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What is drought? The scientific understanding of drought: the primary step towards resolving Iran's water crisis

Khatami, Sina LU and Madani, Kaveh LU (2015) In Etemad Daily Newspaper, No. 3193 p.7-7
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Uncoded languages

In this article we discuss four basic approaches to characterising droughts namely meteorological, hydrological, agricultural, and socioeconomic. In the first three approaches, drought is defined and measured as a physical phenomenon primarily related to the precipitation shortfall. Socioeconomic drought, nonetheless, is described and determined as the 'supply' and 'demand' in terms of water shortage in different socioeconomic systems. The specific case of Iran’s drought and water crisis is the main focus of this article, and is briefly compared to California’s ongoing drought. In cases such as Iran, the socioeconomic drought is a result of inefficient and unsustainable management of water... (More)
Abstract in Uncoded languages

In this article we discuss four basic approaches to characterising droughts namely meteorological, hydrological, agricultural, and socioeconomic. In the first three approaches, drought is defined and measured as a physical phenomenon primarily related to the precipitation shortfall. Socioeconomic drought, nonetheless, is described and determined as the 'supply' and 'demand' in terms of water shortage in different socioeconomic systems. The specific case of Iran’s drought and water crisis is the main focus of this article, and is briefly compared to California’s ongoing drought. In cases such as Iran, the socioeconomic drought is a result of inefficient and unsustainable management of water resources. Therefore, we cannot simply associate droughts with climate variability and/or change. Furthermore, due to large uncertainties in climate modelling and water management scenarios, long-term prediction of drought is impossible. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to specialist publication or newspaper
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sustainability, Water Resouces Management, Environmental Policy, Middle East, Hydrology, Socioeconomic drought, Water Resources, Iran, Drought
categories
Popular Science
in
Etemad Daily Newspaper, No. 3193
pages
7 - 7
language
Other
LU publication?
yes
id
261d1ab1-dc72-431d-939d-721230a699dc (old id 7760945)
alternative location
http://etemadnewspaper.ir/?News_Id=9983
http://etemadnewspaper.ir/1393/12/10/Main/PDF/13931210-2193-7-11.pdf
date added to LUP
2015-08-17 11:19:35
date last changed
2016-04-16 12:16:34
@misc{261d1ab1-dc72-431d-939d-721230a699dc,
  abstract     = {<b>Abstract in Uncoded languages</b><br/><br>
In this article we discuss four basic approaches to characterising droughts namely meteorological, hydrological, agricultural, and socioeconomic. In the first three approaches, drought is defined and measured as a physical phenomenon primarily related to the precipitation shortfall. Socioeconomic drought, nonetheless, is described and determined as the 'supply' and 'demand' in terms of water shortage in different socioeconomic systems. The specific case of Iran’s drought and water crisis is the main focus of this article, and is briefly compared to California’s ongoing drought. In cases such as Iran, the socioeconomic drought is a result of inefficient and unsustainable management of water resources. Therefore, we cannot simply associate droughts with climate variability and/or change. Furthermore, due to large uncertainties in climate modelling and water management scenarios, long-term prediction of drought is impossible.},
  author       = {Khatami, Sina and Madani, Kaveh},
  keyword      = {Sustainability,Water Resouces Management,Environmental Policy,Middle East,Hydrology,Socioeconomic drought,Water Resources,Iran,Drought},
  language     = {mis},
  month        = {03},
  pages        = {7--7},
  series       = {Etemad Daily Newspaper, No. 3193},
  title        = {What is drought? The scientific understanding of drought: the primary step towards resolving Iran's water crisis},
  year         = {2015},
}