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Gambling habits, gambling norms, and problem gambling in foreign born and native populations in Denmark — A general population survey

Håkansson, A. LU ; Kostevski, A. and Ekblad, S. (2019) In Addictive Behaviors Reports 9.
Abstract

Background: Being foreign born, i.e. not born in the reception country or belonging to an ethnic minority, has been described as a risk factor of problem gambling, although research so far has been inconclusive. Also, there is limited knowledge about whether this association is caused by differing gambling norms. The present study aimed to study whether foreign origin is associated with problem gambling, when controlling for several potential risk factors, gambling frequency and beliefs about peer gambling, i.e. gambling norms. Methods: Cross-sectional web survey including 1970 adult individuals from the general population in Denmark (50% female), in April 2018. Binary analyses and hierarchical logistic regression with respect to... (More)

Background: Being foreign born, i.e. not born in the reception country or belonging to an ethnic minority, has been described as a risk factor of problem gambling, although research so far has been inconclusive. Also, there is limited knowledge about whether this association is caused by differing gambling norms. The present study aimed to study whether foreign origin is associated with problem gambling, when controlling for several potential risk factors, gambling frequency and beliefs about peer gambling, i.e. gambling norms. Methods: Cross-sectional web survey including 1970 adult individuals from the general population in Denmark (50% female), in April 2018. Binary analyses and hierarchical logistic regression with respect to associations between foreign origin, relevant co-factors and problem gambling. Results: Problem gambling was more common in individuals with foreign origin (15 vs 10%, p = 0.01). In logistic regression, problem gambling was associated with male sex, gambling frequency, foreign origin, psychological distress, smoking, and number of gambling types used. Beliefs about peer gambling did not differ with respect to foreign origin, but were associated with problem gambling until one's own gambling frequency was entered into the model. Conclusions: When controlling for a number of relevant risk factors, foreign origin still appears to predict problem gambling. Gambling patterns or gambling norms are unlikely to be the sole explanation of the increased prevalence. The findings have implications for preventive work in the foreign born population, and gambling norms may be targeted in screening for at-risk gamblers.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Addictive Behaviors Reports
volume
9
publisher
Elsevier Ltd
external identifiers
  • scopus:85064083242
ISSN
2352-8532
DOI
10.1016/j.abrep.2019.100183
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
04e9ec5b-c4e5-4e43-bbe7-d136265c8147
date added to LUP
2019-04-24 13:19:51
date last changed
2019-05-14 04:54:13
@article{04e9ec5b-c4e5-4e43-bbe7-d136265c8147,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: Being foreign born, i.e. not born in the reception country or belonging to an ethnic minority, has been described as a risk factor of problem gambling, although research so far has been inconclusive. Also, there is limited knowledge about whether this association is caused by differing gambling norms. The present study aimed to study whether foreign origin is associated with problem gambling, when controlling for several potential risk factors, gambling frequency and beliefs about peer gambling, i.e. gambling norms. Methods: Cross-sectional web survey including 1970 adult individuals from the general population in Denmark (50% female), in April 2018. Binary analyses and hierarchical logistic regression with respect to associations between foreign origin, relevant co-factors and problem gambling. Results: Problem gambling was more common in individuals with foreign origin (15 vs 10%, p = 0.01). In logistic regression, problem gambling was associated with male sex, gambling frequency, foreign origin, psychological distress, smoking, and number of gambling types used. Beliefs about peer gambling did not differ with respect to foreign origin, but were associated with problem gambling until one's own gambling frequency was entered into the model. Conclusions: When controlling for a number of relevant risk factors, foreign origin still appears to predict problem gambling. Gambling patterns or gambling norms are unlikely to be the sole explanation of the increased prevalence. The findings have implications for preventive work in the foreign born population, and gambling norms may be targeted in screening for at-risk gamblers.</p>},
  articleno    = {100183},
  author       = {Håkansson, A. and Kostevski, A. and Ekblad, S.},
  issn         = {2352-8532},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Elsevier Ltd},
  series       = {Addictive Behaviors Reports},
  title        = {Gambling habits, gambling norms, and problem gambling in foreign born and native populations in Denmark — A general population survey},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2019.100183},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2019},
}