker Lina Carls hur kvinnors högre studier 1930-1970 beskrivits i samhällsdebatten och i de lokala diskussionerna vid universiteten i Lund och Uppsala. Här finns professorn som föreslog att särskilda kvinnouniversitet skulle inrättas och en rad akademiker som menade att kvinnors syfte med sina högre studier egentligen var att skaffa sig en äkta man. Vidare visar författaren hur positiv särbehandling av män infördes vid antagning till utbildningar under 1940-talet och hur den svenska begåvningsreserven länge ansågs bestå av framförallt manliga elever. En student har av tradition ansetts vara en manlig student. Lina Carls menar att det faktiskt ända fram till 1970 har varit svårt att förena kvinnlighet med studentrollen i en manlig akademisk värld – en problematik som medfört en bild av kvinnliga studenter som antingen våp eller nuckor. Men det har också funnits de som försökt förändra de traditionella kategorierna av manligt och kvinnligt. Inte minst i de så kallade studentromanerna spelade ofta kvinnliga studenter huvudrollen och de kunde vara både begåvade och feminina. (Less)
Abstract
This dissertation’s overall purpose has been to achieve an increased understanding of why women’s integration into universities has progressed so slowly. Through the analysis of the debates on women in higher education I have wanted to see if the main figures reproduce or contradict the discourse. I have had the aim of not only to show how the genus discourse was possibly repeated but also how in different ways the dichotomy between men and women has been protested against. My main issues have therefore dealt with how gender is constructed in relationship to the term student and in connection to the discussion of women’s higher studies in Sweden under the period 1930-1970, both at societal level and locally in the university towns of Lund... (More)
This dissertation’s overall purpose has been to achieve an increased understanding of why women’s integration into universities has progressed so slowly. Through the analysis of the debates on women in higher education I have wanted to see if the main figures reproduce or contradict the discourse. I have had the aim of not only to show how the genus discourse was possibly repeated but also how in different ways the dichotomy between men and women has been protested against. My main issues have therefore dealt with how gender is constructed in relationship to the term student and in connection to the discussion of women’s higher studies in Sweden under the period 1930-1970, both at societal level and locally in the university towns of Lund and Uppsala. When opening the universities to female students, the academic culture had for nearly 800 years been characterised entirely by the needs and norms of men. Once women were allowed at the Swedish universities, the opposition caused by their presence nevertheless came to remain. The law entitling women to more advanced studies were questioned, especially in times of unemployment amongst people with an academic degree. It also became apparent that many people at the universities and in the society at large could not easily cope with uniting the traditional image of femininity with being a student, traditionally adopted as a male role, leading to women often being portrayed as silly and keen on getting married or as old maids. This dissertation also illustrates the persistency of the constructions. Above all, the image of the female student as silly and keen on getting married remained until around 1970, although some people made attempts to refute the conception of women engaged in advanced academic studies as being unsuccessful as women, wives and mothers. These people instead emphasized an image of the female student as intelligent and feminine. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Professor Florin, Christina, Stockholms universitet
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Contemporary history (since 1914), Gender and Academia, Gender History Female students, University History, Nutidshistoria (från 1914)
pages
448 pages
publisher
Nordic Academic Press
defense location
Sal 3, Historiska institutionen, Magle Stora Kyrkogata 12 A, Lund
defense date
2004-03-06 10:15
external identifiers
  • Other:ISRN: LUHFDA/HFHI-2004/1119-SE+448
ISBN
91-89116-65-8
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
a68fbac0-e6f1-4551-a991-6d8ed2f49ab9 (old id 21592)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 11:26:23
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:06
@misc{a68fbac0-e6f1-4551-a991-6d8ed2f49ab9,
  abstract     = {This dissertation’s overall purpose has been to achieve an increased understanding of why women’s integration into universities has progressed so slowly. Through the analysis of the debates on women in higher education I have wanted to see if the main figures reproduce or contradict the discourse. I have had the aim of not only to show how the genus discourse was possibly repeated but also how in different ways the dichotomy between men and women has been protested against. My main issues have therefore dealt with how gender is constructed in relationship to the term student and in connection to the discussion of women’s higher studies in Sweden under the period 1930-1970, both at societal level and locally in the university towns of Lund and Uppsala. When opening the universities to female students, the academic culture had for nearly 800 years been characterised entirely by the needs and norms of men. Once women were allowed at the Swedish universities, the opposition caused by their presence nevertheless came to remain. The law entitling women to more advanced studies were questioned, especially in times of unemployment amongst people with an academic degree. It also became apparent that many people at the universities and in the society at large could not easily cope with uniting the traditional image of femininity with being a student, traditionally adopted as a male role, leading to women often being portrayed as silly and keen on getting married or as old maids. This dissertation also illustrates the persistency of the constructions. Above all, the image of the female student as silly and keen on getting married remained until around 1970, although some people made attempts to refute the conception of women engaged in advanced academic studies as being unsuccessful as women, wives and mothers. These people instead emphasized an image of the female student as intelligent and feminine.},
  author       = {Carls Lindberg, Lina},
  isbn         = {91-89116-65-8},
  keyword      = {Contemporary history (since 1914),Gender and Academia,Gender History Female students,University History,Nutidshistoria (från 1914)},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {448},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x850e268)},
  title        = {Våp eller nucka? Kvinnors högre studier och genusdiskursen 1930-1970},
  year         = {2004},
}