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The relationship between obstructed and unobstructed walking speed: Results from an evacuation experiment in a smoke filled tunnel

Fridolf, Karl LU ; Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Nilsson, Daniel LU and Frantzich, Håkan LU (2015) International symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, 2015 In [Host publication title missing] p.537-548
Abstract
In order to increase the knowledge on human behavior in smoke, an evacuation experiment was performed in a road tunnel in Stockholm in July, 2014. The experiment included 66 participants, who individually were instructed to evacuate a smoke-filled tunnel. The experiment focused on measuring the participants’ walking speed in smoke-filled, as well as smoke-free parts of the tunnel. In addition, exit choice was studied. In this paper, the experiment is described, and novel data on walking speed in smoke is presented, including coupled data on unobstructed walking speed. In addition, a short presentation of the results related to way-finding and exit choice is included. It is clear that although this paper expands the current knowledge on... (More)
In order to increase the knowledge on human behavior in smoke, an evacuation experiment was performed in a road tunnel in Stockholm in July, 2014. The experiment included 66 participants, who individually were instructed to evacuate a smoke-filled tunnel. The experiment focused on measuring the participants’ walking speed in smoke-filled, as well as smoke-free parts of the tunnel. In addition, exit choice was studied. In this paper, the experiment is described, and novel data on walking speed in smoke is presented, including coupled data on unobstructed walking speed. In addition, a short presentation of the results related to way-finding and exit choice is included. It is clear that although this paper expands the current knowledge on walking speed in smoke, future research is necessary in order to conclude how to represent an individual’s walking speed in smoke. Recommendations on a way forward are suggested, and included is a review of the now currently available data-sets, as well as a suggestion for a future evacuation experiment. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Evacuation, experiment, human behavior in fire, walking speed, unobstructed, obstructed, smoke, tunnel, visibility, road tunnel, exit choice
in
[Host publication title missing]
editor
Boyce, Karen
pages
537 - 548
publisher
Interscience Communications
conference name
International symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, 2015
ISBN
978-0-9933933-0-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
92bde36d-c685-4722-8037-0158eb72b680 (old id 8033733)
date added to LUP
2015-10-09 15:42:31
date last changed
2016-07-15 09:27:53
@misc{92bde36d-c685-4722-8037-0158eb72b680,
  abstract     = {In order to increase the knowledge on human behavior in smoke, an evacuation experiment was performed in a road tunnel in Stockholm in July, 2014. The experiment included 66 participants, who individually were instructed to evacuate a smoke-filled tunnel. The experiment focused on measuring the participants’ walking speed in smoke-filled, as well as smoke-free parts of the tunnel. In addition, exit choice was studied. In this paper, the experiment is described, and novel data on walking speed in smoke is presented, including coupled data on unobstructed walking speed. In addition, a short presentation of the results related to way-finding and exit choice is included. It is clear that although this paper expands the current knowledge on walking speed in smoke, future research is necessary in order to conclude how to represent an individual’s walking speed in smoke. Recommendations on a way forward are suggested, and included is a review of the now currently available data-sets, as well as a suggestion for a future evacuation experiment.},
  author       = {Fridolf, Karl and Ronchi, Enrico and Nilsson, Daniel and Frantzich, Håkan},
  editor       = {Boyce, Karen},
  isbn         = {978-0-9933933-0-3},
  keyword      = {Evacuation,experiment,human behavior in fire,walking speed,unobstructed,obstructed,smoke,tunnel,visibility,road tunnel,exit choice},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {537--548},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9ac9b38)},
  series       = {[Host publication title missing]},
  title        = {The relationship between obstructed and unobstructed walking speed: Results from an evacuation experiment in a smoke filled tunnel},
  year         = {2015},
}