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Slip resistant properties of footwear on ice

Gao, Chuansi LU ; Abeysekera, John; Hirvonen, Mikko and Grönqvist, Raoul (2004) In Ergonomics 47(6). p.710-716
Abstract
Current research on slipperiness of footwear has mainly focused on floors and lubricated floors. Slips and falls on icy and snowy surfaces involve not only outdoor workers, but also pedestrians and the general public; and occur in cold regions and in winter season in many parts of the world. However, in comparison with the size of the problem, research on slips and falls on icy and snowy surfaces has been scarce. The objective of this paper is to explore the slip resistant properties of footwear (soling materials, roughness and hardness) on ice. The

coefficients of kinetic friction of four different soling materials (synthetic rubber, nitrile rubber, natural rubber and polyurethane) were measured on ice (-12 C).

The... (More)
Current research on slipperiness of footwear has mainly focused on floors and lubricated floors. Slips and falls on icy and snowy surfaces involve not only outdoor workers, but also pedestrians and the general public; and occur in cold regions and in winter season in many parts of the world. However, in comparison with the size of the problem, research on slips and falls on icy and snowy surfaces has been scarce. The objective of this paper is to explore the slip resistant properties of footwear (soling materials, roughness and hardness) on ice. The

coefficients of kinetic friction of four different soling materials (synthetic rubber, nitrile rubber, natural rubber and polyurethane) were measured on ice (-12 C).

The outsole roughness and hardness were also measured. Results showed that the polyurethane soling did not perform better than synthetic rubber, nitrile rubber

and natural rubber on pure hard ice (-12 C). Soling roughness was positively correlated with the coefficient of kinetic friction. The most slip resistant soling

material (polyurethane) on floors and lubricated floors may not provide sufficient slip resistance on ice. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Roughness., Ice, Footwear, Coefficient of friction
in
Ergonomics
volume
47
issue
6
pages
710 - 716
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • Scopus:1842726511
ISSN
0014-0139
DOI
10.1080/00140130410001658673
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
67367f7b-3fdf-4975-bfa0-593182e05123 (old id 699631)
alternative location
http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content?content=10.1080/00140130410001658673
date added to LUP
2007-12-12 15:40:40
date last changed
2016-11-20 04:25:12
@misc{67367f7b-3fdf-4975-bfa0-593182e05123,
  abstract     = {Current research on slipperiness of footwear has mainly focused on floors and lubricated floors. Slips and falls on icy and snowy surfaces involve not only outdoor workers, but also pedestrians and the general public; and occur in cold regions and in winter season in many parts of the world. However, in comparison with the size of the problem, research on slips and falls on icy and snowy surfaces has been scarce. The objective of this paper is to explore the slip resistant properties of footwear (soling materials, roughness and hardness) on ice. The<br/><br>
coefficients of kinetic friction of four different soling materials (synthetic rubber, nitrile rubber, natural rubber and polyurethane) were measured on ice (-12 C).<br/><br>
The outsole roughness and hardness were also measured. Results showed that the polyurethane soling did not perform better than synthetic rubber, nitrile rubber<br/><br>
and natural rubber on pure hard ice (-12 C). Soling roughness was positively correlated with the coefficient of kinetic friction. The most slip resistant soling<br/><br>
material (polyurethane) on floors and lubricated floors may not provide sufficient slip resistance on ice.},
  author       = {Gao, Chuansi and Abeysekera, John and Hirvonen, Mikko and Grönqvist, Raoul},
  issn         = {0014-0139},
  keyword      = {Roughness.,Ice,Footwear,Coefficient of friction},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {710--716},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x7c58968)},
  series       = {Ergonomics},
  title        = {Slip resistant properties of footwear on ice},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140130410001658673},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2004},
}