Advanced

Counting the minutes - Measuring truck driver time efficiency

Prockl, Günter and Sternberg, Henrik LU (2013) World Conference on Transportation In [Host publication title missing]
Abstract
The performance of truck drivers is crucial to the sustainability, in particular profitability, of motor carrier operations. Despite this, driver efficiency has received scarce attention in the transport and logistics literature. While the literature has focused on mathematical optimization, generic logistics frameworks and conceptual technology applications, measurement of drivers’ efficiency has rarely been addressed. Given the importance of the drivers in transport operations, the purpose of this paper is to identify and define methods and measurements on driver efficiency. Furthermore, the purpose is to build a framework to classify previous literature and the measurements involved. This research has been inductive in its nature,... (More)
The performance of truck drivers is crucial to the sustainability, in particular profitability, of motor carrier operations. Despite this, driver efficiency has received scarce attention in the transport and logistics literature. While the literature has focused on mathematical optimization, generic logistics frameworks and conceptual technology applications, measurement of drivers’ efficiency has rarely been addressed. Given the importance of the drivers in transport operations, the purpose of this paper is to identify and define methods and measurements on driver efficiency. Furthermore, the purpose is to build a framework to classify previous literature and the measurements involved. This research has been inductive in its nature, departing from a literature review focused on various aspects of transport operations performance, driver control and measurement. The empirical data underlying this paper has been collected over 5 years throughout numerous projects in Germany, Sweden and Switzerland related to transport efficiency and summarizes the experiences made in these projects. In total, 80 drivers belonging to 22 motor carriers were measured using different types of participant observations and driver self-observation. The findings of this synthesis revealed first that driver measurement is scarce and virtually non-existent outside the boundaries of eco-driving. The findings indicate that driver self-observation is a reliable tool for measuring driver efficiency and that tacho-meter based approaches are unreliable. Finally, this paper gives novel insights on using smart-phones as tools to interact with the driver. The research impact of this work can be identified in two separate areas. Firstly, the paper addresses the need for a broader view on drivers’ efficiency, departing from previous fuel-centred approaches. Secondly the paper gives directions on how to re-interprete findings from previous literature that has used flawed tachometer-based approaches. On a strategical level, this paper advices the haulier industry to address drivers’ efficiency on a more holistic level then what has previously been done. Practitioners addressing driver efficiency will find important principles to guide their work in measuring drivers. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Motor carrier, haulier operations, driver control, driver performance, efficiency
in
[Host publication title missing]
editor
Orrico, Romulo
pages
13 pages
publisher
WCTRS
conference name
World Conference on Transportation
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e900c4de-5dd9-42bf-bbec-a75d2a713d97 (old id 4689736)
date added to LUP
2014-09-30 14:22:53
date last changed
2016-08-29 16:24:46
@misc{e900c4de-5dd9-42bf-bbec-a75d2a713d97,
  abstract     = {The performance of truck drivers is crucial to the sustainability, in particular profitability, of motor carrier operations. Despite this, driver efficiency has received scarce attention in the transport and logistics literature. While the literature has focused on mathematical optimization, generic logistics frameworks and conceptual technology applications, measurement of drivers’ efficiency has rarely been addressed. Given the importance of the drivers in transport operations, the purpose of this paper is to identify and define methods and measurements on driver efficiency. Furthermore, the purpose is to build a framework to classify previous literature and the measurements involved. This research has been inductive in its nature, departing from a literature review focused on various aspects of transport operations performance, driver control and measurement. The empirical data underlying this paper has been collected over 5 years throughout numerous projects in Germany, Sweden and Switzerland related to transport efficiency and summarizes the experiences made in these projects. In total, 80 drivers belonging to 22 motor carriers were measured using different types of participant observations and driver self-observation. The findings of this synthesis revealed first that driver measurement is scarce and virtually non-existent outside the boundaries of eco-driving. The findings indicate that driver self-observation is a reliable tool for measuring driver efficiency and that tacho-meter based approaches are unreliable. Finally, this paper gives novel insights on using smart-phones as tools to interact with the driver. The research impact of this work can be identified in two separate areas. Firstly, the paper addresses the need for a broader view on drivers’ efficiency, departing from previous fuel-centred approaches. Secondly the paper gives directions on how to re-interprete findings from previous literature that has used flawed tachometer-based approaches. On a strategical level, this paper advices the haulier industry to address drivers’ efficiency on a more holistic level then what has previously been done. Practitioners addressing driver efficiency will find important principles to guide their work in measuring drivers.},
  author       = {Prockl, Günter and Sternberg, Henrik},
  editor       = {Orrico, Romulo},
  keyword      = {Motor carrier,haulier operations,driver control,driver performance,efficiency},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {13},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9a47ae8)},
  series       = {[Host publication title missing]},
  title        = {Counting the minutes - Measuring truck driver time efficiency},
  year         = {2013},
}