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Near-Ultraviolet Observations of HD 221170: New Insights into the Nature of r-Process-rich Stars

Ivans, Inese; Simmerer, Jennifer LU ; Sneden, Christopher; Lawler, James; Cowan, John; Gallino, Robert and Bisterzo, Sara (2006) In The Astrophysical Journal 645(1). p.613-633
Abstract
Employing high-resolution spectra obtained with the near-UV-sensitive detector on the Keck I HIRES, supplemented by data obtained with the McDonald Observatory 2d-coudé, we have performed a comprehensive chemical composition analysis of the bright r-process-rich metal-poor red giant star HD 221170. Analysis of 57 individual neutral and ionized species yielded abundances for a total of 46 elements and significant upper limits for an additional five. Model stellar atmosphere parameters were derived with the aid of ~200 Fe peak transitions. From more than 350 transitions of 35 neutron-capture (Z>30) species, abundances for 30 neutron-capture elements and upper limits for three others were derived. Utilizing 36 transitions of La, 16 of Eu,... (More)
Employing high-resolution spectra obtained with the near-UV-sensitive detector on the Keck I HIRES, supplemented by data obtained with the McDonald Observatory 2d-coudé, we have performed a comprehensive chemical composition analysis of the bright r-process-rich metal-poor red giant star HD 221170. Analysis of 57 individual neutral and ionized species yielded abundances for a total of 46 elements and significant upper limits for an additional five. Model stellar atmosphere parameters were derived with the aid of ~200 Fe peak transitions. From more than 350 transitions of 35 neutron-capture (Z>30) species, abundances for 30 neutron-capture elements and upper limits for three others were derived. Utilizing 36 transitions of La, 16 of Eu, and seven of Th, we derive ratios of logɛ(Th/La)=-0.73 (σ=0.06) and logɛ(Th/Eu)=-0.60 (σ=0.05), values in excellent agreement with those previously derived for other r-process-rich metal-poor stars such as CS 22892-052, BD +17 3248, and HD 115444. Based on the Th/Eu chronometer, the inferred age is 11.7+/-2.8 Gyr. The abundance distribution of the heavier neutron-capture elements (Z>=56) is fitted well by the predicted scaled solar system r-process abundances, as also seen in other r-process-rich stars. Unlike other r-process-rich stars, however, we find that the abundances of the lighter neutron-capture elements (37<Z<56) in HD 221170 are also in agreement with the abundances predicted for the scaled solar r-process pattern.



Some of the data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, University of California, and NASA and was made possible by the financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. This paper includes data taken at the McDonald Observatory of the University of Texas at Austin. (Less)
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published
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The Astrophysical Journal
volume
645
issue
1
pages
613 - 633
publisher
University of Chicago Press
external identifiers
  • Scopus:33746907062
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
a042b11b-d798-4a0c-8fdb-0a11062a5614 (old id 955399)
date added to LUP
2008-01-29 11:13:26
date last changed
2016-12-04 04:46:29
@misc{a042b11b-d798-4a0c-8fdb-0a11062a5614,
  abstract     = {Employing high-resolution spectra obtained with the near-UV-sensitive detector on the Keck I HIRES, supplemented by data obtained with the McDonald Observatory 2d-coudé, we have performed a comprehensive chemical composition analysis of the bright r-process-rich metal-poor red giant star HD 221170. Analysis of 57 individual neutral and ionized species yielded abundances for a total of 46 elements and significant upper limits for an additional five. Model stellar atmosphere parameters were derived with the aid of ~200 Fe peak transitions. From more than 350 transitions of 35 neutron-capture (Z&gt;30) species, abundances for 30 neutron-capture elements and upper limits for three others were derived. Utilizing 36 transitions of La, 16 of Eu, and seven of Th, we derive ratios of logɛ(Th/La)=-0.73 (σ=0.06) and logɛ(Th/Eu)=-0.60 (σ=0.05), values in excellent agreement with those previously derived for other r-process-rich metal-poor stars such as CS 22892-052, BD +17 3248, and HD 115444. Based on the Th/Eu chronometer, the inferred age is 11.7+/-2.8 Gyr. The abundance distribution of the heavier neutron-capture elements (Z&gt;=56) is fitted well by the predicted scaled solar system r-process abundances, as also seen in other r-process-rich stars. Unlike other r-process-rich stars, however, we find that the abundances of the lighter neutron-capture elements (37&lt;Z&lt;56) in HD 221170 are also in agreement with the abundances predicted for the scaled solar r-process pattern.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Some of the data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, University of California, and NASA and was made possible by the financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. This paper includes data taken at the McDonald Observatory of the University of Texas at Austin.},
  author       = {Ivans, Inese and Simmerer, Jennifer and Sneden, Christopher and Lawler, James and Cowan, John and Gallino, Robert and Bisterzo, Sara},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {613--633},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xaf10420)},
  series       = {The Astrophysical Journal},
  title        = {Near-Ultraviolet Observations of HD 221170: New Insights into the Nature of r-Process-rich Stars},
  volume       = {645},
  year         = {2006},
}