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Testing for Occupational Crowding in Eighteenth-Century British Agriculture

Burnette, Joyce LU (1996) In Explorations in Economic History 33(3). p.319-345
Abstract
In the unskilled labor market of Industrial Revolution Britain, there was a distinct division of labor between the sexes. This occupational sorting may have been caused by gender discrimination, but, because men and women had different comparative advantages, it could also have been produced by a competitive market. This paper attempts to determine whether the division of labor resulted from discrimination in the form of occupational crowding by testing whether men and women were substitutes. Data on the employment of English farm servants in 1770 indicate that employers were willing to substitute male and female workers, which implies that the division of labor between the sexes was influenced by economic motivations, and was not... (More)
In the unskilled labor market of Industrial Revolution Britain, there was a distinct division of labor between the sexes. This occupational sorting may have been caused by gender discrimination, but, because men and women had different comparative advantages, it could also have been produced by a competitive market. This paper attempts to determine whether the division of labor resulted from discrimination in the form of occupational crowding by testing whether men and women were substitutes. Data on the employment of English farm servants in 1770 indicate that employers were willing to substitute male and female workers, which implies that the division of labor between the sexes was influenced by economic motivations, and was not determined by gender ideology alone. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
occupational sorting by gender
in
Explorations in Economic History
volume
33
issue
3
pages
27 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0030176720
ISSN
0014-4983
DOI
10.1006/exeh.1996.0018
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
0cd41605-9ee4-4661-ad8e-aea59ddfc264
date added to LUP
2017-09-21 15:45:15
date last changed
2017-09-24 05:15:43
@article{0cd41605-9ee4-4661-ad8e-aea59ddfc264,
  abstract     = {In the unskilled labor market of Industrial Revolution Britain, there was a distinct division of labor between the sexes. This occupational sorting may have been caused by gender discrimination, but, because men and women had different comparative advantages, it could also have been produced by a competitive market. This paper attempts to determine whether the division of labor resulted from discrimination in the form of occupational crowding by testing whether men and women were substitutes. Data on the employment of English farm servants in 1770 indicate that employers were willing to substitute male and female workers, which implies that the division of labor between the sexes was influenced by economic motivations, and was not determined by gender ideology alone.},
  author       = {Burnette, Joyce},
  issn         = {0014-4983},
  keyword      = {occupational sorting by gender},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {319--345},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Explorations in Economic History},
  title        = {Testing for Occupational Crowding in Eighteenth-Century British Agriculture},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/exeh.1996.0018},
  volume       = {33},
  year         = {1996},
}