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Adaptation of Workplaces and Homes for Disabled People Using Computer-Aided Design

Eriksson, Joakim LU and Johansson, Gerd LU (1996) In International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 17(2). p.153-162
Abstract
A computer-based tool has been developed to support the planning of adaptations for the physically disabled. The prototype development and evaluation were based on six case-studies, which also provided information on the needs and requirements in real-life planning situations. The tool was found useful in supporting an iterative planning process, where it is important to encourage and activate not only the disabled person, but also other people involved or affected. It was positively evaluated by the participants through its ability to enhance the understanding and encourage active participation. The tool was also found useful in supporting the planner's (e.g. an occupational therapist's) design and evaluation of aspects such as... (More)
A computer-based tool has been developed to support the planning of adaptations for the physically disabled. The prototype development and evaluation were based on six case-studies, which also provided information on the needs and requirements in real-life planning situations. The tool was found useful in supporting an iterative planning process, where it is important to encourage and activate not only the disabled person, but also other people involved or affected. It was positively evaluated by the participants through its ability to enhance the understanding and encourage active participation. The tool was also found useful in supporting the planner's (e.g. an occupational therapist's) design and evaluation of aspects such as accessibility, clearance and reach, taking into consideration an individual's size and abilities. The present prototype's effectiveness was not satisfactory as modelling was relatively time-consuming. Besides rationalising the 3-D modelling, future development should also include an improved measurement control, collision detection and a simplified control of view-angles and objects. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
mobility, design
in
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
volume
17
issue
2
pages
153 - 162
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • Scopus:0030038547
ISSN
0169-8141
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
531545e0-6230-4027-917a-bc8064c60429 (old id 2165272)
date added to LUP
2011-09-22 13:47:52
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:39:21
@misc{531545e0-6230-4027-917a-bc8064c60429,
  abstract     = {A computer-based tool has been developed to support the planning of adaptations for the physically disabled. The prototype development and evaluation were based on six case-studies, which also provided information on the needs and requirements in real-life planning situations. The tool was found useful in supporting an iterative planning process, where it is important to encourage and activate not only the disabled person, but also other people involved or affected. It was positively evaluated by the participants through its ability to enhance the understanding and encourage active participation. The tool was also found useful in supporting the planner's (e.g. an occupational therapist's) design and evaluation of aspects such as accessibility, clearance and reach, taking into consideration an individual's size and abilities. The present prototype's effectiveness was not satisfactory as modelling was relatively time-consuming. Besides rationalising the 3-D modelling, future development should also include an improved measurement control, collision detection and a simplified control of view-angles and objects.},
  author       = {Eriksson, Joakim and Johansson, Gerd},
  issn         = {0169-8141},
  keyword      = {mobility,design},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {153--162},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x8eddd30)},
  series       = {International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics},
  title        = {Adaptation of Workplaces and Homes for Disabled People Using Computer-Aided Design},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {1996},
}