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Gravitoviscous protoplanetary disks with a dust component : I. the importance of the inner sub-au region

Vorobyov, Eduard I.; Skliarevskii, Aleksandr M.; Elbakyan, Vardan G. LU ; Pavlyuchenkov, Yaroslav; Akimkin, Vitaly and Guedel, Manuel (2019) In Astronomy and Astrophysics 627.
Abstract

Aims. The central region of a circumstellar disk is difficult to resolve in global numerical simulations of collapsing cloud cores, but its effect on the evolution of the entire disk can be significant. Methods. We used numerical hydrodynamics simulations to model the long-term evolution of self-gravitating and viscous circumstellar disks in the thin-disk limit. Simulations start from the gravitational collapse of pre-stellar cores of 0.5-1.0 M and both gaseous and dusty subsystems were considered, including a model for dust growth. The inner unresolved 1.0 au of the disk is replaced with a central smart cell (CSC), a simplified model that simulates physical processes that may occur in this region. Results. We found that the mass... (More)

Aims. The central region of a circumstellar disk is difficult to resolve in global numerical simulations of collapsing cloud cores, but its effect on the evolution of the entire disk can be significant. Methods. We used numerical hydrodynamics simulations to model the long-term evolution of self-gravitating and viscous circumstellar disks in the thin-disk limit. Simulations start from the gravitational collapse of pre-stellar cores of 0.5-1.0 M and both gaseous and dusty subsystems were considered, including a model for dust growth. The inner unresolved 1.0 au of the disk is replaced with a central smart cell (CSC), a simplified model that simulates physical processes that may occur in this region. Results. We found that the mass transport rate through the CSC has an appreciable effect on the evolution of the entire disk. Models with slow mass transport form more massive and warmer disks, and are more susceptible to gravitational instability and fragmentation, including a newly identified episodic mode of disk fragmentation in the T Tauri phase of disk evolution. Models with slow mass transport through the CSC feature episodic accretion and luminosity bursts in the early evolution, while models with fast transport are characterized by a steadily declining accretion rate with low-amplitude flickering. Dust grows to a larger, decimeter size in the slow transport models and efficiently drifts in the CSC, where it accumulates and reaches the limit where a streaming instability becomes operational. We argue that gravitational instability, together with a streaming instability likely operating in the inner disk regions, constitute two concurrent planet-forming mechanisms, which may explain the observed diversity of exoplanetary orbits. Conclusions. We conclude that sophisticated models of the inner unresolved disk regions should be used when modeling the formation and evolution of gaseous and dusty protoplanetary disks.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Planets and satellites: formation, Protoplanetary disks, Stars: protostars
in
Astronomy and Astrophysics
volume
627
publisher
EDP Sciences
external identifiers
  • scopus:85069506635
ISSN
0004-6361
DOI
10.1051/0004-6361/201935438
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0e754903-c454-41d2-ba03-683e71734cf9
date added to LUP
2019-08-07 08:26:12
date last changed
2019-08-28 04:57:50
@article{0e754903-c454-41d2-ba03-683e71734cf9,
  abstract     = {<p>Aims. The central region of a circumstellar disk is difficult to resolve in global numerical simulations of collapsing cloud cores, but its effect on the evolution of the entire disk can be significant. Methods. We used numerical hydrodynamics simulations to model the long-term evolution of self-gravitating and viscous circumstellar disks in the thin-disk limit. Simulations start from the gravitational collapse of pre-stellar cores of 0.5-1.0 M and both gaseous and dusty subsystems were considered, including a model for dust growth. The inner unresolved 1.0 au of the disk is replaced with a central smart cell (CSC), a simplified model that simulates physical processes that may occur in this region. Results. We found that the mass transport rate through the CSC has an appreciable effect on the evolution of the entire disk. Models with slow mass transport form more massive and warmer disks, and are more susceptible to gravitational instability and fragmentation, including a newly identified episodic mode of disk fragmentation in the T Tauri phase of disk evolution. Models with slow mass transport through the CSC feature episodic accretion and luminosity bursts in the early evolution, while models with fast transport are characterized by a steadily declining accretion rate with low-amplitude flickering. Dust grows to a larger, decimeter size in the slow transport models and efficiently drifts in the CSC, where it accumulates and reaches the limit where a streaming instability becomes operational. We argue that gravitational instability, together with a streaming instability likely operating in the inner disk regions, constitute two concurrent planet-forming mechanisms, which may explain the observed diversity of exoplanetary orbits. Conclusions. We conclude that sophisticated models of the inner unresolved disk regions should be used when modeling the formation and evolution of gaseous and dusty protoplanetary disks.</p>},
  articleno    = {A154},
  author       = {Vorobyov, Eduard I. and Skliarevskii, Aleksandr M. and Elbakyan, Vardan G. and Pavlyuchenkov, Yaroslav and Akimkin, Vitaly and Guedel, Manuel},
  issn         = {0004-6361},
  keyword      = {Planets and satellites: formation,Protoplanetary disks,Stars: protostars},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  publisher    = {EDP Sciences},
  series       = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
  title        = {Gravitoviscous protoplanetary disks with a dust component : I. the importance of the inner sub-au region},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201935438},
  volume       = {627},
  year         = {2019},
}