Advanced

Occupational lung diseases : From old and novel exposures to effective preventive strategies

Cullinan, Paul; Muñoz, Xavier; Suojalehto, Hille; Agius, Raymond; Jindal, Surinder; Sigsgaard, Torben; Blomberg, Anders; Charpin, Denis; Annesi-Maesano, Isabella and Gulati, Mridu, et al. (2017) In The Lancet Respiratory Medicine 5(5). p.445-455
Abstract

Occupational exposure is an important, global cause of respiratory disease. Unlike many other non-communicable lung diseases, the proximal causes of many occupational lung diseases are well understood and they should be amenable to control with use of established and effective approaches. Therefore, the risks arising from exposure to silica and asbestos are well known, as are the means of their prevention. Although the incidence of occupational lung disease has decreased in many countries, in parts of the world undergoing rapid economic transition and population growth-often with large informal and unregulated workforces-occupational exposures continue to impose a heavy burden of disease. The incidence of interstitial and malignant lung... (More)

Occupational exposure is an important, global cause of respiratory disease. Unlike many other non-communicable lung diseases, the proximal causes of many occupational lung diseases are well understood and they should be amenable to control with use of established and effective approaches. Therefore, the risks arising from exposure to silica and asbestos are well known, as are the means of their prevention. Although the incidence of occupational lung disease has decreased in many countries, in parts of the world undergoing rapid economic transition and population growth-often with large informal and unregulated workforces-occupational exposures continue to impose a heavy burden of disease. The incidence of interstitial and malignant lung diseases remains unacceptably high because control measures are not implemented or exposures arise in novel ways. With the advent of innovative technologies, new threats are continually introduced to the workplace (eg, indium compounds and vicinal diketones). In developed countries, work-related asthma is the commonest occupational lung disease of short latency. Although generic control measures to reduce the risk of developing or exacerbating asthma are well recognised, there is still uncertainty, for example, with regards to the management of workers who develop asthma but remain in the same job. In this Review, we provide recommendations for research, surveillance, and other action for reducing the burden of occupational lung diseases.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
, et al. (More)
(Less)
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine
volume
5
issue
5
pages
445 - 455
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85009160115
  • wos:000402090600030
ISSN
2213-2600
DOI
10.1016/S2213-2600(16)30424-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0766947a-dbf9-4618-abc6-6ae8ec798c03
date added to LUP
2017-02-06 10:21:13
date last changed
2018-05-20 04:31:13
@article{0766947a-dbf9-4618-abc6-6ae8ec798c03,
  abstract     = {<p>Occupational exposure is an important, global cause of respiratory disease. Unlike many other non-communicable lung diseases, the proximal causes of many occupational lung diseases are well understood and they should be amenable to control with use of established and effective approaches. Therefore, the risks arising from exposure to silica and asbestos are well known, as are the means of their prevention. Although the incidence of occupational lung disease has decreased in many countries, in parts of the world undergoing rapid economic transition and population growth-often with large informal and unregulated workforces-occupational exposures continue to impose a heavy burden of disease. The incidence of interstitial and malignant lung diseases remains unacceptably high because control measures are not implemented or exposures arise in novel ways. With the advent of innovative technologies, new threats are continually introduced to the workplace (eg, indium compounds and vicinal diketones). In developed countries, work-related asthma is the commonest occupational lung disease of short latency. Although generic control measures to reduce the risk of developing or exacerbating asthma are well recognised, there is still uncertainty, for example, with regards to the management of workers who develop asthma but remain in the same job. In this Review, we provide recommendations for research, surveillance, and other action for reducing the burden of occupational lung diseases.</p>},
  author       = {Cullinan, Paul and Muñoz, Xavier and Suojalehto, Hille and Agius, Raymond and Jindal, Surinder and Sigsgaard, Torben and Blomberg, Anders and Charpin, Denis and Annesi-Maesano, Isabella and Gulati, Mridu and Kim, Yangho and Frank, Arthur L. and Akgün, Metin and Fishwick, David and de la Hoz, Rafael E. and Moitra, Subhabrata},
  issn         = {2213-2600},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {445--455},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {The Lancet Respiratory Medicine},
  title        = {Occupational lung diseases : From old and novel exposures to effective preventive strategies},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(16)30424-6},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2017},
}