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Technology shifts and reallocation of labour: On the role of leading industries

Martynovich, Mikhail LU and Lundquist, Karl-Johan LU (2014) Geography of Innovation 2014 Conference
Abstract
In our paper we address a gap in the literature, identified by Silverberg (2007), who claims that we miss an objective criteria for identifying leading sectors associated with technology-induced structural change and measuring their effects on functioning of the economy. In particular, we analyse the role of leading industries in labour reallocation across regions as a mechanism of smoothing regional labour market disparities in times of industrial restructuring. In addressing the issue we try to bridge insights from macro-evolutionary economic geography with labour economics’ perspective on labour mobility as a response mechanism to economic shocks. Our findings suggest that (1) an industrial structure of a region, and, particularly, a... (More)
In our paper we address a gap in the literature, identified by Silverberg (2007), who claims that we miss an objective criteria for identifying leading sectors associated with technology-induced structural change and measuring their effects on functioning of the economy. In particular, we analyse the role of leading industries in labour reallocation across regions as a mechanism of smoothing regional labour market disparities in times of industrial restructuring. In addressing the issue we try to bridge insights from macro-evolutionary economic geography with labour economics’ perspective on labour mobility as a response mechanism to economic shocks. Our findings suggest that (1) an industrial structure of a region, and, particularly, a presence of leading industries, which are driving structural change induced by introduction of ICT, played an important role in shaping patterns of inter-regional labour mobility in Sweden since 1985; (2) it is service branches that seem to be a major driver behind shaping labour mobility patterns while manufacturing has only a minor role mostly by helping to retain workers in a region; (3) an employment structure in a region plays a greater role than its size in terms of attracting/retaining workers in the region. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to conference
publication status
unpublished
subject
keywords
structural change, technology shift, labour reallocation, adjustment, industrial restructuring, leading industries
conference name
Geography of Innovation 2014 Conference
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0c8458f5-c092-4b89-aa62-5db7cb818879 (old id 4938167)
date added to LUP
2015-01-21 14:07:36
date last changed
2016-04-16 11:52:25
@misc{0c8458f5-c092-4b89-aa62-5db7cb818879,
  abstract     = {In our paper we address a gap in the literature, identified by Silverberg (2007), who claims that we miss an objective criteria for identifying leading sectors associated with technology-induced structural change and measuring their effects on functioning of the economy. In particular, we analyse the role of leading industries in labour reallocation across regions as a mechanism of smoothing regional labour market disparities in times of industrial restructuring. In addressing the issue we try to bridge insights from macro-evolutionary economic geography with labour economics’ perspective on labour mobility as a response mechanism to economic shocks. Our findings suggest that (1) an industrial structure of a region, and, particularly, a presence of leading industries, which are driving structural change induced by introduction of ICT, played an important role in shaping patterns of inter-regional labour mobility in Sweden since 1985; (2) it is service branches that seem to be a major driver behind shaping labour mobility patterns while manufacturing has only a minor role mostly by helping to retain workers in a region; (3) an employment structure in a region plays a greater role than its size in terms of attracting/retaining workers in the region.},
  author       = {Martynovich, Mikhail and Lundquist, Karl-Johan},
  keyword      = {structural change,technology shift,labour reallocation,adjustment,industrial restructuring,leading industries},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Technology shifts and reallocation of labour: On the role of leading industries},
  year         = {2014},
}