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Use of Thermal Manikins in International Standards

Holmér, Ingvar LU (2006) The 6th International Thermal Manikins and Modelling Meeting (6I3M) In Thermal Manikins and Modelling p.19-24
Abstract
The first standards based on thermal manikin measurements were developed in the 1980s. In the Nordic countries tests for thermal insulation measurements of sleeping bags and cold protective clothing were developed. Similar standards were published in Germany by DIN and in the US by ASTM. At a European level, EN 342 describes test methods and requirements for cold protective clothing based on manikin measurements. EN 511 describes a method for determining glove insulation using a thermal hand model. In 2005 ASTM published a standard for determining water vapour resistance with a sweating manikin. ISO 9920 already described in 1992 how clothing insulation could be measured with a thermal manikin. This procedure, however, is more precisely... (More)
The first standards based on thermal manikin measurements were developed in the 1980s. In the Nordic countries tests for thermal insulation measurements of sleeping bags and cold protective clothing were developed. Similar standards were published in Germany by DIN and in the US by ASTM. At a European level, EN 342 describes test methods and requirements for cold protective clothing based on manikin measurements. EN 511 describes a method for determining glove insulation using a thermal hand model. In 2005 ASTM published a standard for determining water vapour resistance with a sweating manikin. ISO 9920 already described in 1992 how clothing insulation could be measured with a thermal manikin. This procedure, however, is more precisely specified in ISO 15831 published in 2003. Another field of application for thermal manikins is the evaluation of thermal environments. In particular, the automobile industry has shown great interest in using manikins for vehicle climate evaluation. An international standard, ISO/DIS 14505, dealing with this particular application is on the way. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Thermal Manikins and Modelling
editor
Fan, Jintu
pages
6 pages
publisher
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
conference name
The 6th International Thermal Manikins and Modelling Meeting (6I3M)
external identifiers
  • WOS:000245322500002
ISBN
978-962-367-534-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
60a1a30d-bc39-49d9-8de3-2395f8345aa9 (old id 699576)
date added to LUP
2009-07-10 09:51:30
date last changed
2016-04-16 10:07:35
@misc{60a1a30d-bc39-49d9-8de3-2395f8345aa9,
  abstract     = {The first standards based on thermal manikin measurements were developed in the 1980s. In the Nordic countries tests for thermal insulation measurements of sleeping bags and cold protective clothing were developed. Similar standards were published in Germany by DIN and in the US by ASTM. At a European level, EN 342 describes test methods and requirements for cold protective clothing based on manikin measurements. EN 511 describes a method for determining glove insulation using a thermal hand model. In 2005 ASTM published a standard for determining water vapour resistance with a sweating manikin. ISO 9920 already described in 1992 how clothing insulation could be measured with a thermal manikin. This procedure, however, is more precisely specified in ISO 15831 published in 2003. Another field of application for thermal manikins is the evaluation of thermal environments. In particular, the automobile industry has shown great interest in using manikins for vehicle climate evaluation. An international standard, ISO/DIS 14505, dealing with this particular application is on the way.},
  author       = {Holmér, Ingvar},
  editor       = {Fan, Jintu},
  isbn         = {978-962-367-534-5},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {19--24},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xa49c430)},
  series       = {Thermal Manikins and Modelling},
  title        = {Use of Thermal Manikins in International Standards},
  year         = {2006},
}