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Neighborhood linking social capital as a predictor of drug abuse : A Swedish national cohort study

Sundquist, Jan LU ; Sjöstedt, Cecilia LU ; Winkleby, Marilyn LU ; Li, Xinjun LU ; Kendler, Kenneth S. and Sundquist, Kristina LU (2016) In Addictive Behaviors 63. p.37-44
Abstract

Aims This study examines the association between the incidence of drug abuse (DA) and linking (communal) social capital, a theoretical concept describing the amount of trust between individuals and societal institutions. Methods We present results from an 8-year population-based cohort study that followed all residents in Sweden, aged 15–44, from 2003 through 2010, for a total of 1,700,896 men and 1,642,798 women. Linking social capital was conceptualized as the proportion of people in a geographically defined neighborhood who voted in local government elections. Multilevel logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and between-neighborhood variance. Results We found robust associations between linking social capital and... (More)

Aims This study examines the association between the incidence of drug abuse (DA) and linking (communal) social capital, a theoretical concept describing the amount of trust between individuals and societal institutions. Methods We present results from an 8-year population-based cohort study that followed all residents in Sweden, aged 15–44, from 2003 through 2010, for a total of 1,700,896 men and 1,642,798 women. Linking social capital was conceptualized as the proportion of people in a geographically defined neighborhood who voted in local government elections. Multilevel logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and between-neighborhood variance. Results We found robust associations between linking social capital and DA in men and women. For men, the OR for DA in the crude model was 2.11 [95% confidence interval (CI) 2.02–2.21] for those living in neighborhoods with the lowest vs. highest level of social capital. After accounting for neighborhood level deprivation, the OR fell to 1.59 (1.51–1-68). The ORs remained significant after accounting for age, family income, marital status, country of birth, education level, and region of residence, and after further accounting for comorbidities and family history of comorbidities and family history of DA. For women, the OR decreased from 2.15 (2.03–2.27) in the crude model to 1.31 (1.22–1.40) in the final model, adjusted for multiple neighborhood-level, individual-level variables, and family history for DA. Conclusions Our study suggests that low linking social capital may have significant independent effects on DA.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Drug abuse, Linking social capital, Neighborhood, Socioeconomic factors
in
Addictive Behaviors
volume
63
pages
8 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84978259240
ISSN
0306-4603
DOI
10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.07.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4d6b8cd4-6ad0-489a-84e5-f4bc56aea86e
date added to LUP
2016-07-25 14:43:59
date last changed
2016-12-05 15:15:27
@misc{4d6b8cd4-6ad0-489a-84e5-f4bc56aea86e,
  abstract     = {<p>Aims This study examines the association between the incidence of drug abuse (DA) and linking (communal) social capital, a theoretical concept describing the amount of trust between individuals and societal institutions. Methods We present results from an 8-year population-based cohort study that followed all residents in Sweden, aged 15–44, from 2003 through 2010, for a total of 1,700,896 men and 1,642,798 women. Linking social capital was conceptualized as the proportion of people in a geographically defined neighborhood who voted in local government elections. Multilevel logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and between-neighborhood variance. Results We found robust associations between linking social capital and DA in men and women. For men, the OR for DA in the crude model was 2.11 [95% confidence interval (CI) 2.02–2.21] for those living in neighborhoods with the lowest vs. highest level of social capital. After accounting for neighborhood level deprivation, the OR fell to 1.59 (1.51–1-68). The ORs remained significant after accounting for age, family income, marital status, country of birth, education level, and region of residence, and after further accounting for comorbidities and family history of comorbidities and family history of DA. For women, the OR decreased from 2.15 (2.03–2.27) in the crude model to 1.31 (1.22–1.40) in the final model, adjusted for multiple neighborhood-level, individual-level variables, and family history for DA. Conclusions Our study suggests that low linking social capital may have significant independent effects on DA.</p>},
  author       = {Sundquist, Jan and Sjöstedt, Cecilia and Winkleby, Marilyn and Li, Xinjun and Kendler, Kenneth S. and Sundquist, Kristina},
  issn         = {0306-4603},
  keyword      = {Drug abuse,Linking social capital,Neighborhood,Socioeconomic factors},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  pages        = {37--44},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xbd4e0f8)},
  series       = {Addictive Behaviors},
  title        = {Neighborhood linking social capital as a predictor of drug abuse : A Swedish national cohort study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.07.002},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2016},
}