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Kvinnor mot krig : aktioner och nätverk för fred 1914–1940

Andersson, Irene LU (2001) In Studia Historica Lundensia 1.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Kvinnor mot krig. Aktioner och nätverk för fred 1914-1940. Syftet med avhandlingen är att undersöka varför och på vilket sätt kvinnor skapade fredsaktioner under första världskriget och mellankrigstiden. Jag har studerat hur kvinnor mobiliserades, hur aktionerna genomfördes, vilket motstånd som väcktes och vad som hände efteråt. Utgångspunkten är kollektiva aktioner, som byggde på enskilda ställningstaganden och tillfälliga mobiliseringar. Organisationer finns endast med som rekryteringsnätverk för mobiliseringen. Följande aktioner ingår i studien: Kvinnornas fredssöndag 1915, som samlade cirka 88 000 kvinnor till möten på 343 platser i Sverige. Kvinnornas vapenlösa uppror mot kriget 1935, där... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Kvinnor mot krig. Aktioner och nätverk för fred 1914-1940. Syftet med avhandlingen är att undersöka varför och på vilket sätt kvinnor skapade fredsaktioner under första världskriget och mellankrigstiden. Jag har studerat hur kvinnor mobiliserades, hur aktionerna genomfördes, vilket motstånd som väcktes och vad som hände efteråt. Utgångspunkten är kollektiva aktioner, som byggde på enskilda ställningstaganden och tillfälliga mobiliseringar. Organisationer finns endast med som rekryteringsnätverk för mobiliseringen. Följande aktioner ingår i studien: Kvinnornas fredssöndag 1915, som samlade cirka 88 000 kvinnor till möten på 343 platser i Sverige. Kvinnornas vapenlösa uppror mot kriget 1935, där ungefär 20 000 deltagande kvinnor protesterade mot ett eventuellt gaskrig och ett krigssystem där det överhuvudtaget behövdes ett civilförsvar. Slutligen nya aktionsplaner 1937 och 1938, i samband med luftskyddslagar, och samlingar 1939 och 1940 vid andra världskrigets utbrott. Som fredspolitik var aktionerna inte unika i sin tid. Utformingen var inte heller speciell, det var däremot aktionernas innehåll. Det mobiliserande budskapet, som kan betecknas som feministisk antimilitarism, byggde på kvinnors medborgerliga rättigheter, kvinnors politiska och militära utanförskap, mödrars rätt att säga nej till våld och stöd av en internationell kvinnoopinion. (Less)
Abstract
The aim of this dissertation is to investigate how and why women established peace actions during World War I and the period between the wars. I have examined how women were mobilized, how the actions were carried out, what kind of opposition was awakened, and what happened afterwards. My startingpoint is collective actions based on individual standpoints and temporary mobilizations. Organizations are included only as recruiting networks for mobilizations. The following actions are included in the study: Women´s Peace Sunday (1915), which gathered about 88,000 women to meetings in 343 locations across Sweden; Women´s unarmed revolt against war (1935), where approximately 20,000 women participated in protests against a possible chemical war... (More)
The aim of this dissertation is to investigate how and why women established peace actions during World War I and the period between the wars. I have examined how women were mobilized, how the actions were carried out, what kind of opposition was awakened, and what happened afterwards. My startingpoint is collective actions based on individual standpoints and temporary mobilizations. Organizations are included only as recruiting networks for mobilizations. The following actions are included in the study: Women´s Peace Sunday (1915), which gathered about 88,000 women to meetings in 343 locations across Sweden; Women´s unarmed revolt against war (1935), where approximately 20,000 women participated in protests against a possible chemical war and a system of war that needed a civil defence at all; and lastly, the new action plans in 1937 and 1938 in connection with civil defence laws and the rallies in 1939 and 1940 at the outbreak of World War II. As policies of peace, these actions were not unique for their times. The manner in which they were formulated was not special, but their content was. The mobilizing message, which can be described as feministic anti-militarism, was based on the civil rights of women, the political and military isolation of women, mother´s right to say no to violence, and the support of an international female public opinion. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • FD Björk, Gunnela, Department of History, University of Stockholm
organization
alternative title
Women against War Actions and Networks for Peace, 1914-–1940
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sociologi, Sociology, women´s civil rights, civil defence, gas warfare, The Epoch (Tidevarvet), socialdemocratic women, Elin Wägner, peace movement, women´s movement, Collective actions, network, Contemporary history (circa 1800 to 1914), Modern historia (ca. 1800-1914)
in
Studia Historica Lundensia
volume
1
pages
358 pages
publisher
Historiska Media
defense location
Department of History, sal 3, Magle Stora Kyrkogata 12 A, Lund
defense date
2001-09-22 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUHFDA/HFHI-2001/1101-SE+358
ISSN
1650-755X
ISBN
91-628-4901-8
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
0dc45c93-faef-4ae0-9534-de88de7a1ea0 (old id 20239)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 09:46:24
date last changed
2018-11-21 20:38:35
@phdthesis{0dc45c93-faef-4ae0-9534-de88de7a1ea0,
  abstract     = {The aim of this dissertation is to investigate how and why women established peace actions during World War I and the period between the wars. I have examined how women were mobilized, how the actions were carried out, what kind of opposition was awakened, and what happened afterwards. My startingpoint is collective actions based on individual standpoints and temporary mobilizations. Organizations are included only as recruiting networks for mobilizations. The following actions are included in the study: Women´s Peace Sunday (1915), which gathered about 88,000 women to meetings in 343 locations across Sweden; Women´s unarmed revolt against war (1935), where approximately 20,000 women participated in protests against a possible chemical war and a system of war that needed a civil defence at all; and lastly, the new action plans in 1937 and 1938 in connection with civil defence laws and the rallies in 1939 and 1940 at the outbreak of World War II. As policies of peace, these actions were not unique for their times. The manner in which they were formulated was not special, but their content was. The mobilizing message, which can be described as feministic anti-militarism, was based on the civil rights of women, the political and military isolation of women, mother´s right to say no to violence, and the support of an international female public opinion.},
  author       = {Andersson, Irene},
  isbn         = {91-628-4901-8},
  issn         = {1650-755X},
  keyword      = {Sociologi,Sociology,women´s civil rights,civil defence,gas warfare,The Epoch (Tidevarvet),socialdemocratic women,Elin Wägner,peace movement,women´s movement,Collective actions,network,Contemporary history (circa 1800 to 1914),Modern historia (ca. 1800-1914)},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {358},
  publisher    = {Historiska Media},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Studia Historica Lundensia},
  title        = {Kvinnor mot krig : aktioner och nätverk för fred 1914–1940},
  volume       = {1},
  year         = {2001},
}