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The Cuckoo’s Nest Approach for Co-Creating Business Ecosystems in Smart Cities

Artto, Karlos ; Kyrö, Riikka LU ; Ahola, Tuomas ; Peltokorpi, Antti and Sandqvist, Kristiina (2016) In Technology Innovation Management Review 6(12). p.26-37
Abstract
The development of business ecosystems in smart cities is currently hampered by the absence of established approaches for facilitating long-term value and sustainability. In our view, the underlying reason is the lack of collective action involving various organizations in the design process. Collective action for the good of the whole ecosystem does not take place in existing participatory practices because of the dominating role of a single customer or designer organization (in urban development projects typically the owner-developer or lead architect), who uses their bargaining and decision-making power over others. This leads to sub-optimal behaviour where the system is optimized for the goals of one strong organization instead of... (More)
The development of business ecosystems in smart cities is currently hampered by the absence of established approaches for facilitating long-term value and sustainability. In our view, the underlying reason is the lack of collective action involving various organizations in the design process. Collective action for the good of the whole ecosystem does not take place in existing participatory practices because of the dominating role of a single customer or designer organization (in urban development projects typically the owner-developer or lead architect), who uses their bargaining and decision-making power over others. This leads to sub-optimal behaviour where the system is optimized for the goals of one strong organization instead of collectively developed system-level goals of the business ecosystem as a whole. The Cuckoo’s Nest approach addresses this problem by inviting various expert organizations to design the system and assigning each organization design rights for the ecosystem and its system-level goal. The Cuckoo’s Nest approach enhances collective action among the organizations by making individuals from various organizations consider the interests, goals, objectives, and value-adding elements of other organizations – not just those of their own organizations. With the Cuckoo’s Nest approach, the business ecosystem comes first, and single organizations’ goals or specific design features come second. This article discusses the outcomes of two workshops where the Cuckoo’s Nest approach was used for the purpose of developing business ecosystems in connection with smart city development projects within the Helsinki Metropolitan Area. We outline the steps involved in the Cuckoo’s Nest approach and how they were applied in these two smart city projects, and we describe how it is being refined for further use in other locations and contexts. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
business ecosystem, business network, campus development, co-creation, co-design, collective action, Cuckoo's Nest Approach, participatory planning, smart cities, sustainability
in
Technology Innovation Management Review
volume
6
issue
12
pages
26 - 37
DOI
10.22215/timreview/1039
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
0f214557-f81c-4c3e-a5d0-acfd4fc18f2c
alternative location
http://timreview.ca/article/1039
date added to LUP
2019-02-04 10:28:09
date last changed
2019-02-08 15:47:19
@article{0f214557-f81c-4c3e-a5d0-acfd4fc18f2c,
  abstract     = {The development of business ecosystems in smart cities is currently hampered by the absence of established approaches for facilitating long-term value and sustainability. In our view, the underlying reason is the lack of collective action involving various organizations in the design process. Collective action for the good of the whole ecosystem does not take place in existing participatory practices because of the dominating role of a single customer or designer organization (in urban development projects typically the owner-developer or lead architect), who uses their bargaining and decision-making power over others. This leads to sub-optimal behaviour where the system is optimized for the goals of one strong organization instead of collectively developed system-level goals of the business ecosystem as a whole. The Cuckoo’s Nest approach addresses this problem by inviting various expert organizations to design the system and assigning each organization design rights for the ecosystem and its system-level goal. The Cuckoo’s Nest approach enhances collective action among the organizations by making individuals from various organizations consider the interests, goals, objectives, and value-adding elements of other organizations – not just those of their own organizations. With the Cuckoo’s Nest approach, the business ecosystem comes first, and single organizations’ goals or specific design features come second. This article discusses the outcomes of two workshops where the Cuckoo’s Nest approach was used for the purpose of developing business ecosystems in connection with smart city development projects within the Helsinki Metropolitan Area. We outline the steps involved in the Cuckoo’s Nest approach and how they were applied in these two smart city projects, and we describe how it is being refined for further use in other locations and contexts.},
  author       = {Artto, Karlos and Kyrö, Riikka and Ahola, Tuomas and Peltokorpi, Antti and Sandqvist, Kristiina},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {26--37},
  series       = {Technology Innovation Management Review},
  title        = {The Cuckoo’s Nest Approach for Co-Creating Business Ecosystems in Smart Cities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1039},
  doi          = {10.22215/timreview/1039},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2016},
}