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Endotoxin and cytokine reducing properties of the oXiris membrane in patients with septic shock : A randomized crossover double-blind study

Broman, Marcus E. LU ; Hansson, Fredrik; Vincent, Jean Louis and Bodelsson, Mikael LU (2019) In PLoS ONE 14(8).
Abstract

Background Endotoxin induces an inflammatory response, with secondary release of cytokines, which can progress to shock and multiple organ failure. We explored whether continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) using a modified membrane (oXiris) capable of adsorption could reduce endotoxin and cytokine levels in septic patients. Methods Sixteen patients requiring CRRT for septic shock-associated acute renal failure and who had endotoxin levels >0.03 EU/ml were prospectively randomized in a crossover double-blind design to receive CRRT with an oXiris filter or with a standard filter. Endotoxin and cytokine levels were measured at baseline and 1, 3, 8, 16 and 24 hours after the start of CRRT. Norepinephrine infusion rate and blood... (More)

Background Endotoxin induces an inflammatory response, with secondary release of cytokines, which can progress to shock and multiple organ failure. We explored whether continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) using a modified membrane (oXiris) capable of adsorption could reduce endotoxin and cytokine levels in septic patients. Methods Sixteen patients requiring CRRT for septic shock-associated acute renal failure and who had endotoxin levels >0.03 EU/ml were prospectively randomized in a crossover double-blind design to receive CRRT with an oXiris filter or with a standard filter. Endotoxin and cytokine levels were measured at baseline and 1, 3, 8, 16 and 24 hours after the start of CRRT. Norepinephrine infusion rate and blood lactate levels were monitored. Results During the first filter treatment period, endotoxin levels decreased in 7 of 9 (77.8%) oXiris filter patients, but in only 1 of 6 (16.7%) standard filter patients (P = 0.02). Levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and interferon (IFN)γ decreased more with the oXiris filter than with the standard filter. Lactate concentration decreased with oXiris (-1.3[-2.2 to -1.1] mmol/l, P = 0.02), but not with the standard filter (+0.15[-0.95 to 0.6]). The norepinephrine infusion rate was reduced during oXiris CRRT, but not during standard filter CRRT. In the second filter treatment period, there was no significant reduction in endotoxin or cytokine levels in either group. Conclusions CRRT with the oXiris filter seemed to allow effective removal of endotoxin and TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8 and IFNγ in patients with septic shock-associated acute renal failure. This may be associated with beneficial hemodynamic effects.

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published
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in
PLoS ONE
volume
14
issue
8
publisher
Public Library of Science
external identifiers
  • scopus:85070222494
ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0220444
language
English
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yes
id
071a0d54-0e97-426a-bc5c-eaca0ecc33ff
date added to LUP
2019-08-26 09:13:31
date last changed
2019-09-11 04:22:32
@article{071a0d54-0e97-426a-bc5c-eaca0ecc33ff,
  abstract     = {<p>Background Endotoxin induces an inflammatory response, with secondary release of cytokines, which can progress to shock and multiple organ failure. We explored whether continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) using a modified membrane (oXiris) capable of adsorption could reduce endotoxin and cytokine levels in septic patients. Methods Sixteen patients requiring CRRT for septic shock-associated acute renal failure and who had endotoxin levels &gt;0.03 EU/ml were prospectively randomized in a crossover double-blind design to receive CRRT with an oXiris filter or with a standard filter. Endotoxin and cytokine levels were measured at baseline and 1, 3, 8, 16 and 24 hours after the start of CRRT. Norepinephrine infusion rate and blood lactate levels were monitored. Results During the first filter treatment period, endotoxin levels decreased in 7 of 9 (77.8%) oXiris filter patients, but in only 1 of 6 (16.7%) standard filter patients (P = 0.02). Levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and interferon (IFN)γ decreased more with the oXiris filter than with the standard filter. Lactate concentration decreased with oXiris (-1.3[-2.2 to -1.1] mmol/l, P = 0.02), but not with the standard filter (+0.15[-0.95 to 0.6]). The norepinephrine infusion rate was reduced during oXiris CRRT, but not during standard filter CRRT. In the second filter treatment period, there was no significant reduction in endotoxin or cytokine levels in either group. Conclusions CRRT with the oXiris filter seemed to allow effective removal of endotoxin and TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8 and IFNγ in patients with septic shock-associated acute renal failure. This may be associated with beneficial hemodynamic effects.</p>},
  articleno    = {e0220444},
  author       = {Broman, Marcus E. and Hansson, Fredrik and Vincent, Jean Louis and Bodelsson, Mikael},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  number       = {8},
  publisher    = {Public Library of Science},
  series       = {PLoS ONE},
  title        = {Endotoxin and cytokine reducing properties of the oXiris membrane in patients with septic shock : A randomized crossover double-blind study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220444},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2019},
}