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Motståndets berättelser. Elin Wägner, Anna Lenah Elgström, Marika Stiernstedt och första världskriget

Qvarnström, Sofi LU (2009) In Skrifter utgivna av Avdelningen för litteratursociologi vid Litteraturvetenskapliga institutionen i Uppsala, 58
Abstract
War criticism is not just expressed in journalistic and academic writing or in political speeches, but also in literature, such as in novels and short stories. This dissertation analyzes how war criticism is formulated in Swedish fiction written during the First World War (1914–1918). The study combines perspectives from rhetorical, narrative and sociological theory and focuses on how writers resist war through literature, and what characterize these narratives of resistance, thematically and rhetorically.



After a general discussion of the anti-war prose in Sweden, the discussion is focused on the writings of Elin Wägner, Anna Lenah Elgström and Marika Stiernstedt. In addition to their fiction they criticized the war in... (More)
War criticism is not just expressed in journalistic and academic writing or in political speeches, but also in literature, such as in novels and short stories. This dissertation analyzes how war criticism is formulated in Swedish fiction written during the First World War (1914–1918). The study combines perspectives from rhetorical, narrative and sociological theory and focuses on how writers resist war through literature, and what characterize these narratives of resistance, thematically and rhetorically.



After a general discussion of the anti-war prose in Sweden, the discussion is focused on the writings of Elin Wägner, Anna Lenah Elgström and Marika Stiernstedt. In addition to their fiction they criticized the war in newspaper articles, pamphlets, lectures and travel books. These non-fictive genres are also an important part of their war criticism, and the comparison between genres is fundamental to the study.



The narratives of war become part of a broader criticism of the social order which includes questions of ethics, ideology, democracy and emancipation. The Swedish war criticism also reveals a struggle of ideologies and values where the opponents – conservatives against liberals and socialists – are not always as distanced from each other as first believed. If literature, following Kenneth Burke, is regarded as a way of naming and encompassing a situation, three main types of narratives can be distinguished: the narrative as witness, as accusation and as exhortation. Each is characterised by certain motives – representations of pain and suffering, of militarism and of the idea of peace – as well as by a particular rhetoric, such as the narrator’s visibility or strategies of identification.



The fictive works analyzed differ from the non-fictive ones by favouring a more pessimist outlook, but also a more searching and complex representation of war. Thereby, the ambiguities and parallel interpretations of fiction counteract a one-sided and superficial understanding of the war. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • FD Bergenmar, Jenny, Institutionen för litteratur, idéhistoria och religion, Göteborgs universitet
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
in
Skrifter utgivna av Avdelningen för litteratursociologi vid Litteraturvetenskapliga institutionen i Uppsala, 58
pages
453 pages
publisher
Gidlunds förlag
defense location
Geijersalen, Engelska parken, Uppsala universitet
defense date
2009-04-03 13:15
ISBN
978-91-784-4766-4
language
Swedish
LU publication?
no
id
d589f653-7fa3-43fd-b28a-1f453237aa9e (old id 3125372)
date added to LUP
2012-10-17 11:28:34
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:04
@misc{d589f653-7fa3-43fd-b28a-1f453237aa9e,
  abstract     = {War criticism is not just expressed in journalistic and academic writing or in political speeches, but also in literature, such as in novels and short stories. This dissertation analyzes how war criticism is formulated in Swedish fiction written during the First World War (1914–1918). The study combines perspectives from rhetorical, narrative and sociological theory and focuses on how writers resist war through literature, and what characterize these narratives of resistance, thematically and rhetorically.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
After a general discussion of the anti-war prose in Sweden, the discussion is focused on the writings of Elin Wägner, Anna Lenah Elgström and Marika Stiernstedt. In addition to their fiction they criticized the war in newspaper articles, pamphlets, lectures and travel books. These non-fictive genres are also an important part of their war criticism, and the comparison between genres is fundamental to the study.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The narratives of war become part of a broader criticism of the social order which includes questions of ethics, ideology, democracy and emancipation. The Swedish war criticism also reveals a struggle of ideologies and values where the opponents – conservatives against liberals and socialists – are not always as distanced from each other as first believed. If literature, following Kenneth Burke, is regarded as a way of naming and encompassing a situation, three main types of narratives can be distinguished: the narrative as witness, as accusation and as exhortation. Each is characterised by certain motives – representations of pain and suffering, of militarism and of the idea of peace – as well as by a particular rhetoric, such as the narrator’s visibility or strategies of identification.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The fictive works analyzed differ from the non-fictive ones by favouring a more pessimist outlook, but also a more searching and complex representation of war. Thereby, the ambiguities and parallel interpretations of fiction counteract a one-sided and superficial understanding of the war.},
  author       = {Qvarnström, Sofi},
  isbn         = {978-91-784-4766-4},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {453},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xa7dbf90)},
  series       = {Skrifter utgivna av Avdelningen för litteratursociologi vid Litteraturvetenskapliga institutionen i Uppsala, 58},
  title        = {Motståndets berättelser. Elin Wägner, Anna Lenah Elgström, Marika Stiernstedt och första världskriget},
  year         = {2009},
}