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Smuggling of asylum-seekers and criminal justice

Stoyanova, Vladislava LU (2012) In Refugee Law Initiative working paper series
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Undetermined

The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the legal implications for asylum-seekers flowing from their resort to falsified documents as a method of gaining access to the territory of asylum countries. Article 31(1) of the Refugee Convention is supposed to act as a shield against punishment for illegal entry. However, the paper identifies four issues relating to the application of Article 31 which make the functioning of the shield difficult. The first issue relates to the procedure of applying Article 31 and in particular the interrelationship between the refugee status determination procedure and the criminal procedure initiated as a result of usage of false document. The second issue is how... (More)
Abstract in Undetermined

The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the legal implications for asylum-seekers flowing from their resort to falsified documents as a method of gaining access to the territory of asylum countries. Article 31(1) of the Refugee Convention is supposed to act as a shield against punishment for illegal entry. However, the paper identifies four issues relating to the application of Article 31 which make the functioning of the shield difficult. The first issue relates to the procedure of applying Article 31 and in particular the interrelationship between the refugee status determination procedure and the criminal procedure initiated as a result of usage of false document. The second issue is how immigration control rationale permeates the criminal procedure and results in reversal of the burden to the detriment of the defendant/asylum-seeker. The third issue relates to the unavailability of proper legal advice and the ensuing repercussions for applying Article 31’s shield. And lastly, the application of the shield could be so belated that by the time when Article 31(1) is under consideration by appropriate judicial authority, asylum-seekers might not only have been recognized as refugees, but they have already been convicted and served the sentence. Thus, the system is designed in such a manner that immigration control prevails and indeed breaches are sanctioned. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Working Paper
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Article 31(1) of the Refugee Convention, criminal offences, false documents, human smuggling, refugees, asylum-seekers, availability of legal advice, mänskliga rättigheter, human rights
in
Refugee Law Initiative working paper series
issue
5
pages
24 pages
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b0bfdb3f-afeb-4ce0-847a-cd43728c472e (old id 2797305)
alternative location
http://www.sas.ac.uk/sites/default/files/files/RLI/RLI%20Working%20Paper%20No%205.pdf?referer=http%3A%2F%2Fworks.bepress.com%2Fvladislava_stoyanova%2F6%2F
date added to LUP
2012-06-18 15:39:19
date last changed
2016-04-16 12:35:21
@misc{b0bfdb3f-afeb-4ce0-847a-cd43728c472e,
  abstract     = {<b>Abstract in Undetermined</b><br/><br>
The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the legal implications for asylum-seekers flowing from their resort to falsified documents as a method of gaining access to the territory of asylum countries. Article 31(1) of the Refugee Convention is supposed to act as a shield against punishment for illegal entry. However, the paper identifies four issues relating to the application of Article 31 which make the functioning of the shield difficult. The first issue relates to the procedure of applying Article 31 and in particular the interrelationship between the refugee status determination procedure and the criminal procedure initiated as a result of usage of false document. The second issue is how immigration control rationale permeates the criminal procedure and results in reversal of the burden to the detriment of the defendant/asylum-seeker. The third issue relates to the unavailability of proper legal advice and the ensuing repercussions for applying Article 31’s shield. And lastly, the application of the shield could be so belated that by the time when Article 31(1) is under consideration by appropriate judicial authority, asylum-seekers might not only have been recognized as refugees, but they have already been convicted and served the sentence. Thus, the system is designed in such a manner that immigration control prevails and indeed breaches are sanctioned.},
  author       = {Stoyanova, Vladislava},
  keyword      = {Article 31(1) of the Refugee Convention,criminal offences,false documents,human smuggling,refugees,asylum-seekers,availability of legal advice,mänskliga rättigheter,human rights},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {24},
  series       = {Refugee Law Initiative working paper series},
  title        = {Smuggling of asylum-seekers and criminal justice},
  year         = {2012},
}