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Declining oxygen in the global ocean and coastal waters

Breitburg, Denise; Levin, Lisa A.; Oschlies, Andreas; Grégoire, Marilaure; Chavez, Francisco P.; Conley, Daniel J. LU ; Garçon, Véronique; Gilbert, Denis; Gutiérrez, Dimitri and Isensee, Kirsten, et al. (2018) In Science 359(6371).
Abstract

Oxygen is fundamental to life. Not only is it essential for the survival of individual animals, but it regulates global cycles of major nutrients and carbon. The oxygen content of the open ocean and coastal waters has been declining for at least the past half-century, largely because of human activities that have increased global temperatures and nutrients discharged to coastal waters. These changes have accelerated consumption of oxygen by microbial respiration, reduced solubility of oxygen in water, and reduced the rate of oxygen resupply from the atmosphere to the ocean interior, with a wide range of biological and ecological consequences. Further research is needed to understand and predict long-term, global-and regional-scale... (More)

Oxygen is fundamental to life. Not only is it essential for the survival of individual animals, but it regulates global cycles of major nutrients and carbon. The oxygen content of the open ocean and coastal waters has been declining for at least the past half-century, largely because of human activities that have increased global temperatures and nutrients discharged to coastal waters. These changes have accelerated consumption of oxygen by microbial respiration, reduced solubility of oxygen in water, and reduced the rate of oxygen resupply from the atmosphere to the ocean interior, with a wide range of biological and ecological consequences. Further research is needed to understand and predict long-term, global-and regional-scale oxygen changes and their effects on marine and estuarine fisheries and ecosystems.

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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Science
volume
359
issue
6371
publisher
The American Association for the Advancement of Science
external identifiers
  • scopus:85040125435
ISSN
0036-8075
DOI
10.1126/science.aam7240
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
00741179-fd0e-4655-a6a4-1c0a2c47e46c
date added to LUP
2018-01-15 08:28:34
date last changed
2018-08-05 04:47:19
@article{00741179-fd0e-4655-a6a4-1c0a2c47e46c,
  abstract     = {<p>Oxygen is fundamental to life. Not only is it essential for the survival of individual animals, but it regulates global cycles of major nutrients and carbon. The oxygen content of the open ocean and coastal waters has been declining for at least the past half-century, largely because of human activities that have increased global temperatures and nutrients discharged to coastal waters. These changes have accelerated consumption of oxygen by microbial respiration, reduced solubility of oxygen in water, and reduced the rate of oxygen resupply from the atmosphere to the ocean interior, with a wide range of biological and ecological consequences. Further research is needed to understand and predict long-term, global-and regional-scale oxygen changes and their effects on marine and estuarine fisheries and ecosystems.</p>},
  articleno    = {eaam7240},
  author       = {Breitburg, Denise and Levin, Lisa A. and Oschlies, Andreas and Grégoire, Marilaure and Chavez, Francisco P. and Conley, Daniel J. and Garçon, Véronique and Gilbert, Denis and Gutiérrez, Dimitri and Isensee, Kirsten and Jacinto, Gil S. and Limburg, Karin E. and Montes, Ivonne and Naqvi, S. W.A. and Pitcher, Grant C. and Rabalais, Nancy N. and Roman, Michael R. and Rose, Kenneth A. and Seibel, Brad A. and Telszewski, Maciej and Yasuhara, Moriaki and Zhang, Jing},
  issn         = {0036-8075},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {6371},
  publisher    = {The American Association for the Advancement of Science},
  series       = {Science},
  title        = {Declining oxygen in the global ocean and coastal waters},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aam7240},
  volume       = {359},
  year         = {2018},
}