Advanced

How many times can the forest fibre be recycled?

Jönson, Gunilla LU and Nyberg, Lars (2000)
Abstract
Market forces and legislation push the recovery of used material as part of developing a sustainable society. Materials made of forest fibres have the advantage compared to other materials that they are easy to recycle. It saves resources. Production of paper based on used fibres uses also less energy than paper containing new fibres.



The market focus on recovery makes it a reasonable assumption, that fibres of varying age will circulate in the forest fibre system. It is also reasonable to assume that the properties of the raw material are not constant using these fibres. Instead the fibre properties are influenced by their previous history. Any fibre mix has therefore to be evaluated before used in new paper, where the... (More)
Market forces and legislation push the recovery of used material as part of developing a sustainable society. Materials made of forest fibres have the advantage compared to other materials that they are easy to recycle. It saves resources. Production of paper based on used fibres uses also less energy than paper containing new fibres.



The market focus on recovery makes it a reasonable assumption, that fibres of varying age will circulate in the forest fibre system. It is also reasonable to assume that the properties of the raw material are not constant using these fibres. Instead the fibre properties are influenced by their previous history. Any fibre mix has therefore to be evaluated before used in new paper, where the requirements of small variations in paper properties are great.



Literature studies have concluded that the knowledge about the fibre age is very limited as well as the yield function depending on age distribution of fibres. Still it is often claimed that a forest fibre can be recycled six times before loosing its performance properties. In a new study different yield scenarios have been analysed. Actual data from paper manufacturing mills have also been studied.



The conclusion drawn from the study is that the likelihood a forest fibre is recycled six times is not great. More likely, the forest fibres will be recycled two to three times. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to conference
publication status
published
subject
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7589a9ef-f4b0-4b27-96e3-5dc47be23f58 (old id 541324)
date added to LUP
2007-09-20 16:38:18
date last changed
2016-04-16 11:12:02
@misc{7589a9ef-f4b0-4b27-96e3-5dc47be23f58,
  abstract     = {Market forces and legislation push the recovery of used material as part of developing a sustainable society. Materials made of forest fibres have the advantage compared to other materials that they are easy to recycle. It saves resources. Production of paper based on used fibres uses also less energy than paper containing new fibres.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The market focus on recovery makes it a reasonable assumption, that fibres of varying age will circulate in the forest fibre system. It is also reasonable to assume that the properties of the raw material are not constant using these fibres. Instead the fibre properties are influenced by their previous history. Any fibre mix has therefore to be evaluated before used in new paper, where the requirements of small variations in paper properties are great.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Literature studies have concluded that the knowledge about the fibre age is very limited as well as the yield function depending on age distribution of fibres. Still it is often claimed that a forest fibre can be recycled six times before loosing its performance properties. In a new study different yield scenarios have been analysed. Actual data from paper manufacturing mills have also been studied. <br/><br>
<br/><br>
The conclusion drawn from the study is that the likelihood a forest fibre is recycled six times is not great. More likely, the forest fibres will be recycled two to three times.},
  author       = {Jönson, Gunilla and Nyberg, Lars},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {How many times can the forest fibre be recycled?},
  year         = {2000},
}