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Responses of reticulospinal neurons in the lamprey to lateral turns.

Nyström, Anastasia LU ; Zelenin, P V; Orlovsky, G N and Deliagina, T G (2007) In Journal of Neurophysiology 97(1). p.21-512
Abstract
When swimming, the lamprey maintains a definite orientation of its body in the vertical planes, in relation to the gravity vector, as the result of postural vestibular reflexes. Do the vestibular-driven mechanisms also play a role in the control of the direction of swimming in the horizontal (yaw) plane, in which the gravity cannot be used as a reference direction? In the present study, we addressed this question by recording responses to lateral turns in reticulospinal (RS) neurons mediating vestibulospinal reflexes. In intact lampreys, the activity of axons of RS neurons was recorded in the spinal cord by implanted electrodes. Vestibular stimulation was performed by periodical turns of the animal in the yaw plane (60 degrees peak to... (More)
When swimming, the lamprey maintains a definite orientation of its body in the vertical planes, in relation to the gravity vector, as the result of postural vestibular reflexes. Do the vestibular-driven mechanisms also play a role in the control of the direction of swimming in the horizontal (yaw) plane, in which the gravity cannot be used as a reference direction? In the present study, we addressed this question by recording responses to lateral turns in reticulospinal (RS) neurons mediating vestibulospinal reflexes. In intact lampreys, the activity of axons of RS neurons was recorded in the spinal cord by implanted electrodes. Vestibular stimulation was performed by periodical turns of the animal in the yaw plane (60 degrees peak to peak). It was found that the majority of responding RS neurons were activated by the contralateral turn. By removing one labyrinth, we found that yaw responses in RS neurons were driven mainly by input from the contralateral labyrinth. We suggest that these neurons, when activated by the contralateral turn, will elicit the ipsilateral turn and thus will compensate for perturbations of the rectilinear swimming caused by external factors. It is also known that unilateral eye illumination elicits a contralateral turn in the yaw plane (negative phototaxis). We found that a portion of RS neurons were activated by the contralateral eye illumination. By eliciting an ipsilateral turn, these neurons could mediate the negative phototaxis. (Less)
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@misc{ef33bbcf-a50f-4268-8111-fef1dc7145d4,
  abstract     = {When swimming, the lamprey maintains a definite orientation of its body in the vertical planes, in relation to the gravity vector, as the result of postural vestibular reflexes. Do the vestibular-driven mechanisms also play a role in the control of the direction of swimming in the horizontal (yaw) plane, in which the gravity cannot be used as a reference direction? In the present study, we addressed this question by recording responses to lateral turns in reticulospinal (RS) neurons mediating vestibulospinal reflexes. In intact lampreys, the activity of axons of RS neurons was recorded in the spinal cord by implanted electrodes. Vestibular stimulation was performed by periodical turns of the animal in the yaw plane (60 degrees peak to peak). It was found that the majority of responding RS neurons were activated by the contralateral turn. By removing one labyrinth, we found that yaw responses in RS neurons were driven mainly by input from the contralateral labyrinth. We suggest that these neurons, when activated by the contralateral turn, will elicit the ipsilateral turn and thus will compensate for perturbations of the rectilinear swimming caused by external factors. It is also known that unilateral eye illumination elicits a contralateral turn in the yaw plane (negative phototaxis). We found that a portion of RS neurons were activated by the contralateral eye illumination. By eliciting an ipsilateral turn, these neurons could mediate the negative phototaxis.},
  author       = {Nyström, Anastasia and Zelenin, P V and Orlovsky, G N and Deliagina, T G},
  issn         = {0022-3077},
  keyword      = {Spinal Cord,Rotation,Reticular Formation,Reflex,Physical Stimulation,Photic Stimulation,Orientation,Motor Neurons,Locomotion,Lampreys,Efferent Pathways,Action Potentials,Animals,Swimming,Vestibular Nuclei,Vestibule,Labyrinth,Visual Perception},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {21--512},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x945ca10)},
  series       = {Journal of Neurophysiology},
  title        = {Responses of reticulospinal neurons in the lamprey to lateral turns.},
  volume       = {97},
  year         = {2007},
}