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Globalization, socio-economic status and welfare chauvinism : European perspectives on attitudes toward the exclusion of immigrants

Mewes, Jan LU and Mau, Steffen (2013) In International Journal of Comparative Sociology 54(3). p.228-245
Abstract

This article addresses the question of whether globalization impacts individual preferences to exclude immigrants from national welfare systems ('welfare chauvinism'). Intergroup contact theory and arguments from the 'new cosmopolitanism' debate suggest that cross-border social contacts ('social globalization') foster a willingness to include and accept newcomers. However, group conflict theory suggests that trade openness ('economic globalization') can unleash feelings of insecurity and trigger welfare chauvinism. While these approaches point in different directions, we argue that the impact of globalization on welfare chauvinism differs across socio-economic status groups. Using cross-national data from the European Social Survey... (More)

This article addresses the question of whether globalization impacts individual preferences to exclude immigrants from national welfare systems ('welfare chauvinism'). Intergroup contact theory and arguments from the 'new cosmopolitanism' debate suggest that cross-border social contacts ('social globalization') foster a willingness to include and accept newcomers. However, group conflict theory suggests that trade openness ('economic globalization') can unleash feelings of insecurity and trigger welfare chauvinism. While these approaches point in different directions, we argue that the impact of globalization on welfare chauvinism differs across socio-economic status groups. Using cross-national data from the European Social Survey 2008/2009, we find scarce support for the hypothesis that social globalization reduces welfare chauvinism in general. However, there is evidence that it diminishes exclusionary attitudes among those with relatively high socio-economic statuses. Moreover, we find no general evidence for an impact of economic globalization on chauvinism, but a positive interaction of intensified engagement with global market forces and higher socio-economic status.

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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Attitudes, comparative research, globalization, immigration, socio-economic status, welfare state
in
International Journal of Comparative Sociology
volume
54
issue
3
pages
18 pages
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • scopus:84884884788
ISSN
0020-7152
DOI
10.1177/0020715213494395
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
02878e9c-e23f-4749-8963-cb810882d1cd
date added to LUP
2018-10-16 21:21:03
date last changed
2020-01-13 01:03:47
@article{02878e9c-e23f-4749-8963-cb810882d1cd,
  abstract     = {<p>This article addresses the question of whether globalization impacts individual preferences to exclude immigrants from national welfare systems ('welfare chauvinism'). Intergroup contact theory and arguments from the 'new cosmopolitanism' debate suggest that cross-border social contacts ('social globalization') foster a willingness to include and accept newcomers. However, group conflict theory suggests that trade openness ('economic globalization') can unleash feelings of insecurity and trigger welfare chauvinism. While these approaches point in different directions, we argue that the impact of globalization on welfare chauvinism differs across socio-economic status groups. Using cross-national data from the European Social Survey 2008/2009, we find scarce support for the hypothesis that social globalization reduces welfare chauvinism in general. However, there is evidence that it diminishes exclusionary attitudes among those with relatively high socio-economic statuses. Moreover, we find no general evidence for an impact of economic globalization on chauvinism, but a positive interaction of intensified engagement with global market forces and higher socio-economic status.</p>},
  author       = {Mewes, Jan and Mau, Steffen},
  issn         = {0020-7152},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {228--245},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {International Journal of Comparative Sociology},
  title        = {Globalization, socio-economic status and welfare chauvinism : European perspectives on attitudes toward the exclusion of immigrants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020715213494395},
  doi          = {10.1177/0020715213494395},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2013},
}