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Do preterm-born children and adolescents have greater need for dental care as compared to full term-born controls?

Vicente, António ; Alward, Lubna ; Wiedel, Anna Paulina LU ; Becker, Magnus LU orcid ; Shi, Xie Qi ; Hellén-Halme, Kristina and Brogårdh-Roth, Susanne (2022) In BMC Oral Health 22(1).
Abstract

Background: Preterm birth has been shown to cause various long-term health issues. Children who were born preterm have also been observed to have more dental behaviour management problems (DBMP) during dental examinations and treatment than children born full term. It is known that dental radiographic examinations can be uncomfortable and cause anxiety in paediatric patients. Thus, our aims were to retrospectively compare dental care related examinations and treatments carried out in three different age intervals (3–6 years, 7–12 years, and 13–19 years) among preterm- and full-term born children and adolescents. Methods: The present study included 311 patient files: 122 very preterm–born and 33 extremely preterm–born children and... (More)

Background: Preterm birth has been shown to cause various long-term health issues. Children who were born preterm have also been observed to have more dental behaviour management problems (DBMP) during dental examinations and treatment than children born full term. It is known that dental radiographic examinations can be uncomfortable and cause anxiety in paediatric patients. Thus, our aims were to retrospectively compare dental care related examinations and treatments carried out in three different age intervals (3–6 years, 7–12 years, and 13–19 years) among preterm- and full-term born children and adolescents. Methods: The present study included 311 patient files: 122 very preterm–born and 33 extremely preterm–born children and adolescents (< 32 gestational weeks). A matched control group of 156 full term–born children and adolescents (≥ 37 gestational weeks) was analysed for comparison. Various factors, including DBMP, missed appointments, dental caries, and radiographic examinations, were retrieved from the dental records for three age intervals: 3–6 years, 7–12 years, and 13–19 years. Results: Extremely preterm–born children missed significantly more dental appointments and presented with more DBMP during dental examinations and treatment than full term–born children in the 3–6-year age group; the same was observed for the very preterm–born in the 7–12-year age group. No significant differences in DBMP during bitewing and periapical examinations or in number of bitewing, periapical and panoramic radiographs occurred between the groups in any age interval. Conclusion: Preterm–born children and adolescents may need more flexibility in booking and receive reminders for scheduled visits with the general dental team. Due to the non-significant differences in dental care related oral examinations and treatments, the same dental care service may be applied to the preterm- and full-term born children and adolescents.

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author
; ; ; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Children, Dental radiography, Intraoral imaging, Preterm birth
in
BMC Oral Health
volume
22
issue
1
article number
479
publisher
BioMed Central (BMC)
external identifiers
  • pmid:36352446
  • scopus:85141447605
ISSN
1472-6831
DOI
10.1186/s12903-022-02504-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0e570fe7-64c4-44ca-8e16-4092e66935a9
date added to LUP
2022-12-05 12:33:53
date last changed
2024-02-02 06:05:47
@article{0e570fe7-64c4-44ca-8e16-4092e66935a9,
  abstract     = {{<p>Background: Preterm birth has been shown to cause various long-term health issues. Children who were born preterm have also been observed to have more dental behaviour management problems (DBMP) during dental examinations and treatment than children born full term. It is known that dental radiographic examinations can be uncomfortable and cause anxiety in paediatric patients. Thus, our aims were to retrospectively compare dental care related examinations and treatments carried out in three different age intervals (3–6 years, 7–12 years, and 13–19 years) among preterm- and full-term born children and adolescents. Methods: The present study included 311 patient files: 122 very preterm–born and 33 extremely preterm–born children and adolescents (&lt; 32 gestational weeks). A matched control group of 156 full term–born children and adolescents (≥ 37 gestational weeks) was analysed for comparison. Various factors, including DBMP, missed appointments, dental caries, and radiographic examinations, were retrieved from the dental records for three age intervals: 3–6 years, 7–12 years, and 13–19 years. Results: Extremely preterm–born children missed significantly more dental appointments and presented with more DBMP during dental examinations and treatment than full term–born children in the 3–6-year age group; the same was observed for the very preterm–born in the 7–12-year age group. No significant differences in DBMP during bitewing and periapical examinations or in number of bitewing, periapical and panoramic radiographs occurred between the groups in any age interval. Conclusion: Preterm–born children and adolescents may need more flexibility in booking and receive reminders for scheduled visits with the general dental team. Due to the non-significant differences in dental care related oral examinations and treatments, the same dental care service may be applied to the preterm- and full-term born children and adolescents.</p>}},
  author       = {{Vicente, António and Alward, Lubna and Wiedel, Anna Paulina and Becker, Magnus and Shi, Xie Qi and Hellén-Halme, Kristina and Brogårdh-Roth, Susanne}},
  issn         = {{1472-6831}},
  keywords     = {{Children; Dental radiography; Intraoral imaging; Preterm birth}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  publisher    = {{BioMed Central (BMC)}},
  series       = {{BMC Oral Health}},
  title        = {{Do preterm-born children and adolescents have greater need for dental care as compared to full term-born controls?}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12903-022-02504-8}},
  doi          = {{10.1186/s12903-022-02504-8}},
  volume       = {{22}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}