Atmospheric transport and chemistry of trace gases in LMDz5B : Evaluation and implications for inverse modelling
(2015) In Geoscientific Model Development 8(2). p.129150 Abstract
Representation of atmospheric transport is a major source of error in the estimation of greenhouse gas sources and sinks by inverse modelling. Here we assess the impact on trace gas mole fractions of the new physical parameterizations recently implemented in the atmospheric global climate model LMDz to improve vertical diffusion, mesoscale mixing by thermal plumes in the planetary boundary layer (PBL), and deep convection in the troposphere. At the same time, the horizontal and vertical resolution of the model used in the inverse system has been increased. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the impact of these developments on the representation of trace gas transport and chemistry, and to anticipate the implications for inversions of... (More)
Representation of atmospheric transport is a major source of error in the estimation of greenhouse gas sources and sinks by inverse modelling. Here we assess the impact on trace gas mole fractions of the new physical parameterizations recently implemented in the atmospheric global climate model LMDz to improve vertical diffusion, mesoscale mixing by thermal plumes in the planetary boundary layer (PBL), and deep convection in the troposphere. At the same time, the horizontal and vertical resolution of the model used in the inverse system has been increased. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the impact of these developments on the representation of trace gas transport and chemistry, and to anticipate the implications for inversions of greenhouse gas emissions using such an updated model. Comparison of a onedimensional version of LMDz with large eddy simulations shows that the thermal scheme simulates shallow convective tracer transport in the PBL over land very efficiently, and much better than previous versions of the model. This result is confirmed in threedimensional simulations, by a much improved reproduction of the radon222 diurnal cycle. However, the enhanced dynamics of tracer concentrations induces a stronger sensitivity of the new LMDz configuration to external meteorological forcings. At larger scales, the interhemispheric exchange is slightly slower when using the new version of the model, bringing them closer to observations. The increase in the vertical resolution (from 19 to 39 layers) significantly improves the representation of stratosphere/troposphere exchange. Furthermore, changes in atmospheric thermodynamic variables, such as temperature, due to changes in the PBL mixing modify chemical reaction rates, which perturb chemical equilibriums of reactive trace gases.
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One implication of LMDz model developments for future inversions of greenhouse gas emissions is the ability of the updated system to assimilate a larger amount of highfrequency data sampled at highvariability stations. Others implications are discussed at the end of the paper.
 author
 publishing date
 20150203
 type
 Contribution to journal
 publication status
 published
 subject
 in
 Geoscientific Model Development
 volume
 8
 issue
 2
 pages
 22 pages
 publisher
 Copernicus Gesellschaft Mbh
 external identifiers

 Scopus:84922271532
 ISSN
 1991959X
 DOI
 10.5194/gmd81292015
 language
 English
 LU publication?
 no
 id
 985cfd783fc04fad949a4acd85d68a06
 date added to LUP
 20160830 14:47:24
 date last changed
 20161030 04:49:31
@misc{985cfd783fc04fad949a4acd85d68a06, abstract = {<p>Representation of atmospheric transport is a major source of error in the estimation of greenhouse gas sources and sinks by inverse modelling. Here we assess the impact on trace gas mole fractions of the new physical parameterizations recently implemented in the atmospheric global climate model LMDz to improve vertical diffusion, mesoscale mixing by thermal plumes in the planetary boundary layer (PBL), and deep convection in the troposphere. At the same time, the horizontal and vertical resolution of the model used in the inverse system has been increased. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the impact of these developments on the representation of trace gas transport and chemistry, and to anticipate the implications for inversions of greenhouse gas emissions using such an updated model. Comparison of a onedimensional version of LMDz with large eddy simulations shows that the thermal scheme simulates shallow convective tracer transport in the PBL over land very efficiently, and much better than previous versions of the model. This result is confirmed in threedimensional simulations, by a much improved reproduction of the radon222 diurnal cycle. However, the enhanced dynamics of tracer concentrations induces a stronger sensitivity of the new LMDz configuration to external meteorological forcings. At larger scales, the interhemispheric exchange is slightly slower when using the new version of the model, bringing them closer to observations. The increase in the vertical resolution (from 19 to 39 layers) significantly improves the representation of stratosphere/troposphere exchange. Furthermore, changes in atmospheric thermodynamic variables, such as temperature, due to changes in the PBL mixing modify chemical reaction rates, which perturb chemical equilibriums of reactive trace gases. <br/><br/> One implication of LMDz model developments for future inversions of greenhouse gas emissions is the ability of the updated system to assimilate a larger amount of highfrequency data sampled at highvariability stations. Others implications are discussed at the end of the paper.</p>}, author = {Locatelli, R. and Bousquet, P. and Hourdin, F. and Saunois, M. and Cozic, A. and Couvreux, F. and Grandpeix, J. Y. and Lefebvre, M. P. and Rio, C. and Bergamaschi, P. and Chambers, S. D. and Karstens, U. and Kazan, V. and Van Der Laan, S. and Meijer, H. A J and Moncrieff, J. and Ramonet, M. and Scheeren, H. A. and Schlosser, C. and Schmidt, M. and Vermeulen, A. and Williams, A. G.}, issn = {1991959X}, language = {eng}, month = {02}, number = {2}, pages = {129150}, publisher = {ARRAY(0xb488370)}, series = {Geoscientific Model Development}, title = {Atmospheric transport and chemistry of trace gases in LMDz5B : Evaluation and implications for inverse modelling}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd81292015}, volume = {8}, year = {2015}, }