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Improved Balance Confidence and Stability for Elderly After 6 Weeks of a Multimodal Self-Administered Balance-Enhancing Exercise Program : A Randomized Single Arm Crossover Study

Hafström, Anna LU ; Malmström, Eva-Maj LU ; Terdén, Josefine; Fransson, Per-Anders LU and Magnusson, Måns LU (2016) In Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine 2. p.1-13
Abstract

Objective: To develop and assess the efficacy of a multimodal balance-enhancing exercise program (BEEP) designed to be regularly self-administered by community-dwelling elderly. The program aims to promote sensory reweighting, facilitate motor control, improve gaze stabilization, and stimulate continuous improvement by being constantly challenging. Method: Forty participants aged 60 to 80 years performed 6 weeks of BEEP training, on average for 16 min four times weekly, in a randomized one-arm crossover design. Results: One-leg standing time improved 32% with eyes open (EO), 206% with eyes closed (EC) on solid surface, and 54% EO on compliant surface (p < .001). Posturography confirmed balance improvements when perturbed on solid and... (More)

Objective: To develop and assess the efficacy of a multimodal balance-enhancing exercise program (BEEP) designed to be regularly self-administered by community-dwelling elderly. The program aims to promote sensory reweighting, facilitate motor control, improve gaze stabilization, and stimulate continuous improvement by being constantly challenging. Method: Forty participants aged 60 to 80 years performed 6 weeks of BEEP training, on average for 16 min four times weekly, in a randomized one-arm crossover design. Results: One-leg standing time improved 32% with eyes open (EO), 206% with eyes closed (EC) on solid surface, and 54% EO on compliant surface (p < .001). Posturography confirmed balance improvements when perturbed on solid and compliant surfaces with EO and EC (p ≤ .033). Walking, step stool, and Timed Up and Go speeds increased (p ≤ .001), as did scores in Berg Balance and balance confidence scales (p ≤ .018). Discussion: Multimodal balance exercises offer an efficient, cost-effective way to improve balance control and confidence in elderly.

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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine
volume
2
pages
1 - 13
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
ISSN
2333-7214
DOI
10.1177/2333721416644149
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0788c353-b044-47be-b2c1-a4274ab3f7bf
date added to LUP
2017-05-03 11:41:21
date last changed
2017-11-14 09:56:04
@article{0788c353-b044-47be-b2c1-a4274ab3f7bf,
  abstract     = {<p>Objective: To develop and assess the efficacy of a multimodal balance-enhancing exercise program (BEEP) designed to be regularly self-administered by community-dwelling elderly. The program aims to promote sensory reweighting, facilitate motor control, improve gaze stabilization, and stimulate continuous improvement by being constantly challenging. Method: Forty participants aged 60 to 80 years performed 6 weeks of BEEP training, on average for 16 min four times weekly, in a randomized one-arm crossover design. Results: One-leg standing time improved 32% with eyes open (EO), 206% with eyes closed (EC) on solid surface, and 54% EO on compliant surface (p &lt; .001). Posturography confirmed balance improvements when perturbed on solid and compliant surfaces with EO and EC (p ≤ .033). Walking, step stool, and Timed Up and Go speeds increased (p ≤ .001), as did scores in Berg Balance and balance confidence scales (p ≤ .018). Discussion: Multimodal balance exercises offer an efficient, cost-effective way to improve balance control and confidence in elderly.</p>},
  author       = {Hafström, Anna and Malmström, Eva-Maj and Terdén, Josefine and Fransson, Per-Anders and Magnusson, Måns},
  issn         = {2333-7214},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1--13},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine},
  title        = {Improved Balance Confidence and Stability for Elderly After 6 Weeks of a Multimodal Self-Administered Balance-Enhancing Exercise Program : A Randomized Single Arm Crossover Study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2333721416644149},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2016},
}