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Residential fire fatality typologies in Sweden : Results after 20 years of high-quality data

Jonsson, Anders ; Runefors, Marcus LU orcid ; Gustavsson, Johanna and Nilson, Finn (2022) In Journal of Safety Research
Abstract

Introduction: Despite a positive long-term trend in fire mortality rates, more knowledge is required concerning the causes and typologies of fatal residential fires in order to improve preventative efforts and further decrease fatality rates. A previous study suggested that fatal residential fires can be grouped into six categories, however, the analyses were performed on a limited dataset that is now more than a decade old. As such, there are some uncertainties regarding the current situation. Also, in the previous study, no subgroups were analyzed separately, despite fatal fires being renowned for being strongly age-dependent. Method: This study re-analyzes the typologies for fatal residential fires in Sweden using cluster analysis,... (More)

Introduction: Despite a positive long-term trend in fire mortality rates, more knowledge is required concerning the causes and typologies of fatal residential fires in order to improve preventative efforts and further decrease fatality rates. A previous study suggested that fatal residential fires can be grouped into six categories, however, the analyses were performed on a limited dataset that is now more than a decade old. As such, there are some uncertainties regarding the current situation. Also, in the previous study, no subgroups were analyzed separately, despite fatal fires being renowned for being strongly age-dependent. Method: This study re-analyzes the typologies for fatal residential fires in Sweden using cluster analysis, based on data for a period of 20 years with a particular focus on older adults. Results: The results suggest that the original cluster analyses were relatively robust for both the total population and for the elderly population, thereby indicating that fatal fires seem to be consistently grouped into certain types. Conclusions: The results suggest that preventative efforts can be directed toward these types of events involving identified individuals. The results also suggest that the number of fatal residential fires with unknown causes has increased in relation to other fires during the 20-year study period. Practical Implications: Fatal residential fires with unknown causes are more often large night-time fires occurring in houses in rural locations. In order to prevent these, both prevention and reactive strategies need to be re-evaluated.

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author
; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Cluster analysis, Elderly, Fire mortality
in
Journal of Safety Research
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85130491112
ISSN
0022-4375
DOI
10.1016/j.jsr.2022.04.007
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0e4818a8-3f6a-4268-ab81-a161082062ef
date added to LUP
2022-07-14 11:55:34
date last changed
2022-07-21 19:42:44
@article{0e4818a8-3f6a-4268-ab81-a161082062ef,
  abstract     = {{<p>Introduction: Despite a positive long-term trend in fire mortality rates, more knowledge is required concerning the causes and typologies of fatal residential fires in order to improve preventative efforts and further decrease fatality rates. A previous study suggested that fatal residential fires can be grouped into six categories, however, the analyses were performed on a limited dataset that is now more than a decade old. As such, there are some uncertainties regarding the current situation. Also, in the previous study, no subgroups were analyzed separately, despite fatal fires being renowned for being strongly age-dependent. Method: This study re-analyzes the typologies for fatal residential fires in Sweden using cluster analysis, based on data for a period of 20 years with a particular focus on older adults. Results: The results suggest that the original cluster analyses were relatively robust for both the total population and for the elderly population, thereby indicating that fatal fires seem to be consistently grouped into certain types. Conclusions: The results suggest that preventative efforts can be directed toward these types of events involving identified individuals. The results also suggest that the number of fatal residential fires with unknown causes has increased in relation to other fires during the 20-year study period. Practical Implications: Fatal residential fires with unknown causes are more often large night-time fires occurring in houses in rural locations. In order to prevent these, both prevention and reactive strategies need to be re-evaluated.</p>}},
  author       = {{Jonsson, Anders and Runefors, Marcus and Gustavsson, Johanna and Nilson, Finn}},
  issn         = {{0022-4375}},
  keywords     = {{Cluster analysis; Elderly; Fire mortality}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  publisher    = {{Elsevier}},
  series       = {{Journal of Safety Research}},
  title        = {{Residential fire fatality typologies in Sweden : Results after 20 years of high-quality data}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2022.04.007}},
  doi          = {{10.1016/j.jsr.2022.04.007}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}