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Thermodynamics and Structure of Plate-Like Particle Dispersions

Delhorme, Maxime LU (2012)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in English

Most people see chemistry as an abstract and complicated subject because it deals with species that can not be seen with bare eyes. But if one think about it, chemistry is everywhere! Chemical processes happen all around you and inside you everyday : there is chemistry in the human body where proteins play a great role, in shampoo bottles, the toothpaste, in the cement that is used to build houses. Then it should not come as a surprise that so much effort are put into understanding chemical processes.



So what are those invisible species that chemistry is dealing with ? I can say with few doubts that everyone have heard about atoms and molecules (the latter being an assembly of... (More)
Popular Abstract in English

Most people see chemistry as an abstract and complicated subject because it deals with species that can not be seen with bare eyes. But if one think about it, chemistry is everywhere! Chemical processes happen all around you and inside you everyday : there is chemistry in the human body where proteins play a great role, in shampoo bottles, the toothpaste, in the cement that is used to build houses. Then it should not come as a surprise that so much effort are put into understanding chemical processes.



So what are those invisible species that chemistry is dealing with ? I can say with few doubts that everyone have heard about atoms and molecules (the latter being an assembly of atoms). Atoms and molecules are not always neutral species, i.e, they can carry an electrical charge (in this case atoms turn into ions). This transition from a neutral to a charged species can occur when the species are put into a solvent (like water). This is the case for example with salt that dissolves in water and form ions. Examples of molecules that becomes charged in an solvent are numerous : proteins, virus, polyeletrolytes ... But why is this electrical charge so important ? Like for magnets, where a positive pole will attract a negative one, the species will start to interact according to their charge. Among other factors like the shape of the particles, the role played by the charges in chemical processes is fundamental.

Physical chemistry focuses on the understanding of the behavior of such small particles (called collo\"idal particles) in solution.

Nevertheless, down to this scale, the experimental study of collo\"idal dispersions is not trivial. In this context computational chemistry happens to be very useful.

By the use of mathematical and physical models, one tries to simulate the results obtained by experiments and this way one can access properties that are not obtainable by other means. Hence, it is a complementary technique to experiments.



This thesis deals with simulations, using Metropolis Monte Carlo method, of mineral particles. In a first project I investigate how the number of charges on mineral particles varies when emerged into a salt solution. In a second project the influence of the charge carried by the particles in the formation of the gels and liquid-crystals is studied. One of the striking result is the discovery of new liquid crystal phases which could lead to the development of new materials. Finally I studied the growth of nanoplatelets and their interaction in conditions comparable to the one encountered in cement paste. (Less)
Abstract
A considerable amount of mineral particles are found to have a plate-like shape. The work in this thesis concerns theoretical investigations, using Monte Carlo method, of the properties of such particles in aqueous solutions. The objectives were first to create a model that could capture the essential physics of clay suspensions and also to understand the role of thermodynamics in certain chemical processes. For all investigations, the results are related to experimental studies.



The acid-base behavior of clays have been studied, using the primitive model, and an excellent agreement between simulated and experimental curves was found.



The formation of gel phases as a function of the charge anisotropy... (More)
A considerable amount of mineral particles are found to have a plate-like shape. The work in this thesis concerns theoretical investigations, using Monte Carlo method, of the properties of such particles in aqueous solutions. The objectives were first to create a model that could capture the essential physics of clay suspensions and also to understand the role of thermodynamics in certain chemical processes. For all investigations, the results are related to experimental studies.



The acid-base behavior of clays have been studied, using the primitive model, and an excellent agreement between simulated and experimental curves was found.



The formation of gel phases as a function of the charge anisotropy have also been investigated. Liquid-gel and sol-gel transitions are found to occur for high and moderate charge anisotropy respectively. There transitions were also found to be size and salt dependent. In absence of charge anisotropy, a liquid-glass transition is reported.

The formation of smectic and columnar liquid crystals phases with plate-like particles has been found to be favored by a strong charge anisotropy, in opposition to what was observed for nematic phases. New liquid-crystal phases were also reported.



The stability and growth of nanoplatelets is discussed. It was found that the internal Coulombic repulsion could be the cause of the limited growth of C-S-H platelets. The influence of thermodynamics on the aggregation mode of such platelets was also investigated. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Emanuela, Del gado, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Charge anisotropy, Gel phase, Model clay system, Liquid-crystal phases, Plate-like particles, Simulations, Statistical mechanics
pages
142 pages
publisher
Department of Chemistry, Lund University
defense location
Lecture hall B, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund
defense date
2012-05-24 10:30
ISBN
978-91-7422-301-9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
759ed977-6856-4a4f-a81c-6353880b9df3 (old id 2518679)
date added to LUP
2012-05-03 11:23:14
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:13
@misc{759ed977-6856-4a4f-a81c-6353880b9df3,
  abstract     = {A considerable amount of mineral particles are found to have a plate-like shape. The work in this thesis concerns theoretical investigations, using Monte Carlo method, of the properties of such particles in aqueous solutions. The objectives were first to create a model that could capture the essential physics of clay suspensions and also to understand the role of thermodynamics in certain chemical processes. For all investigations, the results are related to experimental studies.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The acid-base behavior of clays have been studied, using the primitive model, and an excellent agreement between simulated and experimental curves was found.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The formation of gel phases as a function of the charge anisotropy have also been investigated. Liquid-gel and sol-gel transitions are found to occur for high and moderate charge anisotropy respectively. There transitions were also found to be size and salt dependent. In absence of charge anisotropy, a liquid-glass transition is reported.<br/><br>
The formation of smectic and columnar liquid crystals phases with plate-like particles has been found to be favored by a strong charge anisotropy, in opposition to what was observed for nematic phases. New liquid-crystal phases were also reported.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The stability and growth of nanoplatelets is discussed. It was found that the internal Coulombic repulsion could be the cause of the limited growth of C-S-H platelets. The influence of thermodynamics on the aggregation mode of such platelets was also investigated.},
  author       = {Delhorme, Maxime},
  isbn         = {978-91-7422-301-9},
  keyword      = {Charge anisotropy,Gel phase,Model clay system,Liquid-crystal phases,Plate-like particles,Simulations,Statistical mechanics},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {142},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x8e71308)},
  title        = {Thermodynamics and Structure of Plate-Like Particle Dispersions},
  year         = {2012},
}