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A mixed-ordered Logit approach to investigate correlations among different affordances in fire evacuation

Lovreglio, Ruggiero; Ronchi, Enrico LU and Nilsson, Daniel LU (2015) 6th international symposium: Human Behaviour in Fire, 2015 In [Host publication title missing] p.409-420
Abstract
The evaluation of the effectiveness of safety installations (such as emergency exits, lighting, etc.) is a key factor to improve the evacuation performance of buildings or transportation systems. In fact, even though an installation is designed to achieve a given design goal, it could happen it does not perform as intended. According to the Theory of Affordances, this could be interpreted in relation to different affordances, namely it cannot be (1) sensed (i.e. Sensory Affordance), (2) understood (i.e. Cognitive Affordance), (3) physically used (i.e. Physical Affordance), or (4) it does not fulfil its intended goal (i.e. Functional Affordance). This study investigates how this issue can be addressed

combining the Theory of... (More)
The evaluation of the effectiveness of safety installations (such as emergency exits, lighting, etc.) is a key factor to improve the evacuation performance of buildings or transportation systems. In fact, even though an installation is designed to achieve a given design goal, it could happen it does not perform as intended. According to the Theory of Affordances, this could be interpreted in relation to different affordances, namely it cannot be (1) sensed (i.e. Sensory Affordance), (2) understood (i.e. Cognitive Affordance), (3) physically used (i.e. Physical Affordance), or (4) it does not fulfil its intended goal (i.e. Functional Affordance). This study investigates how this issue can be addressed

combining the Theory of Affordances and the Random Utility Theory. This work shows that ordered choice models are powerful tools to investigate the relations among affordances. In this work, an ordered choice model is estimated using data from a Virtual Reality experiment aimed at investigating the design of flashing lights at emergency exit portals for road tunnel evacuation. The proposed model demonstrates that both Sensory and Cognitive Affordances statistically affect Functional Affordance. The results demonstrate also how participant demographics and installation variables affect Functional Affordance. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Theory of Affordances, Random Utility Theory, Ordered Choice Models
in
[Host publication title missing]
editor
Boyce, Karen
pages
409 - 420
publisher
Interscience Communications
conference name
6th international symposium: Human Behaviour in Fire, 2015
ISBN
978-0-9933933-0-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d06796ff-95d3-453c-8a10-2ede5ab70146 (old id 8057077)
date added to LUP
2015-10-20 14:21:53
date last changed
2016-06-30 16:21:46
@misc{d06796ff-95d3-453c-8a10-2ede5ab70146,
  abstract     = {The evaluation of the effectiveness of safety installations (such as emergency exits, lighting, etc.) is a key factor to improve the evacuation performance of buildings or transportation systems. In fact, even though an installation is designed to achieve a given design goal, it could happen it does not perform as intended. According to the Theory of Affordances, this could be interpreted in relation to different affordances, namely it cannot be (1) sensed (i.e. Sensory Affordance), (2) understood (i.e. Cognitive Affordance), (3) physically used (i.e. Physical Affordance), or (4) it does not fulfil its intended goal (i.e. Functional Affordance). This study investigates how this issue can be addressed<br/><br>
combining the Theory of Affordances and the Random Utility Theory. This work shows that ordered choice models are powerful tools to investigate the relations among affordances. In this work, an ordered choice model is estimated using data from a Virtual Reality experiment aimed at investigating the design of flashing lights at emergency exit portals for road tunnel evacuation. The proposed model demonstrates that both Sensory and Cognitive Affordances statistically affect Functional Affordance. The results demonstrate also how participant demographics and installation variables affect Functional Affordance.},
  author       = {Lovreglio, Ruggiero and Ronchi, Enrico and Nilsson, Daniel},
  editor       = {Boyce, Karen},
  isbn         = {978-0-9933933-0-3},
  keyword      = {Theory of Affordances,Random Utility Theory,Ordered Choice Models},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {409--420},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xb9fe340)},
  series       = {[Host publication title missing]},
  title        = {A mixed-ordered Logit approach to investigate correlations among different affordances in fire evacuation},
  year         = {2015},
}