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Are there sustainable alternatives to water-based sanitation system? Practical illustrations and policy issues.

Czemiel Berndtsson, Justyna LU and Hyvönen, Ingrid (2002) In Water Policy p.515-530
Abstract
There are several reasons to reconsider present urban water and wastewater policy including limitations

of a conventional sanitary system, better understanding of nature and its principles gained during last

decades, and the goal of society to achieve sustainable development. In this paper principles of new designs

of alternative sanitation systems are illustrated, examples of technical and non-technical aspects of the

eventual change are given, and difficulties to achieve changes are discussed. The analysis shows that major

barriers to a change of conventional sanitation include present law and regulations, lower priority for water

and nutrients in the schemes of municipal... (More)
There are several reasons to reconsider present urban water and wastewater policy including limitations

of a conventional sanitary system, better understanding of nature and its principles gained during last

decades, and the goal of society to achieve sustainable development. In this paper principles of new designs

of alternative sanitation systems are illustrated, examples of technical and non-technical aspects of the

eventual change are given, and difficulties to achieve changes are discussed. The analysis shows that major

barriers to a change of conventional sanitation include present law and regulations, lower priority for water

and nutrients in the schemes of municipal responsibilities, investments and commitments in conventional

infrastructure, and also common resource perception of water and nutrients. While the issue of designing

precise system of incentives is left to economists, lawyers, and politicians the paper does deal with the

obstacles to change present urban water and wastewater policies and gives possible examples of supportive

measures. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sanitation systems, Water, Wastewater, Urine, Faeces, Nutrients, Resources, Sustainability, Recycling
in
Water Policy
pages
515 - 530
publisher
IWA Publishing
external identifiers
  • Scopus:0036444416
ISSN
1366-7017
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1c08a0ef-ad1e-454e-8848-0351c3dbefe7 (old id 925444)
date added to LUP
2008-01-17 17:18:10
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:45:53
@misc{1c08a0ef-ad1e-454e-8848-0351c3dbefe7,
  abstract     = {There are several reasons to reconsider present urban water and wastewater policy including limitations<br/><br>
of a conventional sanitary system, better understanding of nature and its principles gained during last<br/><br>
decades, and the goal of society to achieve sustainable development. In this paper principles of new designs<br/><br>
of alternative sanitation systems are illustrated, examples of technical and non-technical aspects of the<br/><br>
eventual change are given, and difficulties to achieve changes are discussed. The analysis shows that major<br/><br>
barriers to a change of conventional sanitation include present law and regulations, lower priority for water<br/><br>
and nutrients in the schemes of municipal responsibilities, investments and commitments in conventional<br/><br>
infrastructure, and also common resource perception of water and nutrients. While the issue of designing<br/><br>
precise system of incentives is left to economists, lawyers, and politicians the paper does deal with the<br/><br>
obstacles to change present urban water and wastewater policies and gives possible examples of supportive<br/><br>
measures.},
  author       = {Czemiel Berndtsson, Justyna and Hyvönen, Ingrid},
  issn         = {1366-7017},
  keyword      = {Sanitation systems,Water,Wastewater,Urine,Faeces,Nutrients,Resources,Sustainability,Recycling},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {515--530},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xbd18490)},
  series       = {Water Policy},
  title        = {Are there sustainable alternatives to water-based sanitation system? Practical illustrations and policy issues.},
  year         = {2002},
}