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Fortresses, Storehouses and Symbols - ambiguous churches of the Baltic Sea

Wienberg, Jes LU (2004) In Culture clash or compromise 8. p.35-50
Abstract
Fortresses, Storehouses and Symbols - ambiguous churches of the Baltic Sea: Källa on Öland is used as a point of departure in a discussion of the so-called defensive churches or multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea. The categorization of medieval society into four separate spheres, the church, the castle, the town and the countryside, is criticised as having created a heterogenous group of deviant churches. The deviant churches have been interpreted in three competitive perspectives: 1) defense, 2) profane function and 3) symbolic form. However, to understand the deviant churches it is necessary to combine the perspectives. The multi-functional churches represented a fusion, where the sacred and the profane were integrated. The... (More)
Fortresses, Storehouses and Symbols - ambiguous churches of the Baltic Sea: Källa on Öland is used as a point of departure in a discussion of the so-called defensive churches or multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea. The categorization of medieval society into four separate spheres, the church, the castle, the town and the countryside, is criticised as having created a heterogenous group of deviant churches. The deviant churches have been interpreted in three competitive perspectives: 1) defense, 2) profane function and 3) symbolic form. However, to understand the deviant churches it is necessary to combine the perspectives. The multi-functional churches represented a fusion, where the sacred and the profane were integrated. The whole point was, that a broad specter of functions such as hostelry, residence and store were made sacred by being integrated in the church building or church yard. Most of the multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea belong to the period c. 1170-1240 and might be connected to the Danish empire, the crusades and the Saint Canute Guilds. When peace broke down in the 1240s, some of the multi-functional churches were symbolically fortified as also several towns and many manors. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Medieval churches, crusades
in
Culture clash or compromise
editor
Kattinger, Detlef; Olesen, Jens E. and Wernicke, Horst
volume
8
pages
16 pages
publisher
Thomas Helms Verlag
ISBN
3-935749-35-X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a98ecc76-9a7f-409a-9190-a3ecf5eb4614 (old id 533064)
date added to LUP
2007-12-11 15:35:31
date last changed
2016-05-09 14:30:39
@misc{a98ecc76-9a7f-409a-9190-a3ecf5eb4614,
  abstract     = {Fortresses, Storehouses and Symbols - ambiguous churches of the Baltic Sea: Källa on Öland is used as a point of departure in a discussion of the so-called defensive churches or multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea. The categorization of medieval society into four separate spheres, the church, the castle, the town and the countryside, is criticised as having created a heterogenous group of deviant churches. The deviant churches have been interpreted in three competitive perspectives: 1) defense, 2) profane function and 3) symbolic form. However, to understand the deviant churches it is necessary to combine the perspectives. The multi-functional churches represented a fusion, where the sacred and the profane were integrated. The whole point was, that a broad specter of functions such as hostelry, residence and store were made sacred by being integrated in the church building or church yard. Most of the multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea belong to the period c. 1170-1240 and might be connected to the Danish empire, the crusades and the Saint Canute Guilds. When peace broke down in the 1240s, some of the multi-functional churches were symbolically fortified as also several towns and many manors.},
  author       = {Wienberg, Jes},
  editor       = {Kattinger, Detlef and Olesen, Jens E. and Wernicke, Horst},
  isbn         = {3-935749-35-X},
  keyword      = {Medieval churches,crusades},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {35--50},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x807ccc0)},
  series       = {Culture clash or compromise},
  title        = {Fortresses, Storehouses and Symbols - ambiguous churches of the Baltic Sea},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2004},
}