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Slender steel columns : How they are affected by imperfections and bracing stiffness

Klasson, Anders LU ; Crocetti, Roberto LU and Hansson, Eva Frühwald LU (2016) In Structures 8. p.35-43
Abstract

Finite-element programs can be used for designing columns and their bracing systems. It is well known, however, that the output obtained from such programs is highly dependent upon the input (such as imperfections and stiffness properties). In the present study, the effects of imperfections on the predicted strength and stiffness requirements of steel columns and of their bracing systems are investigated. Two different systems are analyzed: 1) a braced non-sway column and 2) a braced sway column. It was found that a poor choice of the shape of the initial imperfections can provide unrealistic results in terms of both the buckling load on the columns and the predicted reactions of the bracings. It was also found that superimposing... (More)

Finite-element programs can be used for designing columns and their bracing systems. It is well known, however, that the output obtained from such programs is highly dependent upon the input (such as imperfections and stiffness properties). In the present study, the effects of imperfections on the predicted strength and stiffness requirements of steel columns and of their bracing systems are investigated. Two different systems are analyzed: 1) a braced non-sway column and 2) a braced sway column. It was found that a poor choice of the shape of the initial imperfections can provide unrealistic results in terms of both the buckling load on the columns and the predicted reactions of the bracings. It was also found that superimposing different imperfection shapes can contribute to obtaining realistic and trustworthy results. Furthermore, it was shown that the shapes of the initial imperfections that lead to the lowest buckling load and those that result in the strongest bracing forces, are generally not the same.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Bracing stiffness, Column buckling, Energy method, Imperfection shapes, Non-linear modeling
in
Structures
volume
8
pages
9 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84991466998
  • wos:000391298700004
ISSN
2352-0124
DOI
10.1016/j.istruc.2016.08.004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0c9b1666-2ae3-43cd-bf48-2f3a13031fc5
date added to LUP
2016-10-28 09:01:37
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:28:32
@article{0c9b1666-2ae3-43cd-bf48-2f3a13031fc5,
  abstract     = {<p>Finite-element programs can be used for designing columns and their bracing systems. It is well known, however, that the output obtained from such programs is highly dependent upon the input (such as imperfections and stiffness properties). In the present study, the effects of imperfections on the predicted strength and stiffness requirements of steel columns and of their bracing systems are investigated. Two different systems are analyzed: 1) a braced non-sway column and 2) a braced sway column. It was found that a poor choice of the shape of the initial imperfections can provide unrealistic results in terms of both the buckling load on the columns and the predicted reactions of the bracings. It was also found that superimposing different imperfection shapes can contribute to obtaining realistic and trustworthy results. Furthermore, it was shown that the shapes of the initial imperfections that lead to the lowest buckling load and those that result in the strongest bracing forces, are generally not the same.</p>},
  author       = {Klasson, Anders and Crocetti, Roberto and Hansson, Eva Frühwald},
  issn         = {2352-0124},
  keyword      = {Bracing stiffness,Column buckling,Energy method,Imperfection shapes,Non-linear modeling},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  pages        = {35--43},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Structures},
  title        = {Slender steel columns : How they are affected by imperfections and bracing stiffness},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2016.08.004},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2016},
}