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Das deutsche Präsens : Tempus der Nichtvergangenheit

Ek, Britt-Marie LU (1996) In Lunder germanistische Forschungen 59.
Abstract
The aim of this thesis is to argue for the definition of the German present tense as a non-past tense. Three descriptive levels are distinguished: the semantic, the conceptual and the "level of reality" ( "Wirklichkeitsebene" ). It is assumed that there is no 1:1 correspondence between the semantic and the conceptual level. The former divides time into two temporal spheres: the past and the non-past, while the conceptual levei consists of three parts: past, present and future time. The semantic structure of the present tense ( Nichtvergangenheitsbereich ) depicts two of them, i.e. present and future time.



The Nichtvergangenheitsbereich indicates to which section on the time scale the utterance refers to. This section can... (More)
The aim of this thesis is to argue for the definition of the German present tense as a non-past tense. Three descriptive levels are distinguished: the semantic, the conceptual and the "level of reality" ( "Wirklichkeitsebene" ). It is assumed that there is no 1:1 correspondence between the semantic and the conceptual level. The former divides time into two temporal spheres: the past and the non-past, while the conceptual levei consists of three parts: past, present and future time. The semantic structure of the present tense ( Nichtvergangenheitsbereich ) depicts two of them, i.e. present and future time.



The Nichtvergangenheitsbereich indicates to which section on the time scale the utterance refers to. This section can be further restricted by i.a. time adverbials (at the semantic level) or by context. In a speech situation, the time of utterance is associated with the conceptual sphere of present time.



The description of the present tense as a non-past tense does not imply that the situation described is fully included into the non-past sphere. The only restriction is that the situation cannot be regarded as entirely belonging to the past.



A specific component of this present tense model is the term Zeitbild (image of time) which represents the speaker's/hearer's knowledge as regards the time at which the situation takes place. This knowledge, which need not be identical with the objective time of the situation described, determines the choice of tense. In particular, the explanation of the present tense combined with a time adverbial, such as heute, dieses Jahr , benefits from the distinction between Zeitbild and objective time. The analysis of this combination is based on a large number of empirical data.



Several uses of the present tense for past situations, e.g. historical present, are regarded as temporally marked. The situation referred to is seen as an object existing in the speaker's here and now ( Bildfunktion ).



Finally, present tense in indirect speech is dealt with. In indirect speech some ungrammatical combinations of present tense and adverbials denoting past time like gestern , constitute additional support for the hypothesis that the German present tense is a non-past tense. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • unknown], [unknown
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
historical present, image of time, deictic time adverbials, conceptual structure, German present tense, non-past tense, German language and literatur, Tyska (språk och litteratur)
in
Lunder germanistische Forschungen
volume
59
pages
154 pages
defense location
Hörsaal 339 des germanistischen Instituts in deutscher Sprache statt.
defense date
2006-05-11 10:15
external identifiers
  • Other:ISRN: LUHSDF/HSTY--96/lO10--SE+154
ISSN
0348-2146
ISBN
91-22-01706-2
language
German
LU publication?
yes
id
16965e3d-5508-4332-8122-cdd8edda937a (old id 27636)
date added to LUP
2007-06-05 14:55:08
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:01
@misc{16965e3d-5508-4332-8122-cdd8edda937a,
  abstract     = {The aim of this thesis is to argue for the definition of the German present tense as a non-past tense. Three descriptive levels are distinguished: the semantic, the conceptual and the "level of reality" ( "Wirklichkeitsebene" ). It is assumed that there is no 1:1 correspondence between the semantic and the conceptual level. The former divides time into two temporal spheres: the past and the non-past, while the conceptual levei consists of three parts: past, present and future time. The semantic structure of the present tense ( Nichtvergangenheitsbereich ) depicts two of them, i.e. present and future time.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The Nichtvergangenheitsbereich indicates to which section on the time scale the utterance refers to. This section can be further restricted by i.a. time adverbials (at the semantic level) or by context. In a speech situation, the time of utterance is associated with the conceptual sphere of present time.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The description of the present tense as a non-past tense does not imply that the situation described is fully included into the non-past sphere. The only restriction is that the situation cannot be regarded as entirely belonging to the past.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
A specific component of this present tense model is the term Zeitbild (image of time) which represents the speaker's/hearer's knowledge as regards the time at which the situation takes place. This knowledge, which need not be identical with the objective time of the situation described, determines the choice of tense. In particular, the explanation of the present tense combined with a time adverbial, such as heute, dieses Jahr , benefits from the distinction between Zeitbild and objective time. The analysis of this combination is based on a large number of empirical data.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Several uses of the present tense for past situations, e.g. historical present, are regarded as temporally marked. The situation referred to is seen as an object existing in the speaker's here and now ( Bildfunktion ).<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Finally, present tense in indirect speech is dealt with. In indirect speech some ungrammatical combinations of present tense and adverbials denoting past time like gestern , constitute additional support for the hypothesis that the German present tense is a non-past tense.},
  author       = {Ek, Britt-Marie},
  isbn         = {91-22-01706-2},
  issn         = {0348-2146},
  keyword      = {historical present,image of time,deictic time adverbials,conceptual structure,German present tense,non-past tense,German language and literatur,Tyska (språk och litteratur)},
  language     = {ger},
  pages        = {154},
  series       = {Lunder germanistische Forschungen},
  title        = {Das deutsche Präsens : Tempus der Nichtvergangenheit},
  volume       = {59},
  year         = {1996},
}