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Is accessibility to dental care facilities in rural areas associated with number of teeth in elderly residents?

Hamano, Tsuyoshi; Takeda, Miwako; Tominaga, Kazumichi; Sundquist, Kristina LU and Nabika, Toru (2017) In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(3).
Abstract

Given that public transportation networks are less developed in rural than in urban areas, a lack of accessibility to dental care facilities could be a barrier to routine dental checkups. Thus, we hypothesized that the distance to the dental care facilities is a risk factor for tooth loss. The aim of this study was to test whether there is an association between the distance to dental care facilities, estimated by geographic information systems, and number of teeth, assessed by an oral examination, among elderly residents of a rural area in Japan. Data were collected in 2016 from a cross-sectional study conducted in Shimane prefecture, Japan. After excluding participants with missing data (n = 21), we analyzed data from 710... (More)

Given that public transportation networks are less developed in rural than in urban areas, a lack of accessibility to dental care facilities could be a barrier to routine dental checkups. Thus, we hypothesized that the distance to the dental care facilities is a risk factor for tooth loss. The aim of this study was to test whether there is an association between the distance to dental care facilities, estimated by geographic information systems, and number of teeth, assessed by an oral examination, among elderly residents of a rural area in Japan. Data were collected in 2016 from a cross-sectional study conducted in Shimane prefecture, Japan. After excluding participants with missing data (n = 21), we analyzed data from 710 participants. Of them, 40.6% were male and the mean (standard deviation) age was 67.4 (7.4) years. Further, 68.0% (n = 483) had at least 20 teeth. We found that the distance to dental care facilities was significantly associated with the number of teeth (less than 20) (odds ratio = 1.07, 95% confidence interval = 1.01–1.12) after adjustment for potential confounders. This result suggested that individuals without easy access to dental care facilities may be important targets for dental care.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cross-sectional study, Dental care accessibility, Number of teeth, Rural area
in
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
volume
14
issue
3
publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
external identifiers
  • scopus:85015881783
  • pmid:28335583
  • wos:000398524100109
ISSN
1661-7827
DOI
10.3390/ijerph14030327
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0c462d69-7a2c-49ad-894a-13cef2346d16
date added to LUP
2017-04-21 14:14:59
date last changed
2017-09-18 13:32:53
@article{0c462d69-7a2c-49ad-894a-13cef2346d16,
  abstract     = {<p>Given that public transportation networks are less developed in rural than in urban areas, a lack of accessibility to dental care facilities could be a barrier to routine dental checkups. Thus, we hypothesized that the distance to the dental care facilities is a risk factor for tooth loss. The aim of this study was to test whether there is an association between the distance to dental care facilities, estimated by geographic information systems, and number of teeth, assessed by an oral examination, among elderly residents of a rural area in Japan. Data were collected in 2016 from a cross-sectional study conducted in Shimane prefecture, Japan. After excluding participants with missing data (n = 21), we analyzed data from 710 participants. Of them, 40.6% were male and the mean (standard deviation) age was 67.4 (7.4) years. Further, 68.0% (n = 483) had at least 20 teeth. We found that the distance to dental care facilities was significantly associated with the number of teeth (less than 20) (odds ratio = 1.07, 95% confidence interval = 1.01–1.12) after adjustment for potential confounders. This result suggested that individuals without easy access to dental care facilities may be important targets for dental care.</p>},
  articleno    = {327},
  author       = {Hamano, Tsuyoshi and Takeda, Miwako and Tominaga, Kazumichi and Sundquist, Kristina and Nabika, Toru},
  issn         = {1661-7827},
  keyword      = {Cross-sectional study,Dental care accessibility,Number of teeth,Rural area},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  number       = {3},
  publisher    = {Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)},
  series       = {International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health},
  title        = {Is accessibility to dental care facilities in rural areas associated with number of teeth in elderly residents?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14030327},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2017},
}