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Migration Patterns to and from Rural Villages in Duhok Governorate, Iraq, 2000-2010

Eklund, Lina LU (2011) The Middle East Studies Association Annual Meeting (MESA), 2011
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Undetermined

Migration is commonly associated with large scale movements of people, from one country to another, both in terms of refugee displacement and voluntary migration. The internal movement within countries is however less studied despite the fact that this is an important indicator for imbalance, national development and it is also crucial for planning the future of Iraq or Kurdistan. In Iraq, a major reason for migration has been security, due to its turbulent history since the 1980’s. This has caused a large scale displacement of Iraqi people. More recently, Kurdistan Region in Iraq has been stabilized leading to more voluntary migration, such as economic migration. This paper seeks to contribute with... (More)
Abstract in Undetermined

Migration is commonly associated with large scale movements of people, from one country to another, both in terms of refugee displacement and voluntary migration. The internal movement within countries is however less studied despite the fact that this is an important indicator for imbalance, national development and it is also crucial for planning the future of Iraq or Kurdistan. In Iraq, a major reason for migration has been security, due to its turbulent history since the 1980’s. This has caused a large scale displacement of Iraqi people. More recently, Kurdistan Region in Iraq has been stabilized leading to more voluntary migration, such as economic migration. This paper seeks to contribute with information on the internal and external movements in Duhok Governorate, looking at reasons for migration, characteristics of the migrants and the time for migration. Data on migration, environment and rural livelihoods was collected through 606 interviews in rural villages in Duhok Governorate. Additionally, 600 interviews were conducted in the urban areas of Duhok, Semel, Zakho and Amedi, to capture the rural to urban migration. The study found that economy is the main reason for migration, closely followed by family/marriage. There is a trend of urban to rural migration for households, contradicting common notions of urbanization. Individuals however are more prone to migrate abroad or from rural to urban areas. Environmental migration is low and can be explained by the low dependence on agriculture in the region. (Less)
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Contribution to conference
publication status
unpublished
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conference name
The Middle East Studies Association Annual Meeting (MESA), 2011
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3cd814c9-2c85-448f-8ac4-a3974060cafb (old id 2338177)
date added to LUP
2012-02-02 17:44:11
date last changed
2016-07-13 09:19:54
@misc{3cd814c9-2c85-448f-8ac4-a3974060cafb,
  abstract     = {<b>Abstract in Undetermined</b><br/><br>
Migration is commonly associated with large scale movements of people, from one country to another, both in terms of refugee displacement and voluntary migration. The internal movement within countries is however less studied despite the fact that this is an important indicator for imbalance, national development and it is also crucial for planning the future of Iraq or Kurdistan. In Iraq, a major reason for migration has been security, due to its turbulent history since the 1980’s. This has caused a large scale displacement of Iraqi people. More recently, Kurdistan Region in Iraq has been stabilized leading to more voluntary migration, such as economic migration. This paper seeks to contribute with information on the internal and external movements in Duhok Governorate, looking at reasons for migration, characteristics of the migrants and the time for migration. Data on migration, environment and rural livelihoods was collected through 606 interviews in rural villages in Duhok Governorate. Additionally, 600 interviews were conducted in the urban areas of Duhok, Semel, Zakho and Amedi, to capture the rural to urban migration. The study found that economy is the main reason for migration, closely followed by family/marriage. There is a trend of urban to rural migration for households, contradicting common notions of urbanization. Individuals however are more prone to migrate abroad or from rural to urban areas. Environmental migration is low and can be explained by the low dependence on agriculture in the region.},
  author       = {Eklund, Lina},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Migration Patterns to and from Rural Villages in Duhok Governorate, Iraq, 2000-2010},
  year         = {2011},
}