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National environmental objectives in Sweden : A critical reflection

Emmelin, Lars LU and Cherp, Aleh LU (2016) In Journal of Cleaner Production 123. p.194-199
Abstract

The National Environmental Objectives (NEOs) adopted by Swedish Parliament in 2001 and proclaimining that major environmental problems should be solved within a generation are often portrayed as good practice of a concrete yet visionary sustainability strategy. In this paper we summarize one and a half decade of the NEOs' experience for the international audience. The NEOs were based on an eclectic mixture of conceptual reasoning, most importantly the Management by Objectives concept and the notion of a policy deriving its authority and legitimacy from scientifically established 'natural laws and limits'. The 16 NEOs fall into two groups. The first group is a positive reformulation of existing environmental problems based on well... (More)

The National Environmental Objectives (NEOs) adopted by Swedish Parliament in 2001 and proclaimining that major environmental problems should be solved within a generation are often portrayed as good practice of a concrete yet visionary sustainability strategy. In this paper we summarize one and a half decade of the NEOs' experience for the international audience. The NEOs were based on an eclectic mixture of conceptual reasoning, most importantly the Management by Objectives concept and the notion of a policy deriving its authority and legitimacy from scientifically established 'natural laws and limits'. The 16 NEOs fall into two groups. The first group is a positive reformulation of existing environmental problems based on well established scientific evidence. While they have scientific authority and can be operationalized and enforced through standards they are hardly visionary, strategic or capable of responding to emerging threats. The second group contains utopian landscape goals which are more visionary but also more difficult to operationalize, especially for local authorities which play major part in the implementation of the NEOs in Sweden. We argue that the system that mixes these two sets of goals based on two different paradigms of sustainable development inherits the weaknesses of both and the strengths of neither. The NEO system lacks the hierarchical and scientific authority potentially possible for scientific goals and at the same time fails to provide for learning, mobilisation and consensus-building power of utopian landscape goals. It has been too fuzzy to be implemented in a top-down way and yet too rigid to enable bottom-up action. A more effective approach would be to separate these two sustainability governance approaches into complementary but distinct systems.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Environmental objectives, Management-by-objectives, Sweden
in
Journal of Cleaner Production
volume
123
pages
6 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84945328335
ISSN
0959-6526
DOI
10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.08.059
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d47c97ae-9b10-4680-aae3-4a5bdb8a3118
date added to LUP
2016-04-29 14:27:01
date last changed
2016-10-30 04:46:59
@misc{d47c97ae-9b10-4680-aae3-4a5bdb8a3118,
  abstract     = {<p>The National Environmental Objectives (NEOs) adopted by Swedish Parliament in 2001 and proclaimining that major environmental problems should be solved within a generation are often portrayed as good practice of a concrete yet visionary sustainability strategy. In this paper we summarize one and a half decade of the NEOs' experience for the international audience. The NEOs were based on an eclectic mixture of conceptual reasoning, most importantly the Management by Objectives concept and the notion of a policy deriving its authority and legitimacy from scientifically established 'natural laws and limits'. The 16 NEOs fall into two groups. The first group is a positive reformulation of existing environmental problems based on well established scientific evidence. While they have scientific authority and can be operationalized and enforced through standards they are hardly visionary, strategic or capable of responding to emerging threats. The second group contains utopian landscape goals which are more visionary but also more difficult to operationalize, especially for local authorities which play major part in the implementation of the NEOs in Sweden. We argue that the system that mixes these two sets of goals based on two different paradigms of sustainable development inherits the weaknesses of both and the strengths of neither. The NEO system lacks the hierarchical and scientific authority potentially possible for scientific goals and at the same time fails to provide for learning, mobilisation and consensus-building power of utopian landscape goals. It has been too fuzzy to be implemented in a top-down way and yet too rigid to enable bottom-up action. A more effective approach would be to separate these two sustainability governance approaches into complementary but distinct systems.</p>},
  author       = {Emmelin, Lars and Cherp, Aleh},
  issn         = {0959-6526},
  keyword      = {Environmental objectives,Management-by-objectives,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  pages        = {194--199},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x8a595c0)},
  series       = {Journal of Cleaner Production},
  title        = {National environmental objectives in Sweden : A critical reflection},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.08.059},
  volume       = {123},
  year         = {2016},
}