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Towards an integration of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning and food web theory to evaluate relationships between multiple ecosystem services

Hines, Jes; van der Putten, Wim H.; De Deyn, Gerlinde B.; Wagg, Cameron; Voigt, Winfried; Mulder, Christian; Weisser, Wolfgang W.; Engel, Jan; Melian, Carlos and Scheu, Stefan, et al. (2015) In Advances in Ecological Research 53. p.161-199
Abstract

Ecosystem responses to changes in species diversity are often studied individually. However, changes in species diversity can simultaneously influence multiple interdependent ecosystem functions. Therefore, an important challenge is to determine when and how changes in species diversity that influence one function will also drive changes in other functions. By providing the underlying structure of species interactions, ecological networks can quantify connections between biodiversity and multiple ecosystem functions. Here, we review parallels in the conceptual development of biodiversity- ecosystem functioning (BEF) and food web theory (FWT) research. Subsequently, we evaluate three common principles that unite these two research areas... (More)

Ecosystem responses to changes in species diversity are often studied individually. However, changes in species diversity can simultaneously influence multiple interdependent ecosystem functions. Therefore, an important challenge is to determine when and how changes in species diversity that influence one function will also drive changes in other functions. By providing the underlying structure of species interactions, ecological networks can quantify connections between biodiversity and multiple ecosystem functions. Here, we review parallels in the conceptual development of biodiversity- ecosystem functioning (BEF) and food web theory (FWT) research. Subsequently, we evaluate three common principles that unite these two research areas by explaining the patterns, concentrations, and direction of the flux of nutrients and energy through the species in diverse interaction webs. We give examples of combined BEF-FWT approaches that can be used to identify vulnerable species and habitats and to evaluate links that drive trade-offs between multiple ecosystems functions. These combined approaches reflect promising trends towards better management of biodiversity in landscapes that provide essential ecosystem services supporting human well-being.

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Advances in Ecological Research
volume
53
pages
39 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84959254234
ISSN
0065-2504
DOI
10.1016/bs.aecr.2015.09.001
language
English
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yes
id
432d3cca-f939-4242-a7b4-08262c27ffac
date added to LUP
2016-09-26 08:19:03
date last changed
2016-11-03 10:04:41
@misc{432d3cca-f939-4242-a7b4-08262c27ffac,
  abstract     = {<p>Ecosystem responses to changes in species diversity are often studied individually. However, changes in species diversity can simultaneously influence multiple interdependent ecosystem functions. Therefore, an important challenge is to determine when and how changes in species diversity that influence one function will also drive changes in other functions. By providing the underlying structure of species interactions, ecological networks can quantify connections between biodiversity and multiple ecosystem functions. Here, we review parallels in the conceptual development of biodiversity- ecosystem functioning (BEF) and food web theory (FWT) research. Subsequently, we evaluate three common principles that unite these two research areas by explaining the patterns, concentrations, and direction of the flux of nutrients and energy through the species in diverse interaction webs. We give examples of combined BEF-FWT approaches that can be used to identify vulnerable species and habitats and to evaluate links that drive trade-offs between multiple ecosystems functions. These combined approaches reflect promising trends towards better management of biodiversity in landscapes that provide essential ecosystem services supporting human well-being.</p>},
  author       = {Hines, Jes and van der Putten, Wim H. and De Deyn, Gerlinde B. and Wagg, Cameron and Voigt, Winfried and Mulder, Christian and Weisser, Wolfgang W. and Engel, Jan and Melian, Carlos and Scheu, Stefan and Birkhofer, Klaus and Ebeling, Anne and Scherber, Christoph and Eisenhauer, Nico},
  issn         = {0065-2504},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {161--199},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xb30d468)},
  series       = {Advances in Ecological Research},
  title        = {Towards an integration of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning and food web theory to evaluate relationships between multiple ecosystem services},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2015.09.001},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2015},
}