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Stabilities of Platinum(II) Chloro and Bromo Complexes and Kinetics for Anation of the Tetraaquaplatinum(II) ion by Halides and Thiocyanate

Elding, Lars Ivar LU (1978) In Inorganica Chimica Acta 28(2). p.255-262
Abstract (Swedish)
The anations of Pt(H2O)42+ and PtX(H2O)3+ (to trans-PtX(H2O)2) by X− = Cl−, Br−, I− and SCN− and the anation of trans-PtX2(H2O)2) by X− = Cl−, Br− and I− have been studied at 25 °C and 1.00 M perchlorate medium using both stopped-flow and conventional spectrophotometry. For large excess of X−, PtX42− is formed according to the mechanism in Figure 1. The results indicate an entering ligand order of Cl− < Br− < SCN− < I− (1:8:50:350), a kinetic trans-effect order of H2O < Cl− < Br− < I− < SCN− (1:330:3300:∼4 × 104:∼1 × 105) and a kinetic cis-effect order of Br− < Cl− < H2O < I− (0.3:0.4:1:∼2). Acid hydrolysis rate constants for PtX3H2O−, trans-PtX2(H2O)2 and Pt(H2O)3+ (X = Cl, Br) have also been determined.... (More)
The anations of Pt(H2O)42+ and PtX(H2O)3+ (to trans-PtX(H2O)2) by X− = Cl−, Br−, I− and SCN− and the anation of trans-PtX2(H2O)2) by X− = Cl−, Br− and I− have been studied at 25 °C and 1.00 M perchlorate medium using both stopped-flow and conventional spectrophotometry. For large excess of X−, PtX42− is formed according to the mechanism in Figure 1. The results indicate an entering ligand order of Cl− < Br− < SCN− < I− (1:8:50:350), a kinetic trans-effect order of H2O < Cl− < Br− < I− < SCN− (1:330:3300:∼4 × 104:∼1 × 105) and a kinetic cis-effect order of Br− < Cl− < H2O < I− (0.3:0.4:1:∼2). Acid hydrolysis rate constants for PtX3H2O−, trans-PtX2(H2O)2 and Pt(H2O)3+ (X = Cl, Br) have also been determined. Bromide is about 3 times better as leaving ligand than chloride. The palladium chloro and bromo complexes react 2 × 104 to 3 × 106 times faster than corresponding platinum complexes. Spectrophotometric equilibrium measurements performed as competition experiments with palladium give the stepwise stability constants K1 = [PtX+] [Pt2+]−1 [X−]−1 as (9 ± 2) × 104 M−1 (X = Cl) and (1.9 ± 0.4) × 105 M−1 (X = Br). These values combined with previous literature data enable a calculation of the over-all stability constants for the platinum(II) chloro and bromo complexes. lg (βn/M−n), n = 1,2,3,4, are: 4.97 ± 0.11, 8.97 ± 0.20, 11.89 ± 0.35, and 13.99 ± 0.45 for the chloro complexes and 5.28 ± 0.09, 9.72 ± 0.18, 13.32 ± 0.35 and 16.11 ± 0.45 for the bromo complexes, at 25 °C and for a 0.50 to 1.00 M perchloric acid medium. (Less)
Abstract
The anations of Pt(H2O)42+ and PtX(H2O)3+ (to trans-PtX(H2O)2) by X− = Cl−, Br−, I− and SCN− and the anation of trans-PtX2(H2O)2) by X− = Cl−, Br− and I− have been studied at 25 °C and 1.00 M perchlorate medium using both stopped-flow and conventional spectrophotometry. For large excess of X−, PtX42− is formed according to the mechanism in Figure 1. The results indicate an entering ligand order of Cl− < Br− < SCN− < I− (1:8:50:350), a kinetic trans-effect order of H2O < Cl− < Br− < I− < SCN− (1:330:3300:∼4 × 104:∼1 × 105) and a kinetic cis-effect order of Br− < Cl− < H2O < I− (0.3:0.4:1:∼2). Acid hydrolysis rate constants for PtX3H2O−, trans-PtX2(H2O)2 and Pt(H2O)3+ (X = Cl, Br) have also been determined.... (More)
The anations of Pt(H2O)42+ and PtX(H2O)3+ (to trans-PtX(H2O)2) by X− = Cl−, Br−, I− and SCN− and the anation of trans-PtX2(H2O)2) by X− = Cl−, Br− and I− have been studied at 25 °C and 1.00 M perchlorate medium using both stopped-flow and conventional spectrophotometry. For large excess of X−, PtX42− is formed according to the mechanism in Figure 1. The results indicate an entering ligand order of Cl− < Br− < SCN− < I− (1:8:50:350), a kinetic trans-effect order of H2O < Cl− < Br− < I− < SCN− (1:330:3300:∼4 × 104:∼1 × 105) and a kinetic cis-effect order of Br− < Cl− < H2O < I− (0.3:0.4:1:∼2). Acid hydrolysis rate constants for PtX3H2O−, trans-PtX2(H2O)2 and Pt(H2O)3+ (X = Cl, Br) have also been determined. Bromide is about 3 times better as leaving ligand than chloride. The palladium chloro and bromo complexes react 2 × 104 to 3 × 106 times faster than corresponding platinum complexes. Spectrophotometric equilibrium measurements performed as competition experiments with palladium give the stepwise stability constants K1 = [PtX+] [Pt2+]−1 [X−]−1 as (9 ± 2) × 104 M−1 (X = Cl) and (1.9 ± 0.4) × 105 M−1 (X = Br). These values combined with previous literature data enable a calculation of the over-all stability constants for the platinum(II) chloro and bromo complexes. lg (βn/M−n), n = 1,2,3,4, are: 4.97 ± 0.11, 8.97 ± 0.20, 11.89 ± 0.35, and 13.99 ± 0.45 for the chloro complexes and 5.28 ± 0.09, 9.72 ± 0.18, 13.32 ± 0.35 and 16.11 ± 0.45 for the bromo complexes, at 25 °C and for a 0.50 to 1.00 M perchloric acid medium. (Less)
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Platinum(II), Halide complexes, Stabilities, Haide anation reactions, Kinetics, trans-effect, cis-effect, Rate constants, Reaction mechanism, Thiocyanate anation, Tetraaquaplatinum(II)
in
Inorganica Chimica Acta
volume
28
issue
2
pages
8 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0012841387
ISSN
0020-1693
DOI
10.1016/S0020-1693(00)87444-7
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
070abd1d-8916-4ba3-a534-0509def9536f
date added to LUP
2017-02-14 18:39:24
date last changed
2017-05-14 22:36:42
@article{070abd1d-8916-4ba3-a534-0509def9536f,
  abstract     = {The anations of Pt(H2O)42+ and PtX(H2O)3+ (to trans-PtX(H2O)2) by X− = Cl−, Br−, I− and SCN− and the anation of trans-PtX2(H2O)2) by X− = Cl−, Br− and I− have been studied at 25 °C and 1.00 M perchlorate medium using both stopped-flow and conventional spectrophotometry. For large excess of X−, PtX42− is formed according to the mechanism in Figure 1. The results indicate an entering ligand order of Cl− &lt; Br− &lt; SCN− &lt; I− (1:8:50:350), a kinetic trans-effect order of H2O &lt; Cl− &lt; Br− &lt; I− &lt; SCN− (1:330:3300:∼4 × 104:∼1 × 105) and a kinetic cis-effect order of Br− &lt; Cl− &lt; H2O &lt; I− (0.3:0.4:1:∼2). Acid hydrolysis rate constants for PtX3H2O−, trans-PtX2(H2O)2 and Pt(H2O)3+ (X = Cl, Br) have also been determined. Bromide is about 3 times better as leaving ligand than chloride. The palladium chloro and bromo complexes react 2 × 104 to 3 × 106 times faster than corresponding platinum complexes. Spectrophotometric equilibrium measurements performed as competition experiments with palladium give the stepwise stability constants K1 = [PtX+] [Pt2+]−1 [X−]−1 as (9 ± 2) × 104 M−1 (X = Cl) and (1.9 ± 0.4) × 105 M−1 (X = Br). These values combined with previous literature data enable a calculation of the over-all stability constants for the platinum(II) chloro and bromo complexes. lg (βn/M−n), n = 1,2,3,4, are: 4.97 ± 0.11, 8.97 ± 0.20, 11.89 ± 0.35, and 13.99 ± 0.45 for the chloro complexes and 5.28 ± 0.09, 9.72 ± 0.18, 13.32 ± 0.35 and 16.11 ± 0.45 for the bromo complexes, at 25 °C and for a 0.50 to 1.00 M perchloric acid medium.},
  author       = {Elding, Lars Ivar},
  issn         = {0020-1693},
  keyword      = {Platinum(II),Halide complexes,Stabilities,Haide anation reactions,Kinetics,trans-effect,cis-effect,Rate constants,Reaction mechanism,Thiocyanate anation,Tetraaquaplatinum(II)},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {255--262},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Inorganica Chimica Acta},
  title        = {Stabilities of Platinum(II) Chloro and Bromo Complexes and Kinetics for Anation of the Tetraaquaplatinum(II) ion by Halides and Thiocyanate},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0020-1693(00)87444-7},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {1978},
}