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A priori modelling of an underground evacuation

Grindrod, Sam; Welch, Stephen and Fridolf, Karl LU (2011) Advanced Research Workshop: Evacuation and Human Behaviour in Emergency Situations, 2011 In [Host publication title missing] p.337-357
Abstract
“Can an engineer, using a current simulation modelling programs, produce evacuation flow rates of a live emergency evacuation a priori to the analyses of the evacuation?”



The above question is explored with reference to previous pre-evacuation modelling attempts and a new series of “small-scale” underground train evacuation experiments conducted under the METRO research project. METRO is concerned with infrastructure protection, specifically the protection of underground rail mass transport systems, encompassing fire and explosion hazards, evacuation, rescue operations and smoke control. The tests involve evacuation of approximately 40 occupants from a mock- up underground carriage and egress through a smoke-filled... (More)
“Can an engineer, using a current simulation modelling programs, produce evacuation flow rates of a live emergency evacuation a priori to the analyses of the evacuation?”



The above question is explored with reference to previous pre-evacuation modelling attempts and a new series of “small-scale” underground train evacuation experiments conducted under the METRO research project. METRO is concerned with infrastructure protection, specifically the protection of underground rail mass transport systems, encompassing fire and explosion hazards, evacuation, rescue operations and smoke control. The tests involve evacuation of approximately 40 occupants from a mock- up underground carriage and egress through a smoke-filled tunnel. The evacuation models were created using the Monte-Carlo human behaviour modelling program CRISP. A specific feature was developed to handle the impact of sudden change of height along the egress route. The process and assumptions made during the modelling are examined in order to highlight the issues which affect simulation capabilities and accuracy. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
[Host publication title missing]
editor
Capote, Jorge A. and Alvear, Daniel
pages
337 - 357
publisher
Service of Publications (University of Catabria)
conference name
Advanced Research Workshop: Evacuation and Human Behaviour in Emergency Situations, 2011
ISBN
978-84-86116-46-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d75b2f4d-13af-42f2-9fcf-447e2a5452a1 (old id 2223759)
date added to LUP
2011-12-06 13:18:48
date last changed
2016-04-16 07:15:20
@misc{d75b2f4d-13af-42f2-9fcf-447e2a5452a1,
  abstract     = {“Can an engineer, using a current simulation modelling programs, produce evacuation flow rates of a live emergency evacuation a priori to the analyses of the evacuation?”<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The above question is explored with reference to previous pre-evacuation modelling attempts and a new series of “small-scale” underground train evacuation experiments conducted under the METRO research project. METRO is concerned with infrastructure protection, specifically the protection of underground rail mass transport systems, encompassing fire and explosion hazards, evacuation, rescue operations and smoke control. The tests involve evacuation of approximately 40 occupants from a mock- up underground carriage and egress through a smoke-filled tunnel. The evacuation models were created using the Monte-Carlo human behaviour modelling program CRISP. A specific feature was developed to handle the impact of sudden change of height along the egress route. The process and assumptions made during the modelling are examined in order to highlight the issues which affect simulation capabilities and accuracy.},
  author       = {Grindrod, Sam and Welch, Stephen and Fridolf, Karl},
  editor       = {Capote, Jorge A. and Alvear, Daniel},
  isbn         = {978-84-86116-46-0},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {337--357},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x97df388)},
  series       = {[Host publication title missing]},
  title        = {A priori modelling of an underground evacuation},
  year         = {2011},
}